scispace - formally typeset

Journal ArticleDOI

Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications

01 Feb 2009-Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews (Pergamon)-Vol. 13, Iss: 2, pp 318-345

Abstract: The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy and has the advantages of high-energy storage density and the isothermal nature of the storage process. PCMs have been widely used in latent heat thermal-storage systems for heat pumps, solar engineering, and spacecraft thermal control applications. The uses of PCMs for heating and cooling applications for buildings have been investigated within the past decade. There are large numbers of PCMs that melt and solidify at a wide range of temperatures, making them attractive in a number of applications. This paper also summarizes the investigation and analysis of the available thermal energy storage systems incorporating PCMs for use in different applications.
Topics: Phase-change material (64%), Thermal energy storage (58%), Thermal mass (55%), Thermal energy (55%), Waste heat (54%)
More filters

Journal ArticleDOI
Chang Liu1, Feng Li1, Lai-Peng Ma1, Hui-Ming Cheng1Institutions (1)
23 Feb 2010-Advanced Materials
TL;DR: This Review introduces several typical energy storage systems, including thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic, hydrogen, and electrochemical energy storage, and the current status of high-performance hydrogen storage materials for on-board applications and electrochemicals for lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors.
Abstract: [Liu, Chang; Li, Feng; Ma, Lai-Peng; Cheng, Hui-Ming] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China.;Cheng, HM (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, 72 Wenhua Rd, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China;

3,670 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2015-Applied Energy
Abstract: Electrical power generation is changing dramatically across the world because of the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to introduce mixed energy sources. The power network faces great challenges in transmission and distribution to meet demand with unpredictable daily and seasonal variations. Electrical Energy Storage (EES) is recognized as underpinning technologies to have great potential in meeting these challenges, whereby energy is stored in a certain state, according to the technology used, and is converted to electrical energy when needed. However, the wide variety of options and complex characteristic matrices make it difficult to appraise a specific EES technology for a particular application. This paper intends to mitigate this problem by providing a comprehensive and clear picture of the state-of-the-art technologies available, and where they would be suited for integration into a power generation and distribution system. The paper starts with an overview of the operation principles, technical and economic performance features and the current research and development of important EES technologies, sorted into six main categories based on the types of energy stored. Following this, a comprehensive comparison and an application potential analysis of the reviewed technologies are presented.

2,184 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper reviews the development of latent heat thermal energy storage systems studied detailing various phase change materials (PCMs) investigated over the last three decades, the heat transfer and enhancement techniques employed in PCMs to effectively charge and discharge latent heat energy and the formulation of the phase change problem. It also examines the geometry and configurations of PCM containers and a series of numerical and experimental tests undertaken to assess the effects of parameters such as the inlet temperature and the mass flow rate of the heat transfer fluid (HTF). It is concluded that most of the phase change problems have been carried out at temperature ranges between 0 °C and 60 °C suitable for domestic heating applications. In terms of problem formulation, the common approach has been the use of enthalpy formulation. Heat transfer in the phase change problem was previously formulated using pure conduction approach but the problem has moved to a different level of complexity with added convection in the melt being accounted for. There is no standard method (such as British Standards or EU standards) developed to test for PCMs, making it difficult for comparison to be made to assess the suitability of PCMs to particular applications. A unified platform such as British Standards, EU standards needs to be developed to ensure same or similar procedure and analysis (performance curves) to allow comparison and knowledge gained from one test to be applied to another.

1,385 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Dan Zhou1, Changying Zhao2, Yuan Tian1Institutions (2)
01 Apr 2012-Applied Energy
Abstract: Thermal energy storage with phase change materials (PCMs) offers a high thermal storage density with a moderate temperature variation, and has attracted growing attention due to its important role in achieving energy conservation in buildings with thermal comfort. Various methods have been investigated by previous researchers to incorporate PCMs into the building structures, and it has been found that with the help of PCMs the indoor temperature fluctuations can be reduced significantly whilst maintaining desirable thermal comfort. This paper summarises previous works on latent thermal energy storage in building applications, covering PCMs, the impregnation methods, current building applications and their thermal performance analyses, as well as numerical simulation of buildings with PCMs. Over 100 references are included in this paper.

1,336 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In recent years the use of thermal energy storage with phase change materials has become a topic with a lot of interest within the research community, but also within architects and engineers. Many publications have appeared, and several books, but the information is disseminated and not very much organised. This paper shows a review of the latest publications on the use of phase change materials (PCM) in buildings. The paper compiles information about the requirements of the use of this technology, classification of materials, materials available and problems and possible solutions on the application of such materials in buildings.

1,148 citations

More filters

31 Dec 1959-
Abstract: This classic account describes the known exact solutions of problems of heat flow, with detailed discussion of all the most important boundary value problems.

21,797 citations

01 Jan 1980-
Abstract: This book focuses on heat and mass transfer, fluid flow, chemical reaction, and other related processes that occur in engineering equipment, the natural environment, and living organisms. Using simple algebra and elementary calculus, the author develops numerical methods for predicting these processes mainly based on physical considerations. Through this approach, readers will develop a deeper understanding of the underlying physical aspects of heat transfer and fluid flow as well as improve their ability to analyze and interpret computed results.

21,638 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
A. Abhat1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1983-Solar Energy
Abstract: Heat-of-fusion storage materials for low temperature latent heat storage in the temperature range 0–120°C are reviewed. Organic and inorganic heat storage materials classified as paraffins, fatty acids, inorganic salt hydrates and eutectic compounds are considered. The melting and freezing behaviour of the various substances is investigated using the techniques of Thermal Analysis and Differential Scanning Calorimetry. The importance of thermal cycling tests for establishing the long-term stability of the storage materials is discussed. Finally, some data pertaining to the corrosion compatibility of heat-of-fusion substances with conventional materials of construction is presented.

1,294 citations

Additional excerpts

  • ...The PCM to be used in the design of thermal-storage systems should passes desirable thermophysical, kinetics and chemical properties which are as follows [8,9]:...


01 Nov 1992-
TL;DR: This reference book presents mathematical models of melting and solidification processes thare are key to the effective performance of latent heat thermal energy storage systems (LHTES), utilized in a wide range of heat transfer and industrial applications.
Abstract: This reference book presents mathematical models of melting and solidification processes thare are key to the effective performance of latent heat thermal energy storage systems (LHTES), utilized in a wide range of heat transfer and industrial applications. Especially timely, this topic has spurred a growth in research into LHTES applications in energy conservation and utilization, space station power systems, and thermal protection of electronic equipment in hostile environments. Further, interest in mathematical modeling has increased dramatically with the spread of high-powered computers used in most industrial and academic settings. In two sections, the book first describes modeling of phase change processes and then describes applications for LHTES.

766 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The idea of improving the thermal comfort of lightweight buildings by integrating phase-change materials (PCMs) into the building structure has been investigated in various research projects over several decades. Most of these attempts applied macro-capsules or direct immersion processes, which both turned out to present several drawbacks. Due to these problems, none of these PCM products was successful in the wider market. The new option to micro-encapsulate PCMs, a key technology which overcomes many of these problems, may make PCM products accessible for the building industry. This paper describes the work done at Fraunhofer ISE within a German government-funded project over the last 5 years, extending from building simulations to first measurements of full-size rooms equipped with PCM. The first products are now available on the market.

496 citations

"Review on thermal energy storage wi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...[84] described the work done at Fraunhofer ISE within a German government-funded project over the last 5 years, extending from building simulations to first measurements of full-size rooms equipped with PCM....


No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years