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Journal ArticleDOI

Reactive Memories of 1776

TL;DR: In this paper , the riot at the United States Capitol building on January 6, 2021, was placed within the longer history of white-led race riots in United States, as both state and vigilante actors have twisted the memory of that history toward maintaining an antidemocratic and racist status quo.
Abstract: In this article, we situate the riot at the United States Capitol building on January 6, 2021, within the longer history of white-led race riots in the United States, as both state and vigilante actors have twisted the memory of that history toward maintaining an antidemocratic and racist status quo. Motivating such riotous eruptions is what we call reactive memory in reference to the formation of historical mythologies that valorize a “return” to a whitewashed past in response to perceived threats against socioracial domination in the present. We contribute to rhetoric and communication scholarship on memory and far-right nation-building by examining the mobilization of reactive memory in “1776” discourses and the rhetoric of extremist paramilitary groups. In doing so, we demonstrate how reactive memory is conjured to justify the right’s saturation in white supremacy and antidemocratic intervention, including and especially riotous violence – not because its adherents have no other rhetorical recourse in the political state of affairs, but because they situate political violence to be their historically sanctioned prerogative.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, it is suggested that a description of political consciousness can be constructed from the structures of meaning exhibited by a society's vocabulary of "ideographs" (i.e., symbols).
Abstract: This essay attempts to describe political consciousness in collectivities. Symbolist thought, focused on the idea of “myth,” seems linked with material thought, focused on the concept of “ideology.” It is suggested that a description of political consciousness can be constructed from the structures of meaning exhibited by a society's vocabulary of “ideographs.”

793 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article explored the territory of whiteness in order to map the discursive space it occupies and discussed some of the rhetorical strategies through which whiteness resecures its discursive spaces.
Abstract: Communication scholars have often overlooked the importance of whiteness as an influence in their research. In this essay, we explore the territory of whiteness in order to map the discursive space it occupies. This mapping of the discursive space, or territory, of whiteness is the first step in the process of exposing whiteness as a rhetorical construction. We then discuss some of the rhetorical strategies through which whiteness resecures its discursive space. We conclude with three aspects of reflexivity that offer directions for further research.

687 citations

Book
28 Feb 2019
TL;DR: Jardina as discussed by the authors found that disaffected whites are not just found among the working class; they make up a broad proportion of the American public, with profound implications for political behavior and the future of racial conflict in America.
Abstract: Amidst discontent over America's growing diversity, many white Americans now view the political world through the lens of a racial identity. Whiteness was once thought to be invisible because of whites' dominant position and ability to claim the mainstream, but today a large portion of whites actively identify with their racial group and support policies and candidates that they view as protecting whites' power and status. In White Identity Politics, Ashley Jardina offers a landmark analysis of emerging patterns of white identity and collective political behavior, drawing on sweeping data. Where past research on whites' racial attitudes emphasized out-group hostility, Jardina brings into focus the significance of in-group identity and favoritism. White Identity Politics shows that disaffected whites are not just found among the working class; they make up a broad proportion of the American public - with profound implications for political behavior and the future of racial conflict in America.

381 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Enck-Wanzer et al. as mentioned in this paper explored the racist rhetoric of the U.S. Tea Party and President Barack Obama's (non)response as both emblematic of what David Theo Goldberg and others call racial neoliberalism.
Abstract: This essay engages the racist rhetoric of the U.S. Tea Party and President Barack Obama's (non)response as both emblematic of what David Theo Goldberg and others call racial neoliberalism. While Obama's detractors certainly deserve attention for their invective discourse, Obama also warrants critique for operating within a racially neoliberal discursive field binding him to antiracial (not antiracist) responses to racist discourses. This essay first stakes out the conceptual terrain of racial neoliberalism and addresses the relationship between racial neoliberalism, antiracialism, and racial threat to elucidate its significance for discourse about race. How the Tea Party's racist rhetoric functions and how Obama's reaction further reinforce the hegemony of racial neoliberalism are explained using this critical analytic. Barack Obama, le Tea Party et la menace raciale : du neoliberalisme racial et du racisme regenere Cet article explore la rhetorique raciste du Tea Party americain et la (non)reponse du president Barack Obama comme etant toutes deux emblematiques de ce que David Theo Goldberg et d’autres appellent le neoliberalisme racial. Si les detracteurs d’Obama meritent certainement notre attention en raison de leur discours invectif, il est aussi justifie de critiquer Obama qui opere dans un champ discursif neoliberal et racial qui lui impose des reactions antiraciales (et non antiracistes) a des discours racistes. Cet article scrute d’abord le terrain conceptuel du neoliberalisme racial et aborde la relation entre le neoliberalisme racial, l’antiracialisme et la menace raciale pour expliquer son importance dans les discours sur la race. Le fonctionnement de la rhetorique raciste du Tea Party et le renforcement par la reaction d’Obama de l’hegemonie du neoliberalisme racial sont expliques par cette analyse critique. Barack Obama, die Tea-Party-Bewegung und die Bedrohung durch die Rasse: Uber rassischen Neoliberalismus und wiedergeborenen Rassismus Darrel Enck-Wanzer Dieser Aufsatz befasst sich mit der rassistischen Rhetorik der U.S.-amerikanischen Tea-Party-Bewegung und der (ausbleibenden) Reaktion des Prasidenten Barack Obama als ein Beispiel dafur, was David Theo Goldberg und andere als rassischen Neoliberalismus bezeichnen. Sollte man Obamas Kritikern fur ihren schmahenden Diskurs Beachtung schenken, muss sich Obama Kritik dafur gefallen lassen, dass er in einem rassisch neoliberalen Diskursfeld agiert, welches ihn an antirassische (nicht antirassistische) Reaktionen auf rassistische Diskurse bindet. Dieser Aufsatz steckt erst das konzeptuelle Terrain von rassischem Neoliberalismus ab und befasst sich dann mit der Beziehung zwischen rassischen Neoliberalismus, Antirassismus und rassischer Gefahr, um deren Bedeutung fur den Diskurs uber Rasse zu erklaren. Unter Verwendung der kritischen Analyse wird erklart, wie die rassistische Rhetorik der Tea-Party-Bewegung funktioniert und wie Obamas Reaktion die Hegemonie von rassischem Neoliberalismus noch verstarkt. Barack Obama, el Partido del Te, y la Amenaza de la Raza: Sobre el Neoliberalismo Racial y el Racismo Renacido Darrel Enck-Wanzer Department of Communication Studies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-5268, USA Resumen Este ensayo compromete a la retorica racista del partido del Te de los Estados Unidos y la no respuesta del Presidente Barack Obama como emblemas de lo que David Theo Goldberg y otros llaman el neoliberalismo. Mientras que los detractores de Obama ciertamente merecen la atencion por su discurso vindicativo, Obama justifica tambien la critica por operar dentro del campo del discurso neoliberal racial uniendolo a las respuestas anti-raciales (no racistas) a los discursos racistas. Este ensayo examina el terreno conceptual del neoliberalismo racial y trata la relacion entre el neoliberalismo racial, el anti racismo, y la amenaza racial para elucidar su significancia para el discurso sobre la raza. Como la retorica racista del Partido del Te funciona y como la reaccion de Obama refuerza aun mas la hegemonia del neoliberalismo racial son explicados usando este analisis critico.

117 citations