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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1108/BPMJ-05-2020-0181

Process modeling for smart factories: using science mapping to understand the strategic themes, main challenges and future trends

04 Mar 2021-Business Process Management Journal (Emerald Publishing Limited)-Vol. 27, Iss: 5, pp 1391-1417
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the relationships between process modeling and Industry 4.0, the strategic themes and the most used process modeling language in smart factories. The study also presents the growth of the field of study worldwide, the perspectives, main challenges, trends and suggestions for future works. Design/methodology/approach: To do this, a science mapping was performed using the software SciMAT, supported by VOS viewer. Findings: The results show that the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN), Unified Modelling Language (UML) and Petri Net are the most relevant languages to smart manufacturing. The authors also highlighted the need to develop new languages or extensions capable of representing the dynamism, interoperability and multiple technologies of smart factories. Originality/value: It was possible to identify the most used process modeling languages in smart environments and understand how these languages assist control and manage smart processes. Besides, the authors highlighted challenges, new perspectives and the need for future works in the field.

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Topics: Business Process Model and Notation (58%), Process modeling (57%), Smart environment (56%) ... show more

8 results found

Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: Highlights - A framework for designing process querying methods is proposed - The framework is positioned for broader Process Analytics and Business Intelligence - The framework is grounded in use cases from the Business Process Management field - The framework is informed by and validated via a systematic literature review - The framework structures the state of the art and points to gaps in existing research Abstract The volume of process-related data is growing rapidly: more and more business operations are being supported and monitored by information systems. Industry 4.0 and the corresponding industrial Internet of Things are about to generate new waves of process-related data, next to the abundance of event data already present in enterprise systems. However, organizations often fail to convert such data into strategic and tactical intelligence. This is due to the lack of dedicated technologies that are tailored to effectively manage the information on processes encoded in process models and process execution records. Process-related information is a core organizational asset which requires dedicated analytics to unlock its full potential. This paper proposes a framework for devising process querying methods, i.e., techniques for the (automated) management of repositories of designed and executed processes, as well as models that describe relationships between processes. The framework is composed of generic components that can be configured to create a range of process querying methods. The motivation for the framework stems from use cases in the field of Business Process Management. The design of the framework is informed by and validated via a systematic literature review. The framework structures the state of the art and points to gaps in existing research. Process querying methods need to address these gaps to better support strategic decision-making and provide the next generation of Business Intelligence platforms.

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Topics: Business process management (65%), Business intelligence (63%), Analytics (60%) ... show more

56 Citations

Open accessJournal Article
01 Jan 2016-Emisa Forum
Abstract: Many organizations use business process models to document business operations and formalize business requirements in software-engineering projects. The Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN), a specification by the Object Management Group, has evolved into the leading standard for process modeling. One challenge is BPMN's complexity: it offers a huge variety of elements and often several representational choices for the same semantics. This raises the question of how well modelers can deal with these choices. Empirical insights into BPMN use from the practitioners' perspective are still missing. To close this gap, researchers analyzed 585 BPMN 2.0 process models from six companies. They found that split and join representations, message flow, the lack of proper model decomposition, and labeling related to quality issues. They give five specific recommendations on how to avoid these issues.

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36 Citations

Open accessPosted ContentDOI: 10.20944/PREPRINTS202107.0099.V1
05 Jul 2021-
Abstract: Gender and identity issues permeate society as a whole. Therefore, the matters involving transgender individuals should be analised in order to understand the difficulties experienced by this population and the social practices implemented. In this sense, the objective of this study was to investigate the strategic themes and their evolution in relation to the theme. For this, a bibliometric performance and network analysis (BPNA) was carried out with the existing data in the Web of Science database between 1954 and march 2021. Twenty-three thousand and four hundred and seventy-one (23,471) articles were identified, which were included in the SciMAT software to perform a bibliometric analysis, resulting in the graph of the thematic evolution structure and the strategic diagram, in which 8 motor themes and a cross-cutting theme of great magnitude are highlighted, which are discussed in depth. The results show the relation between the transgender theme and gender, identity, sexual orientation, hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgery. It is concluded that, despite the large number of associated researches, some areas of study are still incipient, such as the inclusion of transgender people in the formal labor market and in the prison context, thus opening field for further studies.

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Topics: Transgender (68%), Transsexual (63%), Population (57%) ... show more

1 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.COLA.2021.101053
01 Oct 2021-
Abstract: The fourth industrial revolution introduces changes in traditional manufacturing systems and creates basis for a lot-size-one production. The complexity of production processes is significantly increased, alongside the need to enable efficient process simulation, execution, monitoring, real-time decision making and control. The main goal of our research is to define a methodological approach and a software solution in which the Model-Driven (MD) principles and Domain-Specific Modeling Languages (DSMLs) are used to create a framework for the formal description and automatic execution of production processes. In that way production process models are used as central artifacts to manage the production. In this paper, we analyze production process modeling domain and present a DSML which can be used to create production process models suitable for automatic generation of executable code. The generated code is used for automatic execution of production processes within a simulation or a shop floor. The language can be used to specify errors that may occur during the process execution and to specify error handling and corrective steps, too. The DSML is evaluated by different groups of users and the evaluation results are presented. Both the DSML and the accompanying modeling tool are still in the prototype phase, as they are created and evaluated in use cases covering just the assembly of goods. To enable wider application of the language and the tool, it is required to have additional use cases from different manufacturing domains.

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Topics: Modeling language (61%), Executable (55%), Use case (54%) ... show more

1 Citations


157 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MFGLET.2014.12.001
Jay Lee1, Behrad Bagheri1, Hung-An Kao1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Recent advances in manufacturing industry has paved way for a systematical deployment of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), within which information from all related perspectives is closely monitored and synchronized between the physical factory floor and the cyber computational space. Moreover, by utilizing advanced information analytics, networked machines will be able to perform more efficiently, collaboratively and resiliently. Such trend is transforming manufacturing industry to the next generation, namely Industry 4.0. At this early development phase, there is an urgent need for a clear definition of CPS. In this paper, a unified 5-level architecture is proposed as a guideline for implementation of CPS.

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Topics: Cyber-physical system (60%), Industry 4.0 (55%), Analytics (52%)

2,716 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S00778-007-0044-3
01 Jul 2007-
Abstract: Service-oriented architectures (SOA) is an emerging approach that addresses the requirements of loosely coupled, standards-based, and protocol- independent distributed computing. Typically business operations running in an SOA comprise a number of invocations of these different components, often in an event-driven or asynchronous fashion that reflects the underlying business process needs. To build an SOA a highly distributable communications and integration backbone is required. This functionality is provided by the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) that is an integration platform that utilizes Web services standards to support a wide variety of communications patterns over multiple transport protocols and deliver value-added capabilities for SOA applications. This paper reviews technologies and approaches that unify the principles and concepts of SOA with those of event-based programing. The paper also focuses on the ESB and describes a range of functions that are designed to offer a manageable, standards-based SOA backbone that extends middleware functionality throughout by connecting heterogeneous components and systems and offers integration services. Finally, the paper proposes an approach to extend the conventional SOA to cater for essential ESB requirements that include capabilities such as service orchestration, "intelligent" routing, provisioning, integrity and security of message as well as service management. The layers in this extended SOA, in short xSOA, are used to classify research issues and current research activities.

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Topics: SOA governance (69%), OASIS SOA Reference Model (66%), Service-oriented architecture (62%) ... show more

2,006 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S12599-014-0334-4
Heiner Lasi1, Peter Fettke, Hans-Georg Kemper1, Thomas Feld  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
19 Jun 2014-
Topics: Heavy industry (75%), Industry 4.0 (53%)

1,750 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.RCIM.2011.07.002
Xun Xu1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Cloud computing is changing the way industries and enterprises do their businesses in that dynamically scalable and virtualized resources are provided as a service over the Internet. This model creates a brand new opportunity for enterprises. In this paper, some of the essential features of cloud computing are briefly discussed with regard to the end-users, enterprises that use the cloud as a platform, and cloud providers themselves. Cloud computing is emerging as one of the major enablers for the manufacturing industry; it can transform the traditional manufacturing business model, help it to align product innovation with business strategy, and create intelligent factory networks that encourage effective collaboration. Two types of cloud computing adoptions in the manufacturing sector have been suggested, manufacturing with direct adoption of cloud computing technologies and cloud manufacturing-the manufacturing version of cloud computing. Cloud computing has been in some of key areas of manufacturing such as IT, pay-as-you-go business models, production scaling up and down per demand, and flexibility in deploying and customizing solutions. In cloud manufacturing, distributed resources are encapsulated into cloud services and managed in a centralized way. Clients can use cloud services according to their requirements. Cloud users can request services ranging from product design, manufacturing, testing, management, and all other stages of a product life cycle.

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Topics: Cloud manufacturing (79%), Cloud computing (72%), Cloud computing security (70%) ... show more

1,370 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.PROCIR.2014.02.001
Jay Lee1, Hung An Kao1, Shanhu Yang1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2014-Procedia CIRP
Abstract: Today, in an Industry 4.0 factory, machines are connected as a collaborative community. Such evolution requires the utilization of advance- prediction tools, so that data can be systematically processed into information to explain uncertainties, and thereby make more “informed” decisions. Cyber-Physical System-based manufacturing and service innovations are two inevitable trends and challenges for manufacturing industries. This paper addresses the trends of manufacturing service transformation in big data environment, as well as the readiness of smart predictive informatics tools to manage big data, thereby achieving transparency and productivity.

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Topics: Big data (58%), Analytics (57%), Industry 4.0 (55%) ... show more

1,229 Citations

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