# Random walks on cubic lattices with bond disorder

01 Dec 1986-Journal of Statistical Physics (Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers)-Vol. 45, Iss: 5, pp 1001-1030

TL;DR: In this article, the authors apply the methods of kinetic theory to obtain systematic expansions of dc and ac transport properties in powers of the impurity concentration c. The method is applied to a hopping model on a d-dimensional cubic lattice having two types of bonds with conductivity sigma and sigma/sub 0/ = 1, with concentrations c and 1-c, respectively.

Abstract: The authors consider diffusive systems with static disorder, such as Lorentz gases, lattice percolation, ants in a labyrinth, termite problems, random resistor networks, etc. In the case of diluted randomness the authors can apply the methods of kinetic theory to obtain systematic expansions of dc and ac transport properties in powers of the impurity concentration c. The method is applied to a hopping model on a d-dimensional cubic lattice having two types of bonds with conductivity sigma and sigma/sub 0/ = 1, with concentrations c and 1-c, respectively. For the square lattice the authors explicitly calculate the diffusion coefficient D(c,sigma) as a function of c, to O(c/sup 2/) terms included for different ratios of the bond conductivity sigma. The probability of return at long times is given by P/sub 0/(t) approx. (4..pi..D(c,sigma)t)/sup -d/2/, which is determined by the diffusion coefficient of the disordered system.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review of continuous-time random walk theory for diffusion of single particles on lattices with frozen-in disorder, including models with regular transition rates and irregular lattices.

835 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors review theoretical and experimental studies of the AC dielectric response of inhomogeneous materials, modelled as bond percolation networks, with a binary (conductor-dielectric) distribution of bond conductances.

Abstract: We review theoretical and experimental studies of the AC dielectric response of inhomogeneous materials, modelled as bond percolation networks, with a binary (conductor-dielectric) distribution of bond conductances. We first summarize the key results of percolation theory, concerning mostly geometrical and static (DC) transport properties, with emphasis on the scaling properties of the critical region around the percolation threshold. The frequency-dependent (AC) response of a general binary model is then studied by means of various approaches, including the effective-medium approximation, a scaling theory of the critical region, numerical computations using the transfer-matrix algorithm, and several exactly solvable deterministic fractal models. Transient regimes, related to singularities in the complex-frequency plane, are also investigated. Theoretical predictions are made more explicit in two specific cases, namely R-C and RL-C networks, and compared with a broad variety of experimental resul...

562 citations

01 Jan 2011

27 citations

### Cites background from "Random walks on cubic lattices with..."

...However, such equations also emerge in their own right as natural models in a broad range of applications: random walks [32], analyzing the...

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...3) or variations of them appear directly in models of random walks [32], in analyzing the Ising model, in determining vibration modes of crystals, and in modeling QCD [23, 67]....

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TL;DR: The current paper demonstrates that this procedure can be extended to elliptic difference equations defined on infinite lattices, or on finite lattice with boundary conditions of either Dirichlet or Neumann type.

18 citations

### Cites background from "Random walks on cubic lattices with..."

...3) or variations of them appear directly in models of random walks [1], in analyzing the Ising model, in determining vibration modes of crystals, and in modelling QCD [2, 3]....

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TL;DR: For random walks on two and three-dimensional cubic lattices, numerical results are obtained for the static,D(∞), and time-dependent diffusion coefficientD(t), as well as for the velocity autocorrelation function (VACF) as discussed by the authors.

Abstract: For random walks on two- and three-dimensional cubic lattices, numerical results are obtained for the static,D(∞), and time-dependent diffusion coefficientD(t), as well as for the velocity autocorrelation function (VACF). The results cover all times and include linear and quadratic terms in the density expansions. Within the context of kinetic theory this is the only model in two and three dimensions for which the time-dependent transport properties have been calculated explicitly, including the long-time tails.

15 citations

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01 Jan 1943TL;DR: Combinations involving trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and power 5 Indefinite Integrals of Special Functions 6 Definite Integral Integral Functions 7.Associated Legendre Functions 8 Special Functions 9 Hypergeometric Functions 10 Vector Field Theory 11 Algebraic Inequalities 12 Integral Inequality 13 Matrices and related results 14 Determinants 15 Norms 16 Ordinary differential equations 17 Fourier, Laplace, and Mellin Transforms 18 The z-transform

Abstract: 0 Introduction 1 Elementary Functions 2 Indefinite Integrals of Elementary Functions 3 Definite Integrals of Elementary Functions 4.Combinations involving trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and power 5 Indefinite Integrals of Special Functions 6 Definite Integrals of Special Functions 7.Associated Legendre Functions 8 Special Functions 9 Hypergeometric Functions 10 Vector Field Theory 11 Algebraic Inequalities 12 Integral Inequalities 13 Matrices and related results 14 Determinants 15 Norms 16 Ordinary differential equations 17 Fourier, Laplace, and Mellin Transforms 18 The z-transform

27,354 citations

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4,700 citations

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IBM

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, an extension of percolation theory to treat transport is described, and a general expression for the conductance of such networks is derived, which relates to the spin-stiffness coefficient of dilute ferromagnet.

Abstract: Extensions of percolation theory to treat transport are described. Resistor networks, from which resistors are removed at random, provide the natural generalization of the lattice models for which percolation thresholds and percolation probabilities have previously been considered. The normalized conductance, $G$, of such networks proves to be a sharply defined quantity with a characteristic concentration dependence near threshold which appears sensitive only to dimensionality. Numerical results are presented for several families of $3D$ and $2D$ network models. Except close to threshold, the models based on bond percolation are accurately described by a simple effective medium theory, which can also treat continuous media or situations less drastic than the percolation models, for example, materials in which local conductivity has a continuous distribution of values. The present calculations provide the first quantitative test of this theory. A "Green's function" derivation of the effective medium theory, which makes contact with similar treatments of disordered alloys, is presented. Finally, a general expression for the conductance of a percolation model is obtained which relates $G$ to the spin-stiffness coefficient, $D$, of an appropriately defined model dilute ferromagnet. We use this relationship to argue that the "percolation channels" through which the current flows above threshold must be regarded as three dimensional.

4,342 citations