Political Economies of Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean: The Decline of Venice and the Rise of England, 1450–1700
05 May 2015-
TL;DR: Fusaro et al. as discussed by the authors studied the economic relationship between Venice and England during the period 1450-1700 and demonstrated how Venice's social, political and economic circumstances shaped the English mercantile community in unique ways.
Abstract: Against the backdrop of England's emergence as a major economic power, the development of early modern capitalism in general and the transformation of the Mediterranean, Maria Fusaro presents a new perspective on the onset of Venetian decline. Examining the significant commercial relationship between these two European empires during the period 1450–1700, Fusaro demonstrates how Venice's social, political and economic circumstances shaped the English mercantile community in unique ways. By focusing on the commercial interaction between Venice and England, she also re-establishes the analysis of the maritime political economy as an essential constituent of the Venetian state political economy. This challenging interpretation of some classic issues of early modern history will be of profound interest to economic, social and legal historians, and provides a stimulating addition to current debates in imperial history, especially on the economic relationship between different empires and the socio-economic interaction between 'rulers and ruled'.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present the ASIAN TRADE REVOLUTION of the SEVENTEENTH CENTURY: the EAST INDIA COMPANIES and the DECLINE of the CARAVAN TRADE.
Abstract: (1981). THE ASIAN TRADE REVOLUTION OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY: THE EAST INDIA COMPANIES AND THE DECLINE OF THE CARAVAN TRADE. Ming Studies: Vol. 1981, No. 1, pp. 29-32.
02 May 2018
08 Jul 2019
25 Feb 2020
TL;DR: Wolynes et al. as mentioned in this paper explored how late medieval Venetian merchants developed unique mentalities about space, geography, time, and trust in their sense of identity and community.
Abstract: by Eve C. Wolynes In dissertation, I explore how late medieval Venetian merchants developed unique mentalities about space, geography, time, and trust in their sense of identity and community. The thirteenth to fifteenth centuries saw the advent of sedentary trade, wherein merchants lived abroad for longer periods of time than ever before, a transition away from travelling constantly with their wares. This transition, I argue, led them to become migrants who participated in and sustained long-distance networks and communities. I examine two types of “public” primary sources written by Venetian merchants between 1204 and 1453: Merchant manuals of comparing weights, measures, exchange rates and common goods sold between regions, organized geographically, and the crusade propaganda letters of Marino Sanudo Torsello. With these two genres, I explore how merchants interacted with others in their various long-distance communities both within and beyond merchants’ networks. As a result of that participation, they adopted new relations to communication and information
01 Jan 1972
TL;DR: Fernand Braudel as mentioned in this paper analizira poglavito udio sredine i gotovo nepomicnu povijest covjeka u njegovim odnosima s okolinom koja ga okružuje.
Abstract: U svom prvom svesku doktorske disertaciji najznacajniji francuski povjesnicar XX. st.Fernand Braudel analizira poglavito udio sredine i gotovo nepomicnu povijest covjeka u njegovim odnosima s okolinom koja ga okružuje.Poglavlja prvog dijela nose naslove "Poluotoci: planine, visoravni i ravnice" ; U srcu Sredozmlja mora i primorja ; Granice ili najsire Sredozemlje ; Fizicko jedinstvo: klima i povijest ; Ljudsko jedinstvo: putovi i gradovi, gradovi i putovi". Drugi dio knjige je naslovlje sa "Zajednicke sudbine i sveukupna kretanja" a sastoji se od 3 poglavlja: 1. Ekonomija: Mjerilo stoljeca ; 2. Privredne djelatnosti: plemenite kovine, novac i cijene ; 3. Privredne djelatnosti: trgovina i prijevoz.
•01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a multi-disciplinary perspective to study endogenous institutions and their dynamics, including the influence of the past, the ability of institutions to change, and the difficulty to study them empirically and devise a policy aimed at altering them.
Abstract: It is widely believed that current disparities in economic, political, and social outcomes reflect distinct institutions. Institutions are invoked to explain why some countries are rich and others poor, some democratic and others dictatorial. But arguments of this sort gloss over the question of what institutions are, how they come about, and why they persist. They also fail to explain why institutions are influenced by the past, why it is that they can sometimes change, why they differ so much from society to society, and why it is hard to study them empirically and devise a policy aimed at altering them. This 2006 book seeks to overcome these problems, which have exercised economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a host of other researchers who use the social sciences to study history, law, and business administration. It presents a multi-disciplinary perspective to study endogenous institutions and their dynamics.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze the transactions in which families have an advantage over other institutions and the conditions that make families of various types more or less efficient than alternative modes of transaction and the implications of family membership for transactions with others.
Abstract: The identity of the people engaged in a transaction is a major determinant of the institutional mode of transaction. The family is the locale of transactions in which identity dominates; however identity is also important in the market. The opportunity to reduce transaction costs by making specific investments in exchanges between identified parties affects the organization of social activity the division of labor and in particular the interaction between specialization by identity and by other dimensions of transactions. Economic and social development can be understood in terms of changes in the modes of transacting. Within this broad framework one can also analyze the transactions in which families have an advantage over other institutions the conditions that make families of various types more or less efficient than alternative modes of transaction and the implications of family membership for transactions with others. (authors)
01 Oct 1997
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the structure and practice of marketing activity and its expansion in the sixteenth-century growth of the market and the structure of credit networks in King's Lynn.
Abstract: Introduction: Deconstructing Capitalism PART I: ECONOMIC STRUCTURES The Sixteenth-Century Growth of the Market The Structure and Practice of Marketing Activity and its Expansion i) Communication and Bargaining and the Just Price ii) Urban Development Transactions on the Market iii) King's Lynn Wealth Categories The Structure of Credit Networks PART II: THE CULTURE OF CREDIT The Sociability of Credit and Commerce The Cultural Currency of Credit and the Construction of Reputation Doubts about Trust i) Tradesmen's and Merchants' Credit PART III: CREDIT AND ITS DISCONTENTS Disputes and Levels of Litigation i) Procedure in Urban Courts of Record ii) Levels of Litigation in Local Courts iii) Popular Participation in Litigation iv) Judgements in Local Courts Litigation and the Social Order: Debt and Downward Mobility i) Legal Process and the Loss of Credit ii) The Mutability of Wealth and Social Judgement iii) The Poor Conclusion: The Contractual Society Appendix I Appendix II Bibliography Index List of Tables List of Figures List of Maps Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations Notes on Dates
TL;DR: Curtin this article explores the trade between peoples of differing cultures through world history, extending from the ancient world to the coming of the commercial revolution, and discusses a broad and diverse group of trading relationships.
Abstract: A single theme is pursued in this book - the trade between peoples of differing cultures through world history. Extending from the ancient world to the coming of the commercial revolution, Professor Curtin's discussion encompasses a broad and diverse group of trading relationships. Drawing on insights from economic history and anthropology, Professor Curtin has attempted to move beyond a Europe-centred view of history, to one that can help us understand the entire range of societies in the human past. Examples have been chosen that illustrate the greatest variety of trading relationships between cultures. The opening chapters look at Africa, while subsequent chapters treat the ancient world, the Mediterranean trade with China, the Asian trade in the east, and European entry into the trade with maritime Asia, the Armenian trade carriers of the seventeenth century, and the North American fur trade. Wide-ranging in its concern and the fruit of exhaustive research, the book is nevertheless written so as to be accessible and stimulating to the specialist and the student alike.
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