scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Propagator for a spin–Bose system with the Bose field coupled to a reservoir of harmonic oscillators

13 May 2003-Journal of Physics A (IOP Publishing)-Vol. 36, Iss: 21, pp 5787-5802
TL;DR: In this article, the authors considered the general problem of a single two-level atom interacting with a multimode radiation field (without the rotating-wave approximation), and additionally took the field to be coupled to a thermal reservoir.
Abstract: We consider the general problem of a single two-level atom interacting with a multimode radiation field (without the rotating-wave approximation), and additionally take the field to be coupled to a thermal reservoir. Using the method of bosonization of the spin operators in the Hamiltonian, and working in the Bargmann representation for all the boson operators, we obtain the propagator for the composite system using the techniques of functional integration, under a reasonable approximation scheme. The propagator is explicitly evaluated for a simplified version of the system with one spin and a dynamically coupled single-mode field. The results are also checked on the known problem of quantum Brownian motion.
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the open quantum system of a two-level atom, or equivalently, a spin-1/2 system, in interaction with quantum reservoirs of either oscillators or spins, under the QND condition of the Hamiltonian of the system commuting with the system-reservoir interaction.
Abstract: In the scheme of a quantum nondemolition (QND) measurement, an observable is measured without perturbing its evolution. In the context of studies of decoherence in quantum computing, we examine the `open' quantum system of a two-level atom, or equivalently, a spin-1/2 system, in interaction with quantum reservoirs of either oscillators or spins, under the QND condition of the Hamiltonian of the system commuting with the system-reservoir interaction. For completeness, we also examine the well-known non-QND spin-Bose problem. For all these many-body systems, we use the methods of functional integration to work out the propagators. The propagators for the QND Hamiltonians are shown to be analogous to the squeezing and rotation operators, respectively, for the two kinds of baths considered. Squeezing and rotation being both phase space area-preserving canonical transformations, this brings out an interesting connection between the energy-preserving QND Hamiltonians and the homogeneous linear canonical transformations.

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the propagators for the QND Hamiltonians are shown to be analogous to the squeezing and rotation operators, respectively, for the two kinds of baths considered, which brings out an interesting connection between the energy-preserving non-degradation Hamiltonians and the homogeneous linear canonical transformations.
Abstract: In the scheme of a quantum nondemolition (QND) measurement, an observable is measured without perturbing its evolution. In the context of studies of decoherence in quantum computing, we examine the 'open' quantum system of a two-level atom or, equivalently, a spin-1/2 system, in interaction with quantum reservoirs of either oscillators or spins, under the QND condition of the Hamiltonian of the system commuting with the system–reservoir interaction. For completeness, we also examine the well-known non-QND spin-Bose problem. For all these many-body systems, we use the methods of functional integration to work out the propagators. The propagators for the QND Hamiltonians are shown to be analogous to the squeezing and rotation operators, respectively, for the two kinds of baths considered. Squeezing and rotation being both phase-space area-preserving canonical transformations, this brings out an interesting connection between the energy-preserving QND Hamiltonians and the homogeneous linear canonical transformations.

8 citations

01 Jan 2005

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, it is shown for Boltzmann diatomic molecular gas with some model intermolecular potentials that the zeroth-order approximation of the proposed method interpolates the thermodynamic values with rather good accuracy in the entire range of both the Hamiltonian parameters and temperature.
Abstract: Operator method and cumulant expansion are used for nonperturbative calculation of the partition function and the free energy in quantum statistics. It is shown for Boltzmann diatomic molecular gas with some model intermolecular potentials that the zeroth-order approximation of the proposed method interpolates the thermodynamic values with rather good accuracy in the entire range of both the Hamiltonian parameters and temperature. The systematic procedure for calculation of the corrections to the zeroth-order approximation is also considered.

5 citations

References
More filters
Book
01 Oct 1988
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a collection of useful formulas besides those related to angular momentum, and compare different notations used by previous authors, and present results relating to different aspects of the angular momentum theory.
Abstract: Containing basic definitions and theorems as well as relations, tables of formulas and numerical tables which are essential for applications to many physical problems, the book is useful for specialists in nuclear and particle physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, plasma physics, collision and reaction theory, quantum chemistry, etc. The authors write many formulas in different coordinate systems. Each chapter opens with a list of its contents. New results relating to different aspects of the angular momentum theory are included. This book gathers together many useful formulas besides those related to angular momentum, and compares different notations used by previous authors.

3,987 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a formalism has been developed, using Feynman's space-time formulation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics whereby the behavior of a system of interest, which is coupled to other external quantum systems, may be calculated in terms of its own variables only.

2,288 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors apply the influence-functional method of Feynman and Vernon to the study of Brownian motion at arbitrary temperature and obtain an explicit expression for the time evolution of the complete density matrix ϱ(x, x, x′, t) when the system starts in a particular kind of pure state.
Abstract: We apply the influence-functional method of Feynman and Vernon to the study of Brownian motion at arbitrary temperature. By choosing a specific model for the dissipative interaction of the system of interest with its environment, we are able to evaluate the influence functional in closed form and express it in terms of a few parameters such as the phenomenological viscosity coefficient. We show that in the limit h→0 the results obtained from the influence functional formalism reduce to the classical Fokker-Planck equation. In the case of a simple harmonic oscillator with arbitrarily strong damping and at arbitrary temperature, we obtain an explicit expression for the time evolution of the complete density matrix ϱ(x, x′, t) when the system starts in a particular kind of pure state. We compare our results with those of other approaches to the problem of dissipation in quantum mechanics.

2,198 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the quantum mechanical dynamics of a particle coupled to a heat bath is treated by functional integral methods and a generalization of the Feynman-Vernon influence functional is derived.

880 citations