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Review of the Technical Basis for Properties and Fuel Performance Data Used in HEU to LEU Conversion Analysis for U-10Mo Monolithic Alloy Fuel

01 Sep 2020-
About: The article was published on 2020-09-01 and is currently open access. It has received 9 citations till now.
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ReportDOI
26 Jan 1961
TL;DR: The results indicated that the volume of the fuel alloy would increase conservatively at a rate of about 3.0% per at.% burnup as long as the critical temperature of 1000 to 1100 deg F was not exceeded.
Abstract: Bare and zirconium-clad uranium-10 wt% molybdenum specimens were irradiated in NaK-filled capsules in the MTR. Irradiation conditions varied to include central-core temperatures ranging from 300 to over 1200 deg F, fuel burnups ranging from 0.36 to over 3.0 total at.% and fission rates in the range of 0.35 to 1.9 x 10/sup 14/ fissions/(sec)(cm/sup 3/) of alloy. Other parameters studied included the effects of heat treatment, changes in composition, different fabrication techniques, and changes in cladding thickness on the behavior of the fuel alloy. The objective of the irradiations was to determine the behavior of the fuel alloy under conditions approaching as closely as possible those to be encountered in the Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant as they were known at the time. The results indicated that the volume of the fuel alloy would increase conservatively at a rate of about 3.0% per at.% burnup as long as the critical temperature of 1000 to 1100 deg F was not exceeded and the gamma phase of the alloy did not transform during irradiation. If the critical temperature was exceeded, the alloy swelled until rupture or complete disintegration occurred. The occurrence of transformation during irradiation was noted at burnups in the rangemore » of 2.5 total at.% at fission rates of 1.5 x 10/sup 14/ to 1.9 x 10/sup 14/ fissions/(sec)(cm/sup 3/) and temperatures of 800 to 1000 deg F. The alloy was normally maintained in the gamma phase during irradiation, even at temperatures below 1100 deg F and at fission rates in the range of 0.7 x 10/sup 14/ fissions per sec. Transformation during irradiation was accompanied by excessive swelling of the alloy. (auth)« less

1 citations

01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors presented results of recently completed studies aimed at characterizing the mechanical properties of irradiated U-10Mo fuel in support of monolithic base fuel qualification.
Abstract: This paper presents results of recently completed studies aimed at characterizing the mechanical properties of irradiated U-10Mo fuel in support of monolithic base fuel qualification. Mechanical properties were evaluated in four-point bending. Specimens were taken from fuel plates irradiated in the RERTR-12 and AFIP-6 Mk. II irradiation campaigns, and tests were conducted in the Hot Fuel Examination Facility (HFEF) at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The monolithic fuel plates consist of a U-10Mo fuel meat covered with a Zr diffusion barrier layer fabricated by co-rolling, clad in 6061 Al using a hot isostatic press (HIP) bonding process. Specimens exhibited nominal (fresh) fuel meat thickness ranging from 0.25 mm to 0.64 mm, and fuel plate average burnup ranged from approximately 0.4 x 1021 fissions/cm3 to 6.0 x 1021 fissions/cm3. After sectioning the fuel plates, the 6061 Al cladding was removed by dissolution in concentrated NaOH. Pre- and post-dissolution dimensional inspections were conducted on test specimens to facilitate accurate analysis of bend test results. Four-point bend testing was conducted on the HFEF Remote Load Frame at a crosshead speed of 0.1 mm/min using custom-designed test fixtures and calibrated load cells. All specimens exhibited substantially linear elastic behavior and failed in a brittle manner.more » The influence of burnup on the observed slope of the stress-strain curve and the calculated fracture strength is discussed.« less

1 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1986
TL;DR: Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Second Edition, Plus Updates, on CD-ROM offers you the same high-quality, reliable data you'll find in the 3-volume print set published by ASM in 1990.
Abstract: Gives you access to the 4,700 atomic and weight percent graphs included in the reference set Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Second Edition, published by ASM in 1990 - plus updates! All the data from the 3,600-page, three-volume set, abstracts of phase diagram evaluations for 3,000 binary alloy systems, special points and crystal structure tables, along with 300 recent updates from the current literature are included on one CD-ROM for ease of use and storage. Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams plus updates on CD-ROM containing all the data from Massalski's world standard, three-volume, 3,600-page Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Second Edition, fits in the palm of your hand! This CD includes 4,700 diagrams; abstracts of phase diagram evaluations for 3,000 binary alloy systems; special points; crystal structure tables; plus 300 recent updates from current literature. All in databases and in CD-ROM format, so it's easier to access, more flexible to use, and more efficient for you to store than ever before. Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Second Edition, Plus Updates, on CD-ROM, offers you the same high-quality, reliable data you'll find in the 3-volume print set published by ASM in 1990. The over 4,700 diagrams were digitized from original program graphs or redrawn from carefully selected data sources. Each diagram is in accordance to thermodynamic principles and is consistent with melting and phase-transition temperatures of the pure elements. All diagrams met strict quality standards throughout preparation. Now, the CD-ROM format puts this quality information at your fingertips. These are not scanned pages, but true, complete databases of phase diagram and crystallographic information, all in one incredibly small but powerful package, you'll wonder what you ever did without it! This new electronic format allows you to: Search for diagrams, crystal structure data, or text by keying in the alloys. Search the Master Crystal Structure Table for Intermetallic compounds with equivalent structure type, temperature, and phase width criteria. Print diagrams, text, crystal structure. Examine any new data in conjunction with the original data as presented in the print volume. Zoom in on a complicated section of the diagram for a closer look. (Vat payable on UK orders for CD products) Multi-User prices available: Contact Steve French (Customer Services Manager) Telephone: +44 (0)1462 437933; E-Mail: SFrench@ameritech.co.uk

13,433 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the Berechnung der dielektrizitatatkonstanten and der Leitfahigkeiten fur Elektriatitat and Warme der Mischkorper aus isotropen Bestandteilen behandelt.
Abstract: Es werden verschiedene physikalische Konstanten heterogener Korper aus den Konstanten ihrer homogenen Bestandteile nach einer einheitlichen Methode berechnet. In dieser ersten Arbeit wird die Berechnung der Dielektrizitatskonstanten und der Leitfahigkeiten fur Elektrizitat und Warme der Mischkorper aus isotropen Bestandteilen behandelt. Die Genauigkeit der alteren Formeln wird untersucht und die bis jetzt unbekannten Konstanten dieser Formeln werden berechnet. Sodann wird die Theorie gepruft an Messungen der Leitfahigkeit bei heterogenen Metallegierungen und an den DK. von gepresten Pulvern und Emulsionen; die verschiedenen Formeln werden bestatigt. Bei dieser Anwendung werden einige Widerspruche zwischen fruheren Untersuchungen aufgehoben und es wird versucht, einige ungenau bekannte DK. genauer zu bestimmen.

7,155 citations

Book
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2,628 citations

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01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: The ASM Handbook as discussed by the authors provides a comprehensive and authoritative single-volume reference on nonferrous metals and alloys, with particular emphasis on aluminum, titanium, copper, and magnesium.
Abstract: The most comprehensive and authoritative single-volume reference on nonferrous metals and alloys. Provides detailed information on major alloy groups, with particular emphasis on aluminum, titanium, copper, and magnesium. New topics include recycling, superconductors, metal-matrix composites, and intermetallics. Contents include: Specific Metals and Alloys, Special-Purpose Alloys, Superconducting Materials, Pure Metals, Recycling, and Toxicity of Metals. This is the second of two volumes in the ASM Handbook that present information on compositions, properties, selection, and applications of metals and alloys. In Volume 1, irons, steels, and superalloys are described. In the volume, nonferrous alloys, superconducting materials, pure metals, and materials developed for use in special applications are reviewed. These companion volumes document some of the more important changes and developments that have taken place in materials science during recent decadesuchanges that undoubtedly will continue to impact materials engineering into the 21st century.

2,620 citations

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01 Jan 1990

848 citations