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Journal ArticleDOI

Pola komunikasi perempuan double burden dalam membentuk perilaku remaja di kecamatan selesai kabupaten langkat

TL;DR: In this paper , the authors used a descriptive qualitative research method with a phenomenological approach to understand the problem under study and concluded that the correct communication patterns mothers apply can shape positive adolescent behavior.
Abstract: Women who hold two roles at once, namely working while taking care of the household, need good time management to balance work affairs and build quality interactions with other family members. This research was conducted to determine how women's communication patterns with double burdens shape adolescent behavior. A descriptive qualitative research method with a phenomenological approach was used to understand the problem under study. The informants in this study were working mothers who had teenage children and lived in Selesai Subdistrict, Langkat Regency. The study found that some women with a double burden struggle to communicate with children. Regarding the application of communication patterns, it was found that mothers do not peg on one communication pattern only but use several communication patterns tailored to each purpose and benefit but tend to lead to one of the dominant communication patterns. It can be concluded that the correct communication patterns mothers apply can shape positive adolescent behavior.

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Journal ArticleDOI
28 Jan 2019
TL;DR: Rentang usia remaja adalah 10 tahun sampai 21 Tahun menurut beberapa ahli as mentioned in this paper, where remaja sering mengalami tekanan untuk mengikuti teman sebaya atau ying disebut konformitas ( conformity) yang sangat kuat.
Abstract: Rentang usia remaja adalah 10 tahun sampai 21 tahun menurut beberapa ahli. Fase remaja adalah fase peralihan dari fase anak-anak menuju masa dewasa. Karakteristik yang bisa dilihat adalah adanya banyak perubahan yang terjadi baik itu perubahan fisik maupun psikis. Perubahan fisik yang dapat dilihat adalah perubahan pada karakteristik seksual seperti pembesaran buah dada, perkembangan pinggang untuk anak perempuan sedangkan anak laki-laki tumbuhnya kumis, jenggot serta perubahan suara yang semakin dalam. Perubahan mentalpun mengalami perkembangan. Pada fase ini pencapaian identitas diri sangat menonjol, pemikiran semakin logis, abstrak, dan idealistis. Periode ini disebut fase pubertas ( puberty) yaitu suatu periode dimana kematangan kerangka atau fisik tubuh seperti proporsi tubuh, berat dan tinggi badan mengalami perubahan serta kematanagan fungsi seksual yang terjadi secara pesat terutama pada awal masa remaja. Kebutuhan lain dari remaja adalah teman sebaya, dimana teman sebaya adalah sangat penting bagi remaja untuk mengenal dunia diluar keluarga. Namun dalam interaksinya, remaja sering mengalami tekanan untuk mengikuti teman sebaya atau yang disebut konformitas ( conformity ) yang sangat kuat. Konformitas ada yang positif dan negatif. Konformitas muncul ketika individu meniru sikap, atau tingkah laku orang lain dikarenakan ada tekanan nyata maupun yang tidak nyata. Perilaku remaja yang menyimpang seperti berbuat onar, mencuri dan lain lain perlu mendapat perhatian khusus bagi orangtua, guru dan pemerhati pendidikan. Pertentangan dan pemberontakan adalah bagian alamiah dari kebutuhan para remaja untuk menjadi dewasa yang mandiri dan peka secara emosional

80 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
12 Aug 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors found that the relationship between parents' parenting and delinquency behavior was carried out by teenagers, and they also pointed out that parents have an important role in preventing juvenile delinquency.
Abstract: Di era ini, kenakalan remaja sudah sangat sering terjadi. Kenakalan remaja adalah suatu perbuatan yang melanggar norma aturan dan tata hukum masyarakat yang di lakukan pada usia remaja atau transisi dari masa anak-anak ke dewasa. Perilaku yang menyimpang dari norma hukum pidana yang dilakukan oleh remaja merupakan problema yang sering terjadi pada remaja baik di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah, maupun masyarakat. Jika tidak ditangani dengan baik, kenakalan remaja dapat berubah menjadi perilaku criminal dan dapat membawa remaja tersebut ke dalam penjara. Bila ditelusuri secara mendalam perkembangan kejahatan remaja banyak di pengaruhi dari kehidupan keluarga dan masyarakat. Keluarga memiliki peranan penting dalam mencegah kenakalan remaja. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan keluarga untuk mencegah kenakalan remaja adalah dengan menggunakan pola asuh yang tepat. Pola asuh yang digunakan oleh orang tua memberikan pengaruh pada perilaku anak. Menurut hasil assessment di LPKA Sukamiskin, Bandung, ditemukan keterkaitan atau pengaruh antara pola asuh orang tua terhadap kenakalan dan perilaku criminal yang dilakukan oleh remaja. In this era, juvenile delinquency is very common. Juvenile delinquency is an act that violates the norms and rules of law of society that are done in adolescence or the transition from childhood to adulthood. Behavior that deviates from criminal law norms committed by adolescents is a problem that often occurs in adolescents both in the family, school, and society. If not handled properly, juvenile delinquency can turn into criminal behavior and can bring the teenager into prison. When traced in depth the development of juvenile crime is influenced by family life and society. Family has an important role in preventing juvenile delinquency. One way that families can do to prevent juvenile delinquency is to use proper parenting. Parenting is used by parents to influence children's behavior. According to the results of the assessment at Sukamiskin LPKA, Bandung, it was found that the relationship between parents' parenting and delinquency behavior was carried out by teenagers.

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The MCSF test is useful for profiling adolescent rats but the behavioral interpretation differs from that of adults due to differences in behavioral manifestation during adolescence and the presence of natural subgroups.
Abstract: Adolescence is an important developmental phase with extensive changes in behavior due to remodeling of the brain and hormonal systems. Validation of animal behavioral tests in this age group is therefore of importance as differences to adult behavior are often not clarified. The aim of the present study was to investigate adolescent behavior in the multivariate concentric square fieldTM (MCSF) test and its relationship to other common behavioral tests as well as to a literature dataset of adult animals. Sixty adolescent male Wistar rats were tested in the MCSF and one of four reference tests; the elevated plus maze, the open field with or without start box, or the social play behavior test. Additionally, 12 animals were tested twice in the MCSF. When analyzing the first encounter with the MCSF test, a distinct grouping of the individuals into three behavioral types was observed. Approximately 20% of the animals had high levels of activity and an additional 20% had high levels of shelter seeking-behavior, these groups composed the outlying behavioral types named Explorers and Shelter seekers, respectively, which were distinct from the Main type of animals. When tested in the MCSF for a second time, the adolescent animals showed a recollection of the arena as they changed their behavior in relation to the first encounter. When comparing the MCSF performance to the reference tests, a relationship was found between the MCSF and the other behavioral test entailing forced exploration, while no relationship was found between the MCSF and social play. The adolescent behavioral profile was characterized by decreased risk assessment and a different activity profile than adults. In conclusion, the MCSF test is useful for profiling adolescent rats but the behavioral interpretation differs from that of adults due to differences in behavioral manifestation during adolescence and the presence of natural subgroups. Adolescent exploration shows a relationship across tests, but the MCSF gives more information than any of the other behavioral tests based on forced exploration. Further studies into the neurobiology behind the behavioral types and how different manipulations affect the distribution into the behavioral types are of interest.

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 2020-J3ea
TL;DR: Penelitian in this paper bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan pengaruh tingkat pendidikan orang tua terhadap pola asuh, pekerjaan orang orang terhadrap kemandirian anak, pola anak asuh terhadep kemandiri anak.
Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan pengaruh tingkat pendidikan orang tua terhadap pola asuh, pekerjaan orang tua terhadap pola asuh, tingkat pendidikan orang tua terhadap kemandirian anak, pekerjaan orang tua terhadap kemandirian anak, pola asuh terhadap kemandirian anak, tingkat pendidikan orangtua melalui pola asuh terhadap kemandirian anak, dan pekerjaan orang tua melalui pola asuh terhadap kemandirian anak Sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan simple random sampling sebanyak 212 orang orang tua dan anak Pengolahan data dilakukan melalui bantuan komputer program IBM SPSS versi 240 Hasil penelitian: Ada pengaruh langsung: (1) Tingkat pendidikan orangtua terhadap pola asuh di TK Gugus Kecamatan Alalak (2) Pekerjaan orangtua terhadap pola asuh di TK Kecamatan Alalak (3) Tingkat pendidikan orangtua terhadap kemandirian anak di TK Kecamatan Alalak (4) Pekerjaan orangtua terhadap kemandirian anak di TK Kecamatan Alalak (5) Pola asuh terhadap kemandiran anak di TK Kecamatan Alalak Tidak ada pengaruh tidak langsung (6) Tingkat pendidikan orangtua terhadap kemandirian anak melalui pola asuh di TK Kecamatan Alalak (7) Pekerjaan orangtua terhadap kemandirian anak melalui pola asuh di TK Kecamatan Alalak

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
10 Apr 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the impact of working and non-working mothers on the development of their children has been studied based on impact of the working mothers on their children's behavioral development, attitude building and learning.
Abstract: Parenting is the important responsibility that is considered as backbone of child's success. In Indian society child rearing is considered as the responsibility of mothers. This responsibility is till adolescent age of child which is considered very critical if not given proper care. Thus supervision of mother for child's behavioral development, attitude building and learning are key factors which mother are required to emphasize on. The study is based on impact of working and non-working mothers on development of their children keeping in consideration all these factors. Proper and fulltime supervision by non working mothers help children to properly learn and develop positive attitude. Working mothers are able to fulfill not only the financial needs of their children but also are able to inculcate self decision making due to less supervision and make their children more confident. The study is targeted to both working and non-working moms on gender attitude and social learning, behavioral factors and domestic engagement to 600 mothers in Madhya Pradesh. Regression analysis shows that there is there is positive impact of all these factors on child's well being. The education of mother also plays important role in gender attitude, social learning and domestic engagement. Thus working women are found to have positive impact on their children's well being as compared to non-working mothers.

6 citations