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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/17430437.2019.1673369

Promoting the social inclusion of players with intellectual disabilities: an assessment tool for sport coaches

04 Mar 2021-Sport in Society (Informa UK Limited)-Vol. 24, Iss: 3, pp 430-439
Abstract: Including people with intellectual disability in sport is a challenge for coaches and particularly the inclusion of these players alongside non-disabled peers. Drawing initially on the experiences ...

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1352/2326-6988-7.4.234
01 Dec 2019-
Abstract: Sport can be a means for promoting social inclusion but to date, the perspectives of participants have been rarely sought. Focus groups interviews were held with 6 Special Olympic, Unified...

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7 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/17430437.2020.1799979
03 Aug 2021-Sport in Society
Abstract: In the United Kingdom, recent research documents an over-representation of White participants, coaches, and decision makers within sporting contexts. In contrast Black, Asian and minority ethnic (B...

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Topics: Ethnic group (52%), White (horse) (50%)

6 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/IJERPH18052540
Piritta Asunta, Pauli Rintala1, Florian Pochstein2, Nelli Lyyra1  +1 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Sport has been promoted as a means of increasing the social inclusion of persons with intellectual disabilities. Suitable tools for evaluating this claim are not readily available. The aim of this study was to develop a self-report tool for use by people with intellectual disabilities regarding the social inclusion they experience in sport and in the community. A three-phase process was used. In the first phase an item bank of questionnaire items was created and field-tested with 111 participants. Initial factor analysis identified 42 items which were further evaluated in Phase 2 with 941 participants from six European countries. Construct validity was established first through Exploratory and then Confirmatory factor analysis. These analyses identified ten items relating to inclusion in sports and ten to inclusion in local communities. A third phase checked the usability and test-retest reliability of the short form with a further 228 participants. In all, 1280 athletes and non-disabled partners were involved from eight countries. This short social inclusion questionnaire has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure for use transnationally. Further psychometric properties remain to be tested; notably its sensitivity to change resulting from interventions aimed at promoting social inclusion.

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Topics: Inclusion (education) (56%), Item bank (55%), Confirmatory factor analysis (54%) ... read more

3 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CCS.2021.100398
Abstract: The inclusion of people with intellectual disability in cultural and civic activities is an important point for discussion, particularly in the context of supporting the social sustainability of our local communities and cities. In line with a human rights approach to disability and inclusion, local governments and community organisations are poised to play a pivotal role in the inclusion of people with intellectual disability. Using PRISMA-P guidelines, we undertook a scoping review of local inclusion building initiatives in Australia and comparative international countries that helped connect people with intellectual disability with their local council and community. We also examined what role people with intellectual disability played in the assessment and evaluation of these resources in the literature. We analysed the initiative outcomes discussed in the included papers across the five themes outlined in framework for Building Inclusive Cities (Broadband & Keiran 2019) and through the lens of Simplican et al.’s (2015) framework for community participation. Participation-building initiatives that were investigated included more general community groups, specific community groups (Men's Shed, Unified Sports teams), dog walking, peer advocacy, community conversation and community mentorship. One out of the 11 studies reported an inclusive research methodology (Power, Bartlett, & Hall, 2016). Analysis of the results offers opportunities to consider the ways in which the personal preferences of people with intellectual disability can be interwoven with structure and levels of participation to improve social inclusion in their local communities.

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1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/17430437.2021.1981293
Florian Pochstein1, Roy McConkey2Institutions (2)
06 Oct 2021-Sport in Society
Abstract: A crucial of aim of Special Olympics (SO) is the promotion of social inclusion for persons with intellectual disability (ID). A transnational study had devised an easy-to-use, instrument to obtain ...

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Open access
01 Jan 2013-
Abstract: At this session, an esteemed panel of speakers discuss: • How has Canada committed to the equality and full social inclusion of persons with disabilities? • Are persons with disabilities enjoying the rights guaranteed by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities? • What does the Convention mean for Nova Scotians with disabilities, and how can we ensure an inclusive and accessible Nova Scotia?

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2,194 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1136/BJSPORTS-2011-090236
Nora Shields1, Anneliese Synnot1, Megan Barr1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Aim The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity among children with disability. Methods 10 electronic databases were searched from the earliest time available to September 2010 to identify relevant articles. Articles were included if they examined the barriers or facilitators to physical activity for children with disability and were written in English. Articles were excluded if they included children with an acute, transient or chronic medical condition, examined sedentary leisure activities, or societal participation in general. Two reviewers independently assessed the search yields, extracted the data and assessed trial quality. Data were analysed descriptively. Results 14 articles met the inclusion criteria. Barriers included lack of knowledge and skills, the child9s preferences, fear, parental behaviour, negative attitudes to disability, inadequate facilities, lack of transport, programmes and staff capacity, and cost. Facilitators included the child9s desire to be active, practising skills, involvement of peers, family support, accessible facilities, proximity of location, better opportunities, skilled staff and information. Conclusion Personal, social, environmental, and policy and programme-related barriers and facilitators influence the amount of activity children with disability undertake. The barriers to physical activity have been studied more comprehensively than the facilitators.

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272 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.DHJO.2008.11.004
Amy E. Bodde1, Dong-Chul Seo1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Background There is a higher prevalence of sedentary behavior among adults with intellectual disability (ID) compared to the general population. The majority of research on this topic has focused on assessing physical activity (PA) levels and there are relatively few studies addressing barriers to PA (including exercise) in this population. Objective It is important to analyze the PA barriers faced by adults with ID in order to develop and implement intervention programs. Methods A systematic research review was conducted to analyze the barriers to PA for adults with ID. Original research articles published after 1980 with primary intention of identifying PA determinants of age 18+ adults with ID were included. Results In total, 837 citations were returned, and after screening for repeated articles and inclusion criteria, 7 were included in the analysis. The primary barriers that reoccurred throughout the papers were transportation issues, financial limitations and lack of awareness of options. Other salient barriers included negative supports from caregivers and authority figures (e.g. teachers, coaches and parents) and lack of clear policies for engaging in regular activity in residential and day service programs. Conclusion This study reveals clear barriers to PA to target. Of primary importance is the development of policies among agencies that serve individuals with ID that could help minimize transportation, financial, policy and educational barriers, which are more modifiable than negative supports.

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Topics: Population (52%), Intellectual disability (50%)

141 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1123/TSP.26.1.122
01 Mar 2012-Sport Psychologist
Abstract: This research was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. The purposes of this study were to examine how coaching context and level of coaching education were related to coaching efficacy and, subsequently, how coaching efficacy was related to perceived leadership behaviors in youth sports. One hundred and seventy-two youth sport coaches completed the Coaching Efficacy Scale and Revised Leadership Scale for Sports. Structural equation modeling revealed that coach education significantly affected the multidimensional construct of coaching efficacy whereas coaching context did not. Coaching efficacy predicted perceived leadership behaviors comprising training and instruction, positive feedback, social support, and situational consideration. These findings question the issue of coaching efficacy as a factor that may distinguish between coaches at different organizational contexts but highlight the importance of coach education training for improving coaching efficacy in youth sport.

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Topics: Coaching (72%), Shared leadership (65%), Leadership Scale (53%) ... read more

67 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/17430437.2011.614770
07 Dec 2011-Sport in Society
Abstract: Little is known of sport in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities, but emerging evidence suggests that it provides the same benefits as for people without disabilities. Historically, people with intellectual disabilities have been on the periphery of society, including learning in separate classrooms, and sport has served as a portal into the mainstream. Since its inception in 1968, Special Olympics has been at the forefront in providing opportunities for sport participation and has grown to serve nearly three million people with intellectual disabilities in over 180 countries. Special Olympics has been an engine of change to provide opportunities for individuals with intellectual disabilities to be visible in society and has actively promoted their inclusion through Unified Sports and Camp Shriver programming. The value of these inclusive programmes is explored in terms of the connection they provide among and between individuals with intellectual disabilities, their families and the surroun...

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Topics: Universal design (62%), Inclusion (education) (61%)

57 Citations