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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1136/BCR-2020-241375

Reactive arthritis after COVID-19.

02 Mar 2021-Case Reports (BMJ)-Vol. 14, Iss: 3, pp 02
Abstract: A previously healthy 53-year-old man was hospitalised for 12 days due to COVID-19 with shortness of breath. A few days after discharge from hospital, the patient developed fever and severe pain in several joints in the lower extremities. The pain was so severe that the patient was unable to stand on his feet. Synovial fluid from the right-side knee contained a high number of polynuclear cells and a few mononuclear cells. Microscopy, culture and PCR tests for bacterial infection were all negative. Furthermore, the patient tested negative for rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27. Thus, the condition was compatible with reactive arthritis. The condition improved markedly after a few days' treatment with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and prednisolone.

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Topics: Arthritis (57%), Rheumatoid factor (54%), Reactive arthritis (53%) ... read more
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6 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.AUTREV.2021.102883
Abstract: Introduction COVID-19 has caused unprecedented hardships in the 21st century with more than 150 million infections. Various immunological phenomena have been described during the course of the infection, and this infection has also triggered autoimmunity. Rheumatological illnesses have been described following resolution of the acute infection; hence we sought to conduct a review of the rheumatological complications of COVID-19. Methods We conducted a literature search for articles relating to sequelae of COVID-19 from Jan 2020 to 30th April 2021. Results We found a number of reports of inflammatory arthritis after SARS-CoV-2 infection. SLE and renal disease have been described, and vasculitis also appears to be a common complication. Rhabdomyolysis and myositis has also been reported in a number of patients. We also found some evidence of large vessel vasculitis in ‘long COVID’ patients. Conclusions This review highlights a number of important complications such as inflammatory arthritis, lupus-like disease, myostis and vasculitis following SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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Topics: Vasculitis (55%), Viral arthritis (54%), Myositis (52%)

5 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10067-021-06001-1
Hem Raj Sapkota1, Arvind NuneInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Long-term sequel of acute COVID-19, commonly referred to as long COVID, has affected millions of patients worldwide. Long COVID patients display persistent or relapsing and remitting symptoms that include fatigue, breathlessness, cough, myalgia, arthralgia, sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment and skin rashes. Due to the shared clinical features, laboratory and imaging findings, long COVID could mimic rheumatic disease posing a diagnostic challenge. Our comprehensive literature review will help rheumatologist to be aware of long COVID manifestations and differentiating features from rheumatic diseases to ensure a timely and correct diagnosis is reached.

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2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/V13081558
06 Aug 2021-Viruses
Abstract: Severe acute respiratory coronavirus-2 syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) is a well-known pandemic infectious disease caused by an RNA virus belonging to the coronaviridae family. The most important involvement during the acute phase of infection concerns the respiratory tract and may be fatal. However, COVID-19 may become a systemic disease with a wide spectrum of manifestations. Herein, we report the natural history of sacroiliac inflammatory involvement in two females who developed COVID-19 infection with mild flu-like symptoms. After the infection they reported inflammatory back pain, with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies showing typical aspects of sacroiliitis. Symptoms improved with NSAIDs therapy over the following months while MRI remained positive. A literature review was performed on this emerging topic. To our knowledge, this is the first MRI longitudinal study of post-COVID-19 sacroiliitis with almost one year of follow-up. Predisposing factors for the development of articular involvement are unclear but a long-lasting persistence of the virus, demonstrated by nasopharyngeal swab, may enhance the probability of altering the immune system in a favourable background.

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Topics: Sacroiliitis (62%)

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S00393-021-01045-9
Henning Zeidler1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Es werden 13 Fallberichte einer reaktiven Arthritis im Zusammenhang mit einer Coronavirus-Krankheit-2019 (COVID‑19) referiert. Manner sind haufiger betroffen als Frauen. Die Arthritis manifestiert sich 4 bis 44 Tage nach der Infektion bzw. dem Auftreten der COVID‑19-Symptome. Die akute Arthritis ist monoartikular oder oligoartikular. Nur einer von 7 untersuchten Patienten war Humanes-Leukozyten-Antigen(HLA)-B27-positiv. Eine direkte virale Infektion des Gelenkes mit „severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2“ (SARS-CoV‑2) wurde in der Synovialflussigkeit nicht nachgewiesen und in der Synovialis nicht untersucht. Die Arthritis wurde mit nichtsteroidalen Antirheumatika und/oder intraartikularen oder systemischen Kortikosteroiden erfolgreich behandelt. Die Pathogenese der post-COVID‑19-reaktiven Arthritis ist ungeklart.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S00296-021-04998-X
Burhan Fatih Kocyigit1, Ahmet AkyolInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, which is deeply affecting the whole world. In this new case for the scientific world, scientists are investigating the etiopathogenesis of viral infection-induced damage and have started to focus on the short and long-term immune system effects and alterations after SARS-CoV-2 infection. The case is here reported of a 53-year-old female patient with acute monoarthritis after SARS-CoV-2 infection, who responded adequately to 150 mg/day diclofenac treatment, and the available case reports are comprehensively reviewed. With the focus on arthritis after SARS-CoV2 infection, which emerges as a new pathological condition associated with COVID-19, it was aimed to examine the possible immunological mechanisms of post-COVID-19 arthritis based on the current data on SARS-CoV-2 and the known pathogenetic background of viral arthritis.

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Topics: Viral arthritis (64%), Arthritis (57%), Reactive arthritis (54%) ... read more

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9 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA2021436
Abstract: BackgroundCoronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is associated with diffuse lung damage. Glucocorticoids may modulate inflammation-mediated lung injury and thereby reduce progression to respiratory failure and death.MethodsIn this controlled, open-label trial comparing a range of possible treatments in patients who were hospitalized with Covid-19, we randomly assigned patients to receive oral or intravenous dexamethasone (at a dose of 6 mg once daily) for up to 10 days or to receive usual care alone. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. Here, we report the final results of this assessment.ResultsA total of 2104 patients were assigned to receive dexamethasone and 4321 to receive usual care. Overall, 482 patients (22.9%) in the dexamethasone group and 1110 patients (25.7%) in the usual care group died within 28 days after randomization (age-adjusted rate ratio, 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75 to 0.93; P<0.001). The proportional and absolute between-group differences in mortality varied considerably according to the level of respiratory support that the patients were receiving at the time of randomization. In the dexamethasone group, the incidence of death was lower than that in the usual care group among patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (29.3% vs. 41.4%; rate ratio, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.51 to 0.81) and among those receiving oxygen without invasive mechanical ventilation (23.3% vs. 26.2%; rate ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.94) but not among those who were receiving no respiratory support at randomization (17.8% vs. 14.0%; rate ratio, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.92 to 1.55).ConclusionsIn patients hospitalized with Covid-19, the use of dexamethasone resulted in lower 28-day mortality among those who were receiving either invasive mechanical ventilation or oxygen alone at randomization but not among those receiving no respiratory support. (Funded by the Medical Research Council and National Institute for Health Research and others; RECOVERY ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04381936. opens in new tab; ISRCTN number, 50189673. opens in new tab.)

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Topics: Lung injury (55%), Mechanical ventilation (52%), Randomized controlled trial (52%) ... read more

4,501 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA2007764
John H. Beigel1, Kay M. Tomashek1, Lori E. Dodd1, Aneesh K. Mehta1  +36 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Background Although several therapeutic agents have been evaluated for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), none have yet been shown to be efficacious. Methods We conducte...

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3,423 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41591-020-0968-3
Aakriti Gupta1, Aakriti Gupta2, Mahesh V. Madhavan1, Kartik Sehgal3  +30 moreInstitutions (9)
10 Jul 2020-Nature Medicine
Abstract: Although COVID-19 is most well known for causing substantial respiratory pathology, it can also result in several extrapulmonary manifestations. These conditions include thrombotic complications, myocardial dysfunction and arrhythmia, acute coronary syndromes, acute kidney injury, gastrointestinal symptoms, hepatocellular injury, hyperglycemia and ketosis, neurologic illnesses, ocular symptoms, and dermatologic complications. Given that ACE2, the entry receptor for the causative coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, is expressed in multiple extrapulmonary tissues, direct viral tissue damage is a plausible mechanism of injury. In addition, endothelial damage and thromboinflammation, dysregulation of immune responses, and maladaptation of ACE2-related pathways might all contribute to these extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19. Here we review the extrapulmonary organ-specific pathophysiology, presentations and management considerations for patients with COVID-19 to aid clinicians and scientists in recognizing and monitoring the spectrum of manifestations, and in developing research priorities and therapeutic strategies for all organ systems involved.

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1,057 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61595-6
Catherine J Mathews, Vivienne Weston1, Adrian Jones1, M Field  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
06 Mar 2010-The Lancet
Abstract: Summary Symptoms and signs of septic arthritis are an important medical emergency, with high morbidity and mortality. We review the changing epidemiology of septic arthritis of native joints in adults, encompassing the increasing frequency of the disorder and its evolving antibiotic resistance. We discuss various risk factors for development of septic arthritis and examine host factors (tumour necrosis factor α, interleukins 1 and 10) and bacterial proteins, toxins, and enzymes reported to be important determinants of pathogenesis in mouse models. Diagnosis of disease is largely clinical, guided by investigations and the opinion of skilled clinicians. We emphasise the need for timely medical and surgical intervention—most importantly, through diagnostic aspiration of relevant joints, choice of suitable antibiotic, and appropriate supportive measures. Management is growing in complexity with the advent of novel and antibiotic-resistant causative microorganisms and within the current climate of increased immunosuppression. Findings from animal models and patients are shedding light on disease pathogenesis and the possibility of novel adjunctive treatments, including systemic corticosteroids, cytokines and anticytokines, and bisphosphonates.

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Topics: Septic arthritis (64%), Arthritis (58%), Disease (51%)

393 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1136/RMDOPEN-2020-001350
01 Aug 2020-RMD Open
Abstract: Reactive arthritis (ReA) is typically preceded by sexually transmitted disease or gastrointestinal infection. An association has also been reported with bacterial and viral respiratory infections. Herein, we report the first case of ReA after the he severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. This male patient is in his 50s who was admitted with COVID-19 pneumonia. On the second day of admission, SARS-CoV-2 PCR was positive from nasopharyngeal swab specimen. Despite starting standard dose of favipiravir, his respiratory condition deteriorated during hospitalisation. On the fourth hospital day, he developed acute respiratory distress syndrome and was intubated. On day 11, he was successfully extubated, subsequently completing a 14-day course of favipiravir. On day 21, 1 day after starting physical therapy, he developed acute bilateral arthritis in his ankles, with mild enthesitis in his right Achilles tendon, without rash, conjunctivitis, or preceding diarrhoea or urethritis. Arthrocentesis of his left ankle revealed mild inflammatory fluid without monosodium urate or calcium pyrophosphate crystals. Culture of synovial fluid was negative. Plain X-rays of his ankles and feet showed no erosive changes or enthesophytes. Tests for syphilis, HIV, anti-streptolysin O (ASO), Mycoplasma, Chlamydia pneumoniae, antinuclear antibody, rheumatoid factor, anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibody and Human Leukocyte Antigen-B27 (HLA-B27) were negative. Gonococcal and Chlamydia trachomatis urine PCR were also negative. He was diagnosed with ReA. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID)s and intra-articular corticosteroid injection resulted in moderate improvement.

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Topics: Reactive arthritis (56%), Arthritis (53%), Sexually transmitted disease (53%) ... read more

52 Citations


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