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Journal ArticleDOI

Rediscovery of Bouteloua vaneedenii (Gramineae: Chloridoideae): endemic species from the West Indies

08 Dec 2011-Revista Mexicana De Biodiversidad (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)-Vol. 82, Iss: 4, pp 1328-1332

TL;DR: A team of Mexican and Cuban agrostologists conducted a field trip and found B. vaneedenii in the same locality where it was collected in 1922 on dry limestone rocks, indicating vigorous populations remain in at least 2 localities in Pastelillo.

AbstractBouteloua vaneedenii is an endemic and extremely rare grass of the West Indies. Very few collections are known, and the most recent collection is from 1922. With the aim of finding the species, a team of Mexican and Cuban agrostologists conducted a field trip and found B. vaneedenii in the same locality where it was collected in 1922 on dry limestone rocks. Although it was stated that B. vaneedenii probably was extinct from Cuba, vigorous populations remain in at least 2 localities in Pastelillo. Further exploration may lead to the discovery of additional populations and the reevaluation of its current conservation status.

Topics: Conservation status (52%), Chloridoideae (51%), Endemism (51%)

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TL;DR: The origin of the Bouteloua curtipendula complex seems to be recent with low divergence between taxa, and all of the morphological characters used to circumscribe species were found to be homoplasious.
Abstract: The Bouteloua curtipendula complex (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) has been treated as a group of 12 species distributed from Canada to Argentina. Due to considerable morphological variation, putative hybridization, polyploidy (including aneuploidy), and apomixis, circumscription of and relationships among taxa have been uncertain. To infer the phylogeny of this complex, two non-coding regions, the internal transcribed spacer (nrDNA) and trnT-L-F (cpDNA), were sequenced and analyzed by maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods. Character-state reconstruction was carried out to test the utility of morphological characters used for species circumscription. Nuclear and plastid data revealed similar phylogenetic patterns, albeit with a lower level of resolution from the trnT-L-F sequences. Results support monophyly of the Bouteloua curtipendula complex, but not the species monophyly, except for B. triaena, which forms a strongly supported clade in both phylogenies. The origin of the Bouteloua curtipendula complex seems to be recent with low divergence between taxa. All of the morphological characters used to circumscribe species were found to be homoplasious.

13 citations