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Dissertation

Rhyddfrydiaeth ac adferiad iaith

01 Jan 2009-
About: The article was published on 2009-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 6 citations till now.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a judge in some representative American jurisdiction is assumed to accept the main uncontroversial constitutive and regulative rules of the law in his jurisdiction and to follow earlier decisions of their court or higher courts whose rationale, as l
Abstract: 1.. HARD CASES 5. Legal Rights A. Legislation . . . We might therefore do well to consider how a philosophical judge might develop, in appropriate cases, theories of what legislative purpose and legal principles require. We shall find that he would construct these theories in the same manner as a philosophical referee would construct the character of a game. I have invented, for this purpose, a lawyer of superhuman skill, learning, patience and acumen, whom I shall call Hercules. I suppose that Hercules is a judge in some representative American jurisdiction. I assume that he accepts the main uncontroversial constitutive and regulative rules of the law in his jurisdiction. He accepts, that is, that statutes have the general power to create and extinguish legal rights, and that judges have the general duty to follow earlier decisions of their court or higher courts whose rationale, as l

2,050 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argued that certain kinds of "collective rights" for minority cultures are consistent with liberal democratic principles, and that standard liberal objections to recognizing such rights on grounds of individual freedom, social justice, and national unity can be answered.
Abstract: The increasingly multicultural fabric of modern societies has given rise to many new issues and conflicts, as ethnic and national minorities demand recognition and support for their cultural identity. This book presents a new conception of the rights and status of minority cultures. It argues that certain sorts of 'collective rights' for minority cultures are consistent with liberal democratic principles, and that standard liberal objections to recognizing such rights on grounds of individual freedom, social justice, and national unity, can be answered. However, Professor Kymlicka emphasises that no single formula can be applied to all groups and that the needs and aspirations of immigrants are very different from those of indigenous peoples and national minorities. The book discusses issues such as language rights, group representation, religious education, federalism, and secession - issues which are central to understanding multicultural politics, but which have been surprisingly neglected in contemporary liberal theory.

241 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a complete edition of the book in pdf format in txt, doc, PDF, DjVu, ePub, and ePub forms.
Abstract: If you are looking for the ebook Spreading the Word: The Welsh Language 2001 by Harold Carter;John Aitchison in pdf format, in that case you come on to the faithful website. We furnish complete edition of this ebook in txt, doc, PDF, DjVu, ePub forms. You may reading by Harold Carter;John Aitchison online Spreading the Word: The Welsh Language 2001 or downloading. Withal, on our site you may reading the manuals and other art eBooks online, or download them. We like to draw on regard what our site does not store the book itself, but we grant reference to site wherever you may downloading or read online. So if you have necessity to download by Harold Carter;John Aitchison Spreading the Word: The Welsh Language 2001 pdf, then you've come to the loyal website. We own Spreading the Word: The Welsh Language 2001 PDF, ePub, DjVu, doc, txt formats. We will be pleased if you will be back to us afresh.

26 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: This paper argued that comprehensive language rights are to be accorded to linguistic minorities that possess the strongest intrinsic interest in the protection of their own language as their marker of cultural identity, and applied this criterion to the Israeli case, where there are two dominant linguistic minorities: the Arab national minority and the Jewish Russian immigrant minority.
Abstract: In the postcolonial era, we have witnessed waves of mass immigration. Consequently, many states are no longer associated with just one or two national languages. Newly formed immigrant minorities raise demands for language rights, alongside national minorities, which raise similar demands. Such a complex situation exists, for example, in Canada, where only French and English are declared official languages although there are other languages, such as Chinese, which are spoken by large communities of people. My paper addresses the general question of which linguistic minorities are most entitled to comprehensive language rights. Will Kymlicka distinguishes between national minorities, which he regards as deserving of comprehensive language rights, and immigrant minorities which are not. Many scholars challenge Kymlicka's distinction. However, none of them have suggested alternative criteria for distinguishing minority languages that are entitled to protection from minority languages that are less entitled to protection. In my paper, I suggest such a criterion. My alternative criterion is based on the intrinsic interest people have in protecting their own language as the marker of their cultural identity, thus, comprehensive language rights are to be accorded to linguistic minorities that possess the strongest intrinsic interest in the protection of their language as their marker of cultural identity. I apply my criterion to the Israeli case, in which there are two dominant linguistic minorities: the Arab national minority and the Jewish Russian immigrant minority. Relying on general criticism of Kymlicka's distinction, I argue that this distinction is not applicable to the Israeli linguistic case. Applying my alternative criterion to the Israeli case, I argue that Israeli Arabs have a stronger interest in Arabic than the Russian Jewish minority has in Russian because Arabic constitutes Israeli Arabs' exclusive marker of identity.

12 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1991
TL;DR: In this article, the economy of language exchange and its relation to political power is discussed. But the authors focus on the production and reproduction of Legitimate language and do not address its application in the theory of political power.
Abstract: Preface Editor's Introduction General Introduction Part I The Economy of Linguistic Exchanges Introduction 1. The Production and Reproduction of Legitimate Language 2. Price Formation and the Anticipation of Profits Appendix: Did You Say 'Popular'? Part II The Social Institution of Symbolic Power Introduction 3. Authorized Language: The Social Conditions for the Effectiveness of Ritual Discourse 4. Rites of Institution 5. Description and Prescription: The Conditions of Possibility and the Limits of Political Effectiveness 6. Censorship and the Imposition of Form Part III Symbolic Power and the Political Field 7. On Symbolic Power 8. Political Representation: Elements for a Theory of the Political Field 9. Delegation and Political Fetishism 10. Identity and Representation: Elements for a Critical Reflection on the Idea of Region 11. Social Space and the Genesis of 'Classes' Note Index

9,970 citations

Book
01 Jan 1981
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the nature of moral agreement today and the claims of Emotivism, and the failure of the Enlightenment Project of Justifying Morality had to fail.
Abstract: Prologue to the Third Edition \ Preface \ 1. A Disquieting Suggestion \ 2. The Nature of Moral Agreement Today and the Claims of Emotivism \ 3. Emotivism: Social Content and Social Context \ 4. The Predecessor Culture and the Enlightenment Project of Justifying Morality \ 5. Why the Enlightenment Project of Justifying Morality Had to Fail \ 6. Some Consequences of the Failure of the Enlightenment Project \ 7. 'Fact', Explanation and Expertise \ 8. The Character of Generalizations in Social Science and their Lack of Predictive Power \ 9. Nietzsche or Aristotle? \ 10. The Virtues in Heroic Societies \ 11. The Virtues at Athens \ 12. Aristotle's Account of the Virtues \ 13. Medieval Aspects and Occasions \ 14. The Nature of the Virtues \ 15. The Virtues, The Unity of a Human Life and the Concept of a Tradition \ 16. From the Virtues to Virtue and After Virtue \ 17. Justice as a Virtue: Changing Conceptions \ 18. After Virtue: Nietzsche or Aristotle, Trotsky and St Benedict \ 19. Postscript \ Bibliography \ Index.

3,612 citations

Book
01 Jan 1993
TL;DR: The individual and social nature of bilingualism: bilingualism - definitions and distinctions the measurement of bilingualness languages in society language revival and reversal the development of bilingualisms second language acquisition theories of second-language acquisition bilingualism and intelligence bilingualism.
Abstract: Part 1 The individual and social nature of bilingualism: bilingualism - definitions and distinctions the measurement of bilingualism languages in society language revival and reversal the development of bilingualism second language acquisition theories of second language acquisition bilingualism and intelligence bilingualism and thinking cognitive theories of bilingualism and the curriculum. Part 2 Bilingual education and bilingual classrooms: types of bilingual education the effectiveness of bilingual education minority language learning, underachievement and biliteracy second language learning Canadian immersion classrooms a model and a framework of bilingual education the politics of bilingualism multiculturalism and anti-racism.

3,533 citations

Book
01 Jan 1995
TL;DR: The authors argued that certain kinds of "collective rights" for minority cultures are consistent with liberal democratic principles, and that standard liberal objections to recognizing such rights on grounds of individual freedom, social justice, and national unity can be answered.
Abstract: The increasingly multicultural fabric of modern societies has given rise to many new issues and conflicts, as ethnic and national minorities demand recognition and support for their cultural identity. This book presents a new conception of the rights and status of minority cultures. It argues that certain sorts of 'collective rights' for minority cultures are consistent with liberal democratic principles, and that standard liberal objections to recognizing such rights on grounds of individual freedom, social justice, and national unity, can be answered. However, Professor Kymlicka emphasises that no single formula can be applied to all groups and that the needs and aspirations of immigrants are very different from those of indigenous peoples and national minorities. The book discusses issues such as language rights, group representation, religious education, federalism, and secession - issues which are central to understanding multicultural politics, but which have been surprisingly neglected in contemporary liberal theory.

3,453 citations

Book
01 Jan 1977
TL;DR: The Model of Rules I 3. The Model of rules II 4. Hard Cases 5. Constitutional Cases 6. Taking Rights Seriously 8. Civil Disobedience 9. Reverse Discrimination 10. Liberty and Moralism 11.Liberty and Liberalism 12. What Rights Do We Have? 13. Can Rights be Controversial? Appendix: A Reply to Critics Index as mentioned in this paper
Abstract: Introduction 1. Jurisprudence 2. The Model of Rules I 3. The Model of Rules II 4. Hard Cases 5. Constitutional Cases 6. Justice and Rights 7. Taking Rights Seriously 8. Civil Disobedience 9. Reverse Discrimination 10. Liberty and Moralism 11. Liberty and Liberalism 12. What Rights Do We Have? 13. Can Rights be Controversial? Appendix: A Reply to Critics Index

3,441 citations