# Reliability analysis and design of cantilever RC retaining walls against sliding failure

##### Citations

11 citations

### Cites methods from "Reliability analysis and design of ..."

...Sujit et al. (2011) calculated probability of failure against sliding mode of failure for cantilever retaining wall by first order reliability method (FORM), second order reliability method (SORM) and Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) method....

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6 citations

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5 citations

### Cites methods from "Reliability analysis and design of ..."

...The FORM, SORM, and MCS were used to evaluate the Pf associated with the sliding failure of retaining walls of various heights (Sujith et al. 2011)....

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##### References

2,702 citations

### "Reliability analysis and design of ..." refers background in this paper

...Hasofer and Lind (1974) defined the reliability index β as the shortest distance from the origin O to the failure surface in the normalized coordinate system....

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...This problem of ‘lack of invariance’ was resolved by Hasofer and Lind (1974), by transforming the X variables into an equivalent set of uncorrelated standard unit normal U variables....

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1,663 citations

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979 citations

### "Reliability analysis and design of ..." refers background or methods in this paper

...Attempts have been made to account for these uncertainties in a more rational manner using probability theory by geotechnical engineers (Whitman, 1984; 2000; Duncan, 2000; Phoon et al., 1999; Christian, 2004)....

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...Duncan (2000) opined that ‘factor of safety’ alone is not sufficient for risk assessment and it should be used in conjunction with ‘reliability index’....

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...Past experience shows that apparently conservative designs (based on the traditional ‘factor of safety concept’) are not always safe against failure (Hoeg and Muruka, 1974; Duncan, 2000; Christian, 2004)....

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909 citations