# Project financing risk assessment based on ACO and SVM

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### Cites methods from "Project financing risk assessment b..."

...The ensemble SVM was also optimized with Ant Colony Optimization (Jinyu and Xin, 2009 and Acevedo et al., 2006)) to select the parameters of SVM automatically and that proved to be effective....

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...Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is a metaheuristic algorithm that uses the idea exhibited in an ant colony to find the shorted path from a food source to the nest through pheromone information without employing any visual cues....

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##### References

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### "Project financing risk assessment b..." refers background in this paper

...Subject to i (5) ( ) 1 We can search the nonnegative Lagrange multipliers by solving the following optimization problem,...

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### "Project financing risk assessment b..." refers background in this paper

...The transition rule is arg max , , ijp Tanslate to the solution of jj else Not (2) Pheromone updating rule: The pheromone updating rule of the solution j is defined as follow: 1 ( 1) ( ) , 1, 2, , m k j j j k t t j n (3) , 1, 2, , 0, k k j jk j k j QL L j n L Where, kj denotes the pheromone increase of the solution j ; kjL denotes the changing value of the objective function; denotes the pheromone maintenance; Q denotes the pheromone intensity that the ant leaves....

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..., ij p Tanslate to the solution of j j else Not (2)...

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