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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2020.124028

Reproductive toxicity of polystyrene microplastics: In vivo experimental study on testicular toxicity in mice.

05 Mar 2021-Journal of Hazardous Materials (Elsevier)-Vol. 405, pp 124028-124028
Abstract: Microplastics (MPS) are widespread in our environment and have a potential impact on the reproductive development of humans and mammals. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 5 µm polystyrene microplastics(PS-MPS) on spermatogenesis in mice. The damage by PS-MPS to epididymal sperm was studied using blood cell counts. The results showed that the number of viable epididymis sperm after PS-MPS exposure was significantly reduced. Using Duff-Quik staining, we found that the PS-MPS exposure increased the rate of sperm deformity. The testis is an important organ responsible for normal spermatogenesis. HE and TUNEL staining showed atrophy, shedding, and apoptosis of sperm cells at all levels of the testis after exposure to PS-MPS. Western blot and qPCR analysis were used to detect Nrf2/HO-1 and NF-κB. The results showed that after PS-MPS exposure, the expression of the pro-inflammatory molecule NF-κB and that of the inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 increased significantly, whereas that of the anti-inflammatory molecule Nrf2/HO-1 decreased. These results indicate that the abnormal sperm quality in ICR mice caused by PS-MPS exposure is closely related to the Nrf2/HO-1/NF-κB pathway.

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Topics: Sperm (58%), Spermatogenesis (54%), Epididymis (51%) ... read more
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22 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2020.123430
Haibo Jin1, Tan Ma1, Xiaoxuan Sha1, Zhenyu Liu1  +5 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Microplastics (MPs) have become hazardous materials, which have aroused widespread concern about their potential toxicity. However, the effects of MPs on reproductive systems in mammals are still ambiguous. In this study, the toxic effects of polystyrene MPs (PS-MPs) in male reproduction of mice were investigated. The results indicated that after exposure for 24 h, 4 μm and 10 μm PS-MPs accumulated in the testis of mice. Meanwhile, 0.5 μm, 4 μm, and 10 μm PS-MPs could enter into three kinds of testicular cells in vitro. In addition, sperm quality and testosterone level of mice were declined after exposure to 0.5 μm, 4 μm, and 10 μm PS-MPs for 28 days. H&E staining showed that spermatogenic cells abscissed and arranged disorderly, and multinucleated gonocytes occurred in the seminiferous tubule. Moreover, PS-MPs induced testicular inflammation and the disruption of blood-testis barrier. In summary, this study demonstrated that PS-MPs induced male reproductive dysfunctions in mice, which provided new insights into the toxicity of MPs in mammals.

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Topics: Reproductive toxicity (55%), Seminiferous tubule (52%), Toxicity (50%)

33 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.125423
Abstract: Exposure to microplastics (MP) in aquatic environment leads to bioaccumulation in fish, with MP size being a major factor in determining the accumulation profile. MPs absorbed into the fish body enter the circulatory system and affect hematological properties, changing the blood physiology. MPs also induce an imbalance in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and antioxidant capacity, causing oxidative damage. In addition, MPs impact immune responses due to physical and chemical toxicity, and cause neurotoxicity, altering AchE activity. Here, the toxic effects of MPs in fish through various indicators were examined, including bioaccumulation, hematological parameters, antioxidant responses, immune responses, and neurotoxicity in relation to MP exposure, facilitating the identification of biomarkers of MP toxicity following exposure of fish.

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Topics: Bioaccumulation (52%), Neurotoxicity (51%)

16 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2020.124644
Yongfeng Deng1, Zehua Yan1, Ruqin Shen1, Yichao Huang2  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that microplastics (MPs) can transport phthalate esters (PAEs) into the tissues of mice. However, the influence of MPs on accumulation of PAEs and the combined toxicity need profound investigation. In this study, the bioaccumulation of PAEs and reproductive toxicity due to contaminated MPs exposure were investigated. After exposure to PAE-contaminated MPs for 30 days, significantly increased accumulation of PAE was observed in the liver and gut but not in the testis, which are ascribed to the distribution of MPs in tissues. Herein, most micro-size MPs accumulated in the gut and liver, while only a few nano-size MPs entered the Sertoli cells. Compared with virgin MPs and PAEs alone, PAE-contaminated MPs induced enhanced reproductive toxicities manifested by greater alterations in sperm physiology and spermatogenesis. The enhanced toxicities were also confirmed by the testicular transcriptomic alterations and aggravated oxidative stress induced by PAE-contaminated MPs. These aggravated reproductive toxicities were not caused solely by PAE, but may also be caused by the sensitization effect of oxidative stress induced by MPs. Our results highlight the potential reproductive toxicity on male terrestrial mammals due to co-exposure of MPs and plastic additives and provide valuable insights into the mechanism of combined toxicity of MPs and other pollutants.

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Topics: Reproductive toxicity (52%)

10 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10661-021-08943-0
Pelin Koyuncuoğlu1, Gülbin Erden1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Microplastics are widely detected in wastewater treatment plants. They can remove microplastics from wastewaters with a high yield, but it means that microplastics are transferred and accumulated to sewage sludge. Lately, increasing attention has been paid to microplastics in raw and treated wastewaters. However, studies about quantification and identification of microplastics in sewage sludge are very scarce and need to be further investigated. Since the sludge-based microplastics are newly studied and are a challenging matrix due to high organic content, there is limited knowledge of sampling, pre-treatment methods, identification techniques, and expression units. Besides, treated sewage sludge is mostly used for soil amendment to improve soil fertility and it gives economic advantages. This situation creates a pathway for microplastics entering the soil environment with unknown consequences. To the best of our knowledge, microplastics have a large specific surface area, small size, and hydrophobicity which makes it a good adsorbent for other pollutants. Therefore, the combined effect of microplastics with adsorbed pollutants such as heavy metals, antibiotics, and persistent organic pollutants could give serious harm to soil safety and soil organisms. Herein, new developments in the methods for sampling, pre-treatment, and identification techniques of microplastics in sewage sludge were reviewed. Then, the abundance of microplastics, major polymer types, and shapes in sewage sludge were examined. Finally, the effects and ecological risks of microplastic pollution as a result of agricultural usage of sewage sludge in the soil environment have been summarized. Also, the main points for future research were highlighted.

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Topics: Microplastics (70%), Biosolids (59%), Sludge (59%) ... read more

6 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/IJERPH18052392
Abstract: Much of the planet is swimming in discarded plastic, which is harming animal and possibly human health. Once at sea, sunlight, wind, and wave action break down plastic waste into small particles: the microplastics (MPs). Currently, particular attention has been drawn to their effects on aquatic environments but the health risks, especially in mammals, are poorly known. These non-biodegradable materials can act as a vector for environmental pollutants, can be ingested by humans in food and water, and can enter and accumulate in human tissues with a possible risk for heath. Recent studies revealed the deleterious effects of MPs exposure in male reproduction and sperm quality, making them a potential hazard to reproductive success. This manuscript summarizes the main changes in sperm quality along the lifespan and the upcoming studies on the effects of MPs in male fertility in mammals.

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Topics: Microplastics (56%)

5 Citations


References
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42 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2017.01.190
Abstract: Plastic debris is an environmentally persistent and complex contaminant of increasing concern. Understanding the sources, abundance and composition of microplastics present in the environment is a huge challenge due to the fact that hundreds of millions of tonnes of plastic material is manufactured for societal use annually, some of which is released to the environment. The majority of microplastics research to date has focussed on the marine environment. Although freshwater and terrestrial environments are recognised as origins and transport pathways of plastics to the oceans, there is still a comparative lack of knowledge about these environmental compartments. It is highly likely that microplastics will accumulate within continental environments, especially in areas of high anthropogenic influence such as agricultural or urban areas. This review critically evaluates the current literature on the presence, behaviour and fate of microplastics in freshwater and terrestrial environments and, where appropriate, also draws on relevant studies from other fields including nanotechnology, agriculture and waste management. Furthermore, we evaluate the relevant biological and chemical information from the substantial body of marine microplastic literature, determining the applicability and comparability of this data to freshwater and terrestrial systems. With the evidence presented, the authors have set out the current state of the knowledge, and identified the key gaps. These include the volume and composition of microplastics entering the environment, behaviour and fate of microplastics under a variety of environmental conditions and how characteristics of microplastics influence their toxicity. Given the technical challenges surrounding microplastics research, it is especially important that future studies develop standardised techniques to allow for comparability of data. The identification of these research needs will help inform the design of future studies, to determine both the extent and potential ecological impacts of microplastic pollution in freshwater and terrestrial environments.

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Topics: Microplastics (67%)

999 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.EST.6B00183
Yifeng Lu1, Yan Zhang1, Yongfeng Deng1, Wei Jiang1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Microplastics have become emerging contaminants, causing widespread concern about their potential toxic effects. In this study, the uptake and tissue accumulation of polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) in zebrafish were detected, and the toxic effects in liver were investigated. The results showed that after 7 days of exposure, 5 μm diameter MPs accumulated in fish gills, liver, and gut, while 20 μm diameter MPs accumulated only in fish gills and gut. Histopathological analysis showed that both 5 μm and 70 nm PS-MPs caused inflammation and lipid accumulation in fish liver. PS-MPs also induced significantly increased activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase, indicating that oxidative stress was induced after treatment with MPs. In addition, metabolomic analysis suggested that exposure to MPs induced alterations of metabolic profiles in fish liver and disturbed the lipid and energy metabolism. These findings provide new insights into the toxic effects of MPs on fish.

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Topics: Microplastics (51%)

678 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BBAMCR.2008.01.002
Guang-Hui Liu1, Jing Qu1, Xun Shen2, Xun Shen1Institutions (2)
Abstract: Constitutively activated NF-κB occurs in many inflammatory and tumor tissues. Does it interfere with anti-inflammatory or anti-tumor signaling pathway? Here, we report that NF-κB p65 subunit repressed the Nrf2-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway at transcriptional level. In the cells where NF-κB and Nrf2 were simultaneously activated, p65 unidirectionally antagonized the transcriptional activity of Nrf2. In the p65overexpressing cells, the ARE-dependent expression of heme oxygenase-1 was strongly suppressed. However, p65 inhibited the ARE-driven gene transcriptioninawaythatwasindependentofitsowntranscriptionalactivity.Twomechanismswerefoundtocoordinatethep65-mediatedrepression of ARE: (1) p65 selectively deprives CREB binding protein (CBP) from Nrf2 by competitive interaction with the CH1-KIX domain of CBP, which results in inactivation of Nrf2. The inactivation depends on PKA catalytic subunit-mediated phosphorylation of p65 at S276. (2) p65 promotes recruitmentofhistonedeacetylase3(HDAC3),thecorepressor,toAREbyfacilitatingtheinteractionofHDAC3witheitherCBPorMafK,leadingto local histone hypoacetylation. This investigation revealed the participation of NF-κB p65 in the negative regulation of Nrf2-ARE signaling, and might provide a new insight into a possible role of NF-κB in suppressing the expression of anti-inflammatory or anti-tumor genes. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Topics: CREB-binding protein (57%), Signal transduction (52%), Phosphorylation (51%) ... read more

460 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ES501090E
Abstract: Microplastics, plastics particles <5 mm in length, are a widespread pollutant of the marine environment. Oral ingestion of microplastics has been reported for a wide range of marine biota, but uptake into the body by other routes has received less attention. Here, we test the hypothesis that the shore crab (Carcinus maenas) can take up microplastics through inspiration across the gills as well as ingestion of pre-exposed food (common mussel Mytilus edulis). We used fluorescently labeled polystyrene microspheres (8–10 μm) to show that ingested microspheres were retained within the body tissues of the crabs for up to 14 days following ingestion and up to 21 days following inspiration across the gill, with uptake significantly higher into the posterior versus anterior gills. Multiphoton imaging suggested that most microspheres were retained in the foregut after dietary exposure due to adherence to the hairlike setae and were found on the external surface of gills following aqueous exposure. Results were used...

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Topics: Microplastics (61%), Carcinus maenas (52%)

383 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/SREP46687
24 Apr 2017-Scientific Reports
Abstract: Microplastics (MPs) are a significant environmental health issue and increasingly greater source of concern. MPs have been detected in oceans, rivers, sediments, sewages, soil and even table salts. MPs exposure on marine organisms and humans has been documented, but information about the toxicity of MPs in mammal is limited. Here we used fluorescent and pristine polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) particles with two diameters (5 μm and 20 μm) to investigate the tissue distribution, accumulation, and tissue-specific health risk of MPs in mice. Results indicated that MPs accumulated in liver, kidney and gut, with a tissue-accumulation kinetics and distribution pattern that was strongly depended on the MPs particle size. In addition, analyses of multiple biochemical biomarkers and metabolomic profiles suggested that MPs exposure induced disturbance of energy and lipid metabolism as well as oxidative stress. Interestingly, blood biomarkers of neurotoxicity were also altered. Our results uncovered the distribution and accumulation of MPs across mice tissues and revealed significant alteration in several biomarkers that indicate potential toxicity from MPs exposure. Collectively, our data provided new evidence for the adverse consequences of MPs.

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Topics: Kidney metabolism (52%)

306 Citations