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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2020.124701

Polyester microfiber and natural organic matter impact microbial communities, carbon-degraded enzymes, and carbon accumulation in a clayey soil.

Q.Q. Guo1, M.R. Xiao1, Y. Ma1, H. Niu1  +1 more
05 Mar 2021-Journal of Hazardous Materials (Elsevier)-Vol. 405, pp 124701
Abstract: Microplastics can alter microbial communities and enzymatic activities in soils. However, the influences of microplastics on soil carbon cycling which driven by microbial communities remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of polyester microfiber (PMF) and natural organic matter(OM)on soil microbial communities, carbon-degraded enzymes, and carbon accumulation through an incubation experiment. Our results showed that the addition of PMF increased the activities of soil cellulase and laccase but did not impact soil bacterial and fungal communities too much. However, the addition of OM largely altered soil microbial communities and the activities of carbon-degraded enzymes, then mitigated the PMF effects on the activities of soil cellulase and laccase. On the other hand, greater alpha diversity of bacterial community attached on PMF was observed than those in the surrounding soils. The interaction of PMF and OM increased the richness of bacterial community in soils and on PMF. More importantly, we observed that the accumulation of natural organic carbon in soils reduced with increasing PMF. Thus, our results provide valuable insights into the effects of microplastics on soil organic carbon dynamics and microbial communities, and further work is required to clarify the biochemical processes at the surface of microplastics.

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Topics: Soil carbon (56%), Microplastics (53%), Soil water (50%)
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.126221
Mouliang Xiao1, Muhammad Shahbaz2, Yun Liang3, Jian Yang1  +5 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: Microplastics (MPs) are a widespread pollutant in terrestrial ecosystems. However, knowledge on how MPs impact soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition and the priming effect (PE) in rice paddy soil remains limited. By employing a three-source-partitioning approach, we investigated the interactive impact of MP dosage (none, low [0.01% w/w] or high [1% w/w]), labile C (14C-labeled glucose), and 13C-labeled rice straw addition on SOM decomposition and PE. Compared to soil without C addition (i.e., control), total SOM-derived CO2 in low-MP soil declined by 13.2% and 7.1% after straw and glucose addition, respectively. Under combined glucose and rice straw addition, glucose-induced PE was up to 10 times stronger in the presence of low-MPs compared to that in high-MPs. However, glucose induced negative PE on rice straw decomposition in the presence of MPs. SOM decomposition was much higher under low MP dosage than under high MP dosage. However, MPs had a negligible effect on the mineralization of exogenous C substrate (glucose or straw). This study provides a novel and valuable insight on how MPs affect SOM turnover and C sequestration in paddy soil, highlighting the significance of interactions between environmental pollutants and biogeochemical processes that affect CO2 fluxes.

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Topics: Soil organic matter (58%), Mineralization (soil science) (53%), Straw (53%) ... show more

5 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.127364
Xueying Feng1, Quanlong Wang1, Yuhuan Sun1, Shuwu Zhang1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Microplastics (MPs) co-occur widely with diverse contaminants in soils. However, few data are available on their impacts on soil chemical and microbial properties of heavy metal-contaminated soils. For the first time, we investigated the changes in chemical and microbial properties of a Pb-Zn-contaminated soil as induced by six different MPs, including polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyamide (PA), polylactic acid (PLA), polybutylene succinate (PBS), and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), at two doses (0.2% and 2%, w/w). After 120 days of soil incubation, significant changes were observed in soil pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), NH4+-N, NO3−-N, available P, the availability of Zn and Pb, and the activities of soil enzymes. Overall, MPs especially at the dose of 2% decreased the richness and diversity of bacterial communities and altered microbial community composition, causing special enrichments of specific taxa. MPs increased predicted functional genes involved in xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism. Generally, impacts were dependent on MPs’ type and dose. Changes in soil properties and heavy metal availability had significant correlations with bacterial community diversity and composition. Our findings imply that MPs co-occurring with heavy metals may change metal mobility, soil fertility, and microbial diversity and functions, thus causing a potential threat to soil ecosystem multifunctionality.

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Topics: Soil fertility (60%), Soil pH (56%), Soil contamination (56%) ... show more

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.127405
Aurang Zeb1, Weitao Liu1, Lingzuo Meng2, Lingzuo Meng1  +6 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Microfibers (MFs) and cadmium (Cd) are widely distributed in soil ecosystems, posing a potential threat to soil biota. To explore potential risks of single MFs and in combination with Cd (co-PMFs/Cd) to soil environment, we systematically investigated the effects of PMFs and co-PMFs/Cd treatments on physio-biochemical performance and metabolomic profile of lettuce (Lactuca sativa), as well as the rhizospheric bacterial communities. Our results showed that both PMFs and co-PMFs/Cd treatments adversely disturbed the plant shoot length, photosynthetic, and chlorophyll content. Co-PMFs/Cd specifically increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes. The metabolites in lettuce leaf were significantly altered by PMFs and co-PMFs/Cd treatments. A significant reduction in the relative abundance of amino acids sugar and sugar alcohols indicated the altered nitrogen and carbohydrates related metabolic pathways. Additionally, PMFs and co-PMFs/Cd treatments altered the structure of rhizospheric bacterial communities and caused significant changes in some key beneficial/functional bacteria involved in the C, and N cycles. The present study provides a novel insight into the potential effects of PMFs on plant and rhizosphere bacterial communities and highlights that PMFs can threaten the terrestrial ecosystem and should be further explored in future research.

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Topics: Lactuca (52%)

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.126671
Q.Q. Guo1, M.R. Xiao1, G.S. Zhang1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Soilborne microplastics can persist for decades and their consequences are of growing concern. Therefore, it is important to explore the feasible approaches for eliminating microplastic effects on soil properties. Through an incubation experiment, we evaluate the effects of thermal treatment on physical properties, enzymatic activities and microbial communities in polyester-microfibers contaminated soils. The effects of polyester-microfiber levels (0%, 0.1%, 0.3% and 1.0% of soil dry weight) on soil properties were detected under not heated (PMF), heated (mPMF) and added with natural-organic-matters (OM) following heated (mPMF+OM) conditions. Our results showed that 1.0% mPMF soil had lower bulk density and higher mean weight diameter than 0% mPMF soil, akin to PMF soils. Meanwhile, great volumes of

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Topics: Soil water (52%)

2 Citations


References
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50 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/NAR/25.17.3389
Abstract: The BLAST programs are widely used tools for searching protein and DNA databases for sequence similarities. For protein comparisons, a variety of definitional, algorithmic and statistical refinements described here permits the execution time of the BLAST programs to be decreased substantially while enhancing their sensitivity to weak similarities. A new criterion for triggering the extension of word hits, combined with a new heuristic for generating gapped alignments, yields a gapped BLAST program that runs at approximately three times the speed of the original. In addition, a method is introduced for automatically combining statistically significant alignments produced by BLAST into a position-specific score matrix, and searching the database using this matrix. The resulting Position-Specific Iterated BLAST (PSIBLAST) program runs at approximately the same speed per iteration as gapped BLAST, but in many cases is much more sensitive to weak but biologically relevant sequence similarities. PSI-BLAST is used to uncover several new and interesting members of the BRCT superfamily.

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Topics: Substitution matrix (57%), Sequence database (54%), Sequence profiling tool (53%) ... show more

66,744 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMETH.F.303
11 Apr 2010-Nature Methods
Abstract: Supplementary Figure 1 Overview of the analysis pipeline. Supplementary Table 1 Details of conventionally raised and conventionalized mouse samples. Supplementary Discussion Expanded discussion of QIIME analyses presented in the main text; Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons; QIIME analysis notes; Expanded Figure 1 legend; Links to raw data and processed output from the runs with and without denoising.

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24,116 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/BIOINFORMATICS/BTQ461
01 Oct 2010-Bioinformatics
Abstract: Motivation: Biological sequence data is accumulating rapidly, motivating the development of improved high-throughput methods for sequence classification. Results: UBLAST and USEARCH are new algorithms enabling sensitive local and global search of large sequence databases at exceptionally high speeds. They are often orders of magnitude faster than BLAST in practical applications, though sensitivity to distant protein relationships is lower. UCLUST is a new clustering method that exploits USEARCH to assign sequences to clusters. UCLUST offers several advantages over the widely used program CD-HIT, including higher speed, lower memory use, improved sensitivity, clustering at lower identities and classification of much larger datasets. Availability: Binaries are available at no charge for non-commercial use at http://www.drive5.com/usearch Contact: [email protected] Supplementary information:Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

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14,591 Citations


Open access
D. W. Nelson1, Lee E. Sommers2Institutions (2)
03 Feb 1983-
Topics: Organic matter (73%), Carbon (68%)

11,091 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1128/AEM.03006-05
Todd Z. DeSantis1, Philip Hugenholtz2, Neils Larsen, Mark Rojas3  +6 moreInstitutions (6)
Abstract: A 16S rRNA gene database (http://greengenes.lbl.gov) addresses limitations of public repositories by providing chimera screening, standard alignment, and taxonomic classification using multiple published taxonomies. It was found that there is incongruent taxonomic nomenclature among curators even at the phylum level. Putative chimeras were identified in 3% of environmental sequences and in 0.2% of records derived from isolates. Environmental sequences were classified into 100 phylum-level lineages in the Archaea and Bacteria.

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Topics: Candidate division (50%)

8,458 Citations


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