Rational construction of multifunctional hydrophilic coatings with sustainable anti-fogging, UV-shielding and anti-freezing abilities
01 Mar 2023-Chemical Engineering Journal (Chemical Engineering Journal)-Vol. 459, pp 141605-141605
TL;DR: In this paper , a hydrophilic coating with long-lasting anti-fogging, anti-freezing, and anti-aging properties was rationally prepared by constructing a double-layer structure.
About: This article is published in Chemical Engineering Journal.The article was published on 2023-03-01. It has received None citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Fogging & Coating.
TL;DR: In this paper, the historical development, new phenomena and emerging applications of superwettability systems are discussed and a review of the superwetability properties of interfacial materials is presented.
Abstract: Studying nature to reveal the mechanisms of special wetting phenomena in biological systems can effectively inspire the design and fabrication of functional interfacial materials with superwettability. In this Review, the historical development, new phenomena and emerging applications of superwettability systems are discussed.
TL;DR: In this paper, a hierarchical (multiscale) nanograssed micropyramid architecture that yields a gobal superhydrophobicity as well as locally wettable nucleation sites is proposed.
Abstract: Engineering the dropwise condensation of water on surfaces is critical in a wide range of applications from thermal management (e.g. heat pipes, chip cooling etc.) to water harvesting technologies. Surfaces that enable both effi cient droplet nucleation and droplet self-removal (i.e. droplet departure) are essential to accomplish successful dropwise condensation. However it is extremely challenging to design such surfaces. This is because droplet nucleation requires a wettable surface while droplet departure necessitates a super-hydrophobic surface. Here we report that these confl icting requirements can be satisfi ed using a hierarchical (multiscale) nanograssed micropyramid architecture that yield a gobal superhydrophobicity as well as locally wettable nucleation sites, allowing for ˜65% increase in the drop number density and ˜450% increase in the drop self-removal volume as compared to a superhydrophobic surface with nanostructures alone. Further we fi that synergistic co-operation between the hierarchical structures contributes directly to a continuous process of nucleation, coalescence, departure, and re-nucleation enabling sustained dropwise condensation over prolonged periods. Exploiting such multiscale coupling effects can open up novel and exciting vistas in surface engineering leading to optimal condensation surfaces for high performance electronics cooling and water condenser systems.
TL;DR: It is shown that the synergistic cooperation in the observed recurrent condensation modes leads to improvements in all aspects of heat transfer properties including droplet nucleation density, growth rate, and self-removal, as well as overall heat transfer coefficient.
Abstract: Vapor condensation plays a key role in a wide range of industrial applications including power generation, thermal management, water harvesting and desalination. Fast droplet nucleation and efficient droplet departure as well as low interfacial thermal resistance are important factors that determine the thermal performances of condensation; however, these properties have conflicting requirements on the structural roughness and surface chemistry of the condensing surface or condensation modes (e.g., filmwise vs dropwise). Despite intensive efforts over the past few decades, almost all studies have focused on the dropwise condensation enabled by superhydrophobic surfaces. In this work, we report the development of a bioinspired hybrid surface with high wetting contrast that allows for seamless integration of filmwise and dropwise condensation modes. We show that the synergistic cooperation in the observed recurrent condensation modes leads to improvements in all aspects of heat transfer properties including droplet nucleation density, growth rate, and self-removal, as well as overall heat transfer coefficient. Moreover, we propose an analytical model to optimize the surface morphological features for dramatic heat transfer enhancement.
Huazhong University of Science and Technology1, University of Pennsylvania2, Peking University3, Royal United Hospital4, Kaiser Permanente5, University Health Network6, Western General Hospital7, Ninewells Hospital8, Peking Union Medical College9, Guangzhou University10, Fudan University11, University of Pittsburgh12, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center13, Wuhan University14
TL;DR: Detailed planning, strategy, and methods for tracheal intubation in COVID-19 patients are proposed, which create a risk to physiologically compromised patients and to attending healthcare providers.
Abstract: Tracheal intubation in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients creates a risk to physiologically compromised patients and to attending healthcare providers. Clinical information on airway management and expert recommendations in these patients are urgently needed. By analysing a two-centre retrospective observational case series from Wuhan, China, a panel of international airway management experts discussed the results and formulated consensus recommendations for the management of tracheal intubation in COVID-19 patients. Of 202 COVID-19 patients undergoing emergency tracheal intubation, most were males (n=136; 67.3%) and aged 65 yr or more (n=128; 63.4%). Most patients (n=152; 75.2%) were hypoxaemic (Sao2 <90%) before intubation. Personal protective equipment was worn by all intubating healthcare workers. Rapid sequence induction (RSI) or modified RSI was used with an intubation success rate of 89.1% on the first attempt and 100% overall. Hypoxaemia (Sao2 <90%) was common during intubation (n=148; 73.3%). Hypotension (arterial pressure <90/60 mm Hg) occurred in 36 (17.8%) patients during and 45 (22.3%) after intubation with cardiac arrest in four (2.0%). Pneumothorax occurred in 12 (5.9%) patients and death within 24 h in 21 (10.4%). Up to 14 days post-procedure, there was no evidence of cross infection in the anaesthesiologists who intubated the COVID-19 patients. Based on clinical information and expert recommendation, we propose detailed planning, strategy, and methods for tracheal intubation in COVID-19 patients.