Dissertation•

# Regularity and approximation of a hyperbolic-elliptic coupled problem

01 Jan 2010-

TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider the regularity and approximation of a hyperbolic-elliptic coupled problem in a nonconvex, not simply connected domain Ω that is supposed to be homeomorph to an annular domain.

Abstract: In this thesis, we investigate the regularity and approximation of a hyperbolic-elliptic coupled problem. In particular, we consider the Poisson and the transport equation where both are assigned nonhomogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. The coupling of the two problems is executed as follows. The right hand side function of the Poisson equation is the solution ρ of the transport equation whereas the gradient field E = −∇u, with u being solution of the Poisson problem, is the convective field for the transport equation. The analysis is done throughout on a nonconvex, not simply connected domain Ω that is supposed to be homeomorph to an annular domain. In the first part of this thesis, we will focus on the existence and uniqueness of a classical solution to this highly nonlinear problem using the framework of Holder continuous functions. Herein, we distinguish between a time dependent and time independent formulation. In both cases, we investigate the streamline functions defined by the convective field E. These are used in the time dependent case to derive an operator equation whose fixed point is the streamline function to the gradient of the classical solution u. In the time independent setting, we formulate explicitly the solution operators L for the Poisson and T for the transport equation and show with a fixed point argument the existence and uniqueness of a classical solution (u, ρ). The second part of this thesis deals with the approximation of the coupled problem in Sobolev spaces. First, we show that the nonlinear transport equation can be formulated equivalently as variational inequality and analyse its Galerkin finite element discretization. Due to the nonlinearity of the coupled problem, it is necessary to use iterative solvers. We will introduce the staggered algorithm which is an iterative method solving alternating the Poisson and transport equation until convergence is obtained. Assuming that L◦T is a contraction in the Sobolev space H1(Ω), we will investigate the convergence of the discrete staggered algorithm and obtain an error estimate. Subsequently, we present numerical results in two and three dimensions. Beside the staggered algorithm, we will introduce other iterative solvers that are based on linearizing the coupled problem by Newton’s method. We illustrate that all iterative solvers converge satisfactorily to the solution (u, ρ).

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TL;DR: In this article, the acute angle principle for weakly continuous oper- ators is applied to prove the existence of strong solutions of a class of fully nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations.

Abstract: This paper proves an acute angle principle for a class of weakly continuous oper- ators.Applying this principle,the existence of strong solutions of a class of fully nonlinear elliptic and parabolic equations are obtained.

3 citations

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TL;DR: The Galerkin and SDFEM methods are compared for a steady state convection problem with continuous as well as discontinuous solutions to the transport problem on an annular domain with a singularity at the inner circle.

Abstract: Abstract. The Galerkin and SDFEM methods are compared for a steady state convection problem. The theoretical part of this work deals with the development of approximation results for continuous solutions on the unit square containing an edge singularity. In the numerical part we verify those approximation results by considering continuous as well as discontinuous solutions to the transport problem on an annular domain with a singularity at the inner circle.

1 citations

### Cites background from "Regularity and approximation of a h..."

...This kind of situation appears in engineering problems such as the electrostatic spray painting process or in particular corona discharge [1, 4, 11]....

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##### References

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07 Jan 2013

TL;DR: In this article, Leray-Schauder and Harnack this article considered the Dirichlet Problem for Poisson's Equation and showed that it is a special case of Divergence Form Operators.

Abstract: Chapter 1. Introduction Part I: Linear Equations Chapter 2. Laplace's Equation 2.1 The Mean Value Inequalities 2.2 Maximum and Minimum Principle 2.3 The Harnack Inequality 2.4 Green's Representation 2.5 The Poisson Integral 2.6 Convergence Theorems 2.7 Interior Estimates of Derivatives 2.8 The Dirichlet Problem the Method of Subharmonic Functions 2.9 Capacity Problems Chapter 3. The Classical Maximum Principle 3.1 The Weak Maximum Principle 3.2 The Strong Maximum Principle 3.3 Apriori Bounds 3.4 Gradient Estimates for Poisson's Equation 3.5 A Harnack Inequality 3.6 Operators in Divergence Form Notes Problems Chapter 4. Poisson's Equation and Newtonian Potential 4.1 Holder Continuity 4.2 The Dirichlet Problem for Poisson's Equation 4.3 Holder Estimates for the Second Derivatives 4.4 Estimates at the Boundary 4.5 Holder Estimates for the First Derivatives Notes Problems Chapter 5. Banach and Hilbert Spaces 5.1 The Contraction Mapping 5.2 The Method of Cintinuity 5.3 The Fredholm Alternative 5.4 Dual Spaces and Adjoints 5.5 Hilbert Spaces 5.6 The Projection Theorem 5.7 The Riesz Representation Theorem 5.8 The Lax-Milgram Theorem 5.9 The Fredholm Alternative in Hilbert Spaces 5.10 Weak Compactness Notes Problems Chapter 6. Classical Solutions the Schauder Approach 6.1 The Schauder Interior Estimates 6.2 Boundary and Global Estimates 6.3 The Dirichlet Problem 6.4 Interior and Boundary Regularity 6.5 An Alternative Approach 6.6 Non-Uniformly Elliptic Equations 6.7 Other Boundary Conditions the Obliue Derivative Problem 6.8 Appendix 1: Interpolation Inequalities 6.9 Appendix 2: Extension Lemmas Notes Problems Chapter 7. Sobolev Spaces 7.1 L^p spaces 7.2 Regularization and Approximation by Smooth Functions 7.3 Weak Derivatives 7.4 The Chain Rule 7.5 The W^(k,p) Spaces 7.6 DensityTheorems 7.7 Imbedding Theorems 7.8 Potential Estimates and Imbedding Theorems 7.9 The Morrey and John-Nirenberg Estimes 7.10 Compactness Results 7.11 Difference Quotients 7.12 Extension and Interpolation Notes Problems Chapter 8 Generalized Solutions and Regularity 8.1 The Weak Maximum Principle 8.2 Solvability of the Dirichlet Problem 8.3 Diferentiability of Weak Solutions 8.4 Global Regularity 8.5 Global Boundedness of Weak Solutions 8.6 Local Properties of Weak Solutions 8.7 The Strong Maximum Principle 8.8 The Harnack Inequality 8.9 Holder Continuity 8.10 Local Estimates at the Boundary 8.11 Holder Estimates for the First Derivatives 8.12 The Eigenvalue Problem Notes Problems Chapter 9. Strong Solutions 9.1 Maximum Princiles for Strong Solutions 9.2 L^p Estimates: Preliminary Analysis 9.3 The Marcinkiewicz Interpolation Theorem 9.4 The Calderon-Zygmund Inequality 9.5 L^p Estimates 9.6 The Dirichlet Problem 9.7 A Local Maximum Principle 9.8 Holder and Harnack Estimates 9.9 Local Estimates at the Boundary Notes Problems Part II: Quasilinear Equations Chapter 10. Maximum and Comparison Principles 10.1 The Comparison Principle 10.2 Maximum Principles 10.3 A Counterexample 10.4 Comparison Principles for Divergence Form Operators 10.5 Maximum Principles for Divergence Form Operators Notes Problems Chapter 11. Topological Fixed Point Theorems and Their Application 11.1 The Schauder Fixes Point Theorem 11.2 The Leray-Schauder Theorem: a Special Case 11.3 An Application 11.4 The Leray-Schauder Fixed Point Theorem 11.5 Variational Problems Notes Chapter 12. Equations in Two Variables 12.1 Quasiconformal Mappings 12.2 holder Gradient Estimates for Linear Equations 12.3 The Dirichlet Problem for Uniformly Elliptic Equations 12.4 Non-Uniformly Elliptic Equations Notes Problems Chapter 13. Holder Estimates for

18,443 citations

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01 Aug 1983TL;DR: In this article, the authors introduce differential equations and dynamical systems, including hyperbolic sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors, and global bifurcations.

Abstract: Contents: Introduction: Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems.- An Introduction to Chaos: Four Examples.- Local Bifurcations.- Averaging and Perturbation from a Geometric Viewpoint.- Hyperbolic Sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors.- Global Bifurcations.- Local Codimension Two Bifurcations of Flows.- Appendix: Suggestions for Further Reading. Postscript Added at Second Printing. Glossary. References. Index.

12,669 citations

01 Jan 2015

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors introduce differential equations and dynamical systems, including hyperbolic sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors, and global bifurcations.

Abstract: Contents: Introduction: Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems.- An Introduction to Chaos: Four Examples.- Local Bifurcations.- Averaging and Perturbation from a Geometric Viewpoint.- Hyperbolic Sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors.- Global Bifurcations.- Local Codimension Two Bifurcations of Flows.- Appendix: Suggestions for Further Reading. Postscript Added at Second Printing. Glossary. References. Index.

12,485 citations

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01 Jan 1964

TL;DR: In this article, the Poincare-Bendixson theory is used to explain the existence of linear differential equations and the use of Implicity Function and fixed point Theorems.

Abstract: Foreword to the Classics Edition Preface to the First Edition Preface to the Second Edition Errata I: Preliminaries II: Existence III: Differential In qualities and Uniqueness IV: Linear Differential Equations V: Dependence on Initial Conditions and Parameters VI: Total and Partial Differential Equations VII: The Poincare-Bendixson Theory VIII: Plane Stationary Points IX: Invariant Manifolds and Linearizations X: Perturbed Linear Systems XI: Linear Second Order Equations XII: Use of Implicity Function and Fixed Point Theorems XIII: Dichotomies for Solutions of Linear Equations XIV: Miscellany on Monotomy Hints for Exercises References Index.

9,036 citations

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01 Jan 1997TL;DR: In this paper, a class of partial differential equations that generalize and are represented by Laplace's equation was studied. And the authors used the notation D i u, D ij u for partial derivatives with respect to x i and x i, x j and the summation convention on repeated indices.

Abstract: We study in this chapter a class of partial differential equations that generalize and are to a large extent represented by Laplace’s equation. These are the elliptic partial differential equations of second order. A linear partial differential operator L defined by
$$ Lu{\text{: = }}{a_{ij}}\left( x \right){D_{ij}}u + {b_i}\left( x \right){D_i}u + c\left( x \right)u $$
is elliptic on Ω ⊂ ℝ n if the symmetric matrix [a ij ] is positive definite for each x ∈ Ω. We have used the notation D i u, D ij u for partial derivatives with respect to x i and x i , x j and the summation convention on repeated indices is used. A nonlinear operator Q,
$$ Q\left( u \right): = {a_{ij}}\left( {x,u,Du} \right){D_{ij}}u + b\left( {x,u,Du} \right) $$
[D u = (D 1 u, ..., D n u)], is elliptic on a subset of ℝ n × ℝ × ℝ n ] if [a ij (x, u, p)] is positive definite for all (x, u, p) in this set. Operators of this form are called quasilinear. In all of our examples the domain of the coefficients of the operator Q will be Ω × ℝ × ℝ n for Ω a domain in ℝ n . The function u will be in C 2(Ω) unless explicitly stated otherwise.

8,299 citations

### "Regularity and approximation of a h..." refers background or methods in this paper

...To successfully apply the Banach fixed point theorem to L ◦ T , it suffices to use standard existence results and a priori estimates for the Poisson solution in Hölder spaces as they can be found in [34]....

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...The standard references for this topic are [34, 51]....

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