Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction
TL;DR: This book provides a clear and simple account of the key ideas and algorithms of reinforcement learning, which ranges from the history of the field's intellectual foundations to the most recent developments and applications.
Abstract: Reinforcement learning, one of the most active research areas in artificial intelligence, is a computational approach to learning whereby an agent tries to maximize the total amount of reward it receives when interacting with a complex, uncertain environment. In Reinforcement Learning, Richard Sutton and Andrew Barto provide a clear and simple account of the key ideas and algorithms of reinforcement learning. Their discussion ranges from the history of the field's intellectual foundations to the most recent developments and applications. The only necessary mathematical background is familiarity with elementary concepts of probability. The book is divided into three parts. Part I defines the reinforcement learning problem in terms of Markov decision processes. Part II provides basic solution methods: dynamic programming, Monte Carlo methods, and temporal-difference learning. Part III presents a unified view of the solution methods and incorporates artificial neural networks, eligibility traces, and planning; the two final chapters present case studies and consider the future of reinforcement learning.
Cites background from "Reinforcement Learning: An Introduc..."
...Such NNs learn to perceive/encode/predict/ classify patterns or pattern sequences, but they do not learn to act in the more general sense of Reinforcement Learning (RL) in unknown environments (see surveys, e.g., Kaelbling et al., 1996; Sutton & Barto, 1998; Wiering & van Otterlo, 2012)....
...The latter is often explained in a probabilistic framework (e.g., Sutton & Barto, 1998), but its basic idea can already be conveyed in a deterministic setting....
...Such NNs learn to perceive / encode / predict / classify patterns or pattern sequences, but they do not learn to act in the more general sense of Reinforcement Learning (RL) in unknown environments (e.g., Kaelbling et al., 1996; Sutton and Barto, 1998)....
...Many variants of traditional RL exist (e.g., Barto et al., 1983; Watkins, 1989; Watkins and Dayan, 1992; Moore and Atkeson, 1993; Schwartz, 1993; Baird, 1994; Rummery and Niranjan, 1994; Singh, 1994; Baird, 1995; Kaelbling et al., 1995; Peng and Williams, 1996; Mahadevan, 1996; Tsitsiklis and van Roy, 1996; Bradtke et al., 1996; Santamarı́a et al., 1997; Prokhorov and Wunsch, 1997; Sutton and Barto, 1998; Wiering and Schmidhuber, 1998b; Baird and Moore, 1999; Meuleau et al., 1999; Morimoto and Doya, 2000; Bertsekas, 2001; Brafman and Tennenholtz, 2002; Abounadi et al., 2002; Lagoudakis and Parr, 2003; Sutton et al., 2008; Maei and Sutton, 2010)....
...This assumption does not hold in the broader fields of Sequential Decision Making and Reinforcement Learning (RL) (Kaelbling et al., 1996; Sutton and Barto, 1998; Hutter, 2005) (Sec....