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Journal ArticleDOI

Poetic Expressions: Students of Color Express Resiliency Through Metaphors and Similes

Horace R. Hall1
01 Feb 2007-Journal of Advanced Academics (SAGE Publications)-Vol. 18, Iss: 2, pp 216-244
TL;DR: The after-school City School Outreach youth program captured the attention of high school male students by offering them a physically and psychologically safe environment to talk about issues they faced as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The after-school City School Outreach youth program captured the attention of high school male students by offering them a physically and psychologically safe environment to talk about issues they faced. The students of color who attended the program used various forms of creative written expression (i.e., poetry, spoken word, and hip hop) to document and share their lived realities as African American and Latino youth. An analysis of their writings and subsequent interviews revealed a variety of coping strategies and resources that these resilient adolescent males of color used to transcend adversity in their environment. When adolescent males of color have a strong sense of cultural pride and awareness, they are able to construct a healthy self-concept that assists them in acts of agency and resistance against negative psychological forces in their environment. These students used familial and nonfamilial support mechanisms, such as peers, church, and mentors, to assist them in reducing the stressful im...

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01 Jan 2018

5 citations


Cites background from "Poetic Expressions: Students of Col..."

  • ...Schools are often detached from young people’s needs for strategies to cope with their conditions and transform the harsh realities of their lives (Camangian, 2008; Hall, 2007)....

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  • ...…relationships between students and teachers (Desai & Marsh, 2005; Fisher, 2005; Jocson, 2005; Wiseman, 2007); challenge students through questioning (Hall, 2007; 22 Reyes, 2006; Stovall 2006), and structure their classes using participatory, democratic engagements (Desai & Marsh, 2005; Ellis,…...

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  • ...This is even more important for historically marginalized youth, who have long felt silenced in school contexts and who are traditionally portrayed as threats within society (Camangian, 2008; Hall, 2007; Jocson, 2005)....

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  • ...who have long felt silenced in school contexts and who are traditionally portrayed as threats within society (Camangian, 2008; Hall, 2007; Jocson, 2005)....

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  • ...…lived experiences (Desai & Marsh, 2005; Fisher, 2005; Jocson, 2005); build on existing assets, especially students’ multiple literacies (Fisher, 2005; Hall, 2007, Reyes, 2006; Wiseman, 2007), develop horizontal relationships between students and teachers (Desai & Marsh, 2005; Fisher, 2005; Jocson,…...

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Teaching Chinese to second language learners is a challenge for preschool teachers in Hong Kong so effective teacher professional development programmes are urgently needed to enhance their abilities as discussed by the authors. But they do not consider bilingual learners.
Abstract: Teaching Chinese to second language learners is a challenge for preschool teachers in Hong Kong so effective teacher professional development programmes are urgently needed to enhance their...

5 citations

01 Jan 2010

5 citations


Cites background from "Poetic Expressions: Students of Col..."

  • ...The work of sociologists and researchers investigating issues surrounding identity, race, gender and class formation and education in urban America also informed this research (Fine & Weis, 1998; Hall, 2007; Kimmel, 2005; Majors, 1990; McLaren, 1989)....

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  • ...Hall (2007) writes about resiliency in young men of color....

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  • ...On the community level, strong networks outside of the home, such as church, schools and non-parenting adults are positive contributors to resilience building in young people (Hall, 2007)....

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  • ...issues surrounding identity, race, gender and class formation and education in urban America also informed this research (Fine & Weis, 1998; Hall, 2007; Kimmel, 2005; Majors, 1990; McLaren, 1989)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2009
TL;DR: This paper used survey data from a nationally representative sample of 314 school counselors to investigate whether school counselors actually target resiliency in their guidance and counseling efforts and found that the majority of them did not.
Abstract: Little is known about whether school counselors actually target resiliency in their guidance and counseling efforts. Using survey data from a nationally representative sample of 314 school counselo...

5 citations


Cites background from "Poetic Expressions: Students of Col..."

  • ...Morality, in terms of social justice and equality, is thought to be a significant protective factors for high school girls (Clemente, 2002), as well as minority adolescent boys (Hall, 2007)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper conducted a Delphi study concerning the characteristics of resilience with a large group of African American parents (n=240) and found that these students encounter less social fit in school, have a higher propensity for at-risk behavior, and experience less favorable academic and social outcomes.
Abstract: African American Parental Beliefs About Resiliency: A Delphi Study by Vita L. Jones Dr. Kyle Higgins, Examination Committee Chair Professor of Special Education University of Nevada, Las Vegas Resiliency is a concept that has been discussed in the fields of anthropology, psychology, sociology, and education for over 30 years. Most authors define resiliency as the ability to triumph over adversity. The term associated with children/youth who rise above negative situations is resilient. A subgroup of students who are disproportionately affected by negative perceptions from society and who often find themselves in negative situations are African American children/youth. It appears that these students encounter less social fit in school, have a higher propensity for at-risk behavior, and experience less favorable academic and social outcomes. This study involved a Delphi inquiry concerning the characteristics of resiliency with a large group of African American parents (n=240). The parents in this study were considered experts in resiliency if they graduated from high school and had at least one child who graduated from high school. Through a series of three Delphi surveys, the parents moved toward agreement concerning what they perceived to be the most important characteristics of resiliency that contributed to their success and the success of their child and those that hindered their success and the success of their child (internal

4 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1968
TL;DR: Erikson as mentioned in this paper describes a process that is located both in the core of the individual and in the inner space of the communal culture, and discusses the connection between individual struggles and social order.
Abstract: Identity, Erikson writes, is an unfathomable as it is all-pervasive. It deals with a process that is located both in the core of the individual and in the core of the communal culture. As the culture changes, new kinds of identity questions arise-Erikson comments, for example, on issues of social protest and changing gender roles that were particular to the 1960s. Representing two decades of groundbreaking work, the essays are not so much a systematic formulation of theory as an evolving report that is both clinical and theoretical. The subjects range from "creative confusion" in two famous lives-the dramatist George Bernard Shaw and the philosopher William James-to the connection between individual struggles and social order. "Race and the Wider Identity" and the controversial "Womanhood and the Inner Space" are included in the collection.

14,906 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

5,199 citations


"Poetic Expressions: Students of Col..." refers background in this paper

  • ...From a psychosocial perspective, adolescents are engaged in a conscious and unconscious search for an autonomous identity as they seek to understand their social roles in life (Erikson, 1968; Marcia, 1980)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a framework for understanding how a sense of collective identity enters into the process of schooling and affects academic achievement is proposed, showing how the fear of being accused of "acting white" causes a social and psychological situation which diminishes black students' academic effort and thus leads to underachievement.
Abstract: The authors review their previous explanation of black students' underachievement. They now suggest the importance of considering black people's expressive responses to their historical status and experience in America. “Fictive kinship” is proposed as a framework for understanding how a sense of collective identity enters into the process of schooling and affects academic achievement. The authors support their argument with ethnographic data from a high school in Washington, D.C., showing how the fear of being accused of “acting white” causes a social and psychological situation which diminishes black students' academic effort and thus leads to underachievement. Policy and programmatic implications are discussed.

3,468 citations


"Poetic Expressions: Students of Col..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Even though there is an abundance of work that focuses on why youth of color either fail or succeed academically (Cammarota, 2004; Conchas, 2001; Fordham & Ogbu, 1986; Juarez, 1996; Majors & Billson, 1992; Osborne, 2001), there is little research that concentrates on the dynamics that build…...

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Reference BookDOI
30 Oct 2009
TL;DR: The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work as discussed by the authors, with contributions from the leading researchers.
Abstract: The study of and interest in adolescence in the field of psychology and related fields continues to grow, necessitating an expanded revision of this seminal work. This multidisciplinary handbook, edited by the premier scholars in the field, Richard Lerner and Laurence Steinberg, and with contributions from the leading researchers, reflects the latest empirical work and growth in the field.

2,001 citations

Book
24 Jun 1999
TL;DR: A definition of terms Defining Racism can be found in this paper, where the Complexity of Identity and Affirmative Action are defined. But there is more than just Black and White, you know.
Abstract: Introduction A Definition of Terms Defining RacismCan we talk? The Complexity of IdentityWho am I? Understanding Blackness In A White Context The Early YearsIs my skin brown because I drink chocolate milk? Identity Development in AdolescenceWhy are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria? Racial Identity in AdulthoodStill a work in progress Understanding Whiteness In a White Context The Development of White IdentityIm not ethnic, Im just normal. White Identity and Affirmative ActionIm in favor of affirmative action except when it comes to my jobs. Beyond Black and White Critical Issues in Latino, American Indian, and Asian Pacific American Identity DevelopmentTheres more than just Black and White, you know. Identity Development in Multiracial FamiliesBut dont the children suffer? Breaking The Silence Embracing a Cross-Racial DialogueWe were struggling for the words.

1,562 citations