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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09276440.2020.1773179

PLA/flax fiber bio-composites: effect of polyphenol-based surface treatment on interfacial adhesion and durability

04 Mar 2021-Composite Interfaces (Informa UK Limited)-Vol. 28, Iss: 3, pp 287-308
Abstract: Fiber treatments to enhance interfacial adhesion in natural fiber-reinforced composites generally induce the use of many chemicals. To address this issue, the present work aimed to develop innovati...

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09276440.2020.1826274
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to review the recent advances in treatment strategies for natural fibers before their utilization in a reinforced composite in the last 5 years. More focus was placed on e...

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7 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.14416/J.ASEP.2021.06.003
08 Jun 2021-
Abstract: Natural fiber reinforced polymer composite is a much focused area of study owing to its environmentally friendly nature and good mechanical properties. These composites offer comparable mechanical properties to that of steel and other composite materials. Dynamic mechanical analysis is a widely used technique to investigate the mechanical performance of fiber reinforced composites at a wide range of temperatures. Using this technique, the thermal transitions and damping properties of fiber reinforced composites too can be studied. These natural fiber composites are widely employed in structural applications in many industries. Here, in this short review we have presented the recent works on the dynamic properties of natural fiber reinforced composite materials with an essence of the influencing factors.

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Topics: Natural fiber (53%)

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09276440.2021.1920238
Abstract: This research aimed to evaluate the improvement of the mechanical properties of composites and their reduction of weight induced by milkweed floss (MW). As MW is severely affected by surface treatm...

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2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2021.02.171
Francesca Sbardella1, Iván Rivilla2, Irene Bavasso1, Pietro Russo  +3 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Different surface treatments including mercerization, stearic acid and growth of zinc oxide nanorods as well as their combinations were exploited to address their effects on the properties of green composites based on polylactic acid (PLA) and flax fabrics. The resulting fabrics were morphologically (SEM), crystallographically (XRD) and thermally (TGA) characterized, showing no significant changes with respect to the untreated samples. In contrast, tensile and flexural properties of composites produced by compression moulding were significantly influenced. A combination of mercerization and environmentally friendly stearic acid treatment turned the character of the flax fabric from hydrophilic to hydrophobic, and led to improved bending and tensile strengths by 20% and 12%, respectively, compared to untreated composites. The presence of ZnO nanorods promoted an increase in flexural and tensile stiffness by 58% and 31%, respectively, but at the expense of strength, with reductions ascribed to the degradation of polylactic acid under high-temperature conditions favoured by ZnO, as confirmed by a reduction in the initial thermal degradation temperature up to 26%. These latter composites can be suggested in those applications where a suitable combination of flexural properties and a shorter persistence in the environment is desired.

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Topics: Polylactic acid (56%), Stearic acid (55%), Flexural strength (53%) ... show more

2 Citations



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61 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1023/A:1020200822435
Donald Garlotta1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A literature review is presented regarding the synthesis, and physicochemical, chemical, and mechanical properties of poly(lactic acid)(PLA). Poly(lactic acid) exists as a polymeric helix, with an orthorhombic unit cell. The tensile properties of PLA can vary widely, depending on whether or not it is annealed or oriented or what its degree of crystallinity is. Also discussed are the effects of processing on PLA. Crystallization and crystallization kinetics of PLA are also investigated. Solution and melt rheology of PLA is also discussed. Four different power-law equations and 14 different Mark–Houwink equations are presented for PLA. Nuclear magnetic resonance, UV–VIS, and FTIR spectroscopy of PLA are briefly discussed. Finally, research conducted on starch–PLA composites is introduced.

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Topics: Crystallization (51%)

2,891 Citations


Abstract: Recently the critical discussion about the preservation of natural resources and recycling has led to the renewed interest concerning biomaterials with the focus on renewable raw materials. Because of increasing environmental consciousness and demands of legislative authorities, use and removal of traditional composite structures, usually made of glass, carbon or aramid fibers being reinforced with epoxy, unsaturated polyester, or phenolics, are considered critically. Recent advances in natural fiber development, genetic engineering and composite science offer significant opportunities for improved materials from renewable resources with enhanced support for global sustainability. The important feature of composite materials is that they can be designed and tailored to meet different requirements. Since natural fibers are cheap and biodegradable, the biodegradable composites from biofibers and biodegradable polymers will render a contribution in the 21st century due to serious environmental problem. Biodegradable polymers have offered scientists a possible solution to waste-disposal problems associated with traditional petroleum-derived plastics. For scientists the real challenge lies in finding applications which would consume sufficiently large quantities of these materials to lead price reduction, allowing biodegradable polymers to compete economically in the market. Today's much better performance of traditional plastics are the outcome of continued RD however the existing biodegradable polymers came to public only few years back. Prices of biodegradable polymers can be reduced on mass scale production; and such mass scale production will be feasible through constant R&D efforts of scientists to improve the performance of biodegradable plastics. Manufacture of biodegradable composites from such biodegradable plastics will enhance the demand of such materials. The structural aspects and properties of several biofibers and biodegradable polymers, recent developments of different biodegradable polymers and biocomposites are discussed in this review article. Collaborative R&D efforts among material scientists and engineers as well as intensive co-operation and co-ordination among industries, research institutions and government are essential to find various commercial applications of biocomposites even beyond to our imagination.

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2,386 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10924-006-0042-3
Xue Li1, Lope G. Tabil1, S. Panigrahi1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Studies on the use of natural fibers as replacement to man-made fiber in fiber-reinforced composites have increased and opened up further industrial possibilities. Natural fibers have the advantages of low density, low cost, and biodegradability. However, the main disadvantages of natural fibers in composites are the poor compatibility between fiber and matrix and the relative high moisture sorption. Therefore, chemical treatments are considered in modifying the fiber surface properties. In this paper, the different chemical modifications on natural fibers for use in natural fiber-reinforced composites are reviewed. Chemical treatments including alkali, silane, acetylation, benzoylation, acrylation, maleated coupling agents, isocyanates, permanganate and others are discussed. The chemical treatment of fiber aimed at improving the adhesion between the fiber surface and the polymer matrix may not only modify the fiber surface but also increase fiber strength. Water absorption of composites is reduced and their mechanical properties are improved.

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Topics: Natural fiber (63%)

1,914 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2010.05.092
Abstract: The concept of biodegradable plastics is of considerable interest with respect to solid waste accumulation. Greater efforts have been made in developing degradable biological materials without any environmental pollution to replace oil-based traditional plastics. Among numerous kinds of degradable polymers, polylactic acid sometimes called polylactide, an aliphatic polyester and biocompatible thermoplastic, is currently a most promising and popular material with the brightest development prospect and was considered as the 'green' eco friendly material. Biodegradable plastics like polyglycolic acid, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxybutyrate, etc. are commercially available for controlled drug releases, implantable composites, bone fixation parts, packaging and paper coatings, sustained release systems for pesticides and fertilizers and compost bags etc. This review will provide information on current PLA market, brief account on recent developments in the synthesis of lactic acid (monomer of PLA) through biological route, PLA synthesis, unique material properties of PLA and modification of those by making copolymers and composites, PLA degradation and its wide spectrum applications.

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1,712 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2003.09.016
Abstract: Natural fibers are emerging as low cost, lightweight and apparently environmentally superior alternatives to glass fibers in composites. We review select comparative life cycle assessment studies of natural fiber and glass fiber composites, and identify key drivers of their relative environmental performance. Natural fiber composites are likely to be environmentally superior to glass fiber composites in most cases for the following reasons: (1) natural fiber production has lower environmental impacts compared to glass fiber production; (2) natural fiber composites have higher fiber content for equivalent performance, reducing more polluting base polymer content; (3) the light-weight natural fiber composites improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions in the use phase of the component, especially in auto applications; and (4) end of life incineration of natural fibers results in recovered energy and carbon credits.

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Topics: Fiber (64%), Natural fiber (59%), Glass fiber (56%)

1,599 Citations


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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20219