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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.PNPBP.2020.110173

Role of interleukin 8 in depression and other psychiatric disorders.

02 Mar 2021-Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry (Elsevier)-Vol. 106, pp 110173-110173
Abstract: Low grade neuroinflammation has been suggested as one of the underlying mechanisms of many psychiatric diseases as well as cognitive disorders. Interleukin 8 (IL-8), a proinflammatory cytokine produced by many cell types including macrophage and microglia, mainly functions as a neutrophil chemoattractant in the bloodstream. IL-8 is also found in the brain, where it is released from microglia in response to proinflammatory stimuli. In this review, we highlight studies focusing on the role of IL-8 in psychiatric diseases such as major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, sleep disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety disorders and dementia. Increased peripheral IL-8 levels have been reported in these diseases, particularly in schizophrenic disorder, bipolar disorder, obstructive sleep apnea and autism spectrum disorder. The literature on IL-8 and major depression is inconsistent. IL-8 has been found to be a factor associated with schizophrenic prognosis and therapeutic response, and may affect a wide range of symptomatology. Considering that the exact role of immune alterations is still under research, the success of immune-based therapies in psychiatric diseases is limited for the time being.

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Topics: Bipolar disorder (62%), Schizophrenia (60%), Mood disorders (59%) ... read more
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6 results found


Open accessJournal Article
Antony Payton1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Identifying the risk factors for individual differences in age-related cognitive ability and decline is amongst the greatest challenges facing the healthcare of older people. Cognitive impairment caused by “normal ageing” is a major contributor towards overall cognitive deficit in the elderly and a process that exhibits substantial inter- and intra-individual differences. Both cognitive ability and its decline with age are influenced by genetic variation that may act independently or via epistasis/gene-environment interaction. Over the past fourteen years genetic research has aimed to identify the polymorphisms responsible for high cognitive functioning and successful cognitive ageing. Unfortunately, during this period a bewildering array of contrasting reports have appeared in the literature that have implicated over 50 genes with effect sizes ranging from 0.1 to 21%. This review will provide a comprehensive account of the studies performed on cognitively healthy individuals, from the first study conducted in 1995 to present. Based on current knowledge the strong and weak methodologies will be identified and suggestions for future study design will be presented.

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Topics: Cognitive skill (56%), Cognitive deficit (55%), Cognition (54%)

9 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1134/S0006297921060031
Natalia V. Gulyaeva1Institutions (1)
01 Jun 2021-Biochemistry
Abstract: The review discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms common to the temporal lobe epileptogenesis/epilepsy and depressive disorders. Comorbid temporal lobe epilepsy and depression are associated with dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Excessive glucocorticoids disrupt the function and impair the structure of the hippocampus, a brain region key to learning, memory, and emotions. Selective vulnerability of the hippocampus to stress, mediated by the reception of glucocorticoid hormones secreted during stress, is the price of the high functional plasticity and pleiotropy of this limbic structure. Common molecular and cellular mechanisms include the dysfunction of glucocorticoid receptors, neurotransmitters, and neurotrophic factors, development of neuroinflammation, leading to neurodegeneration and loss of hippocampal neurons, as well as disturbances in neurogenesis in the subgranular neurogenic niche and formation of aberrant neural networks. These glucocorticoid-dependent processes underlie altered stress response and the development of chronic stress-induced comorbid pathologies, in particular, temporal lobe epilepsy and depressive disorders.

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Topics: Epileptogenesis (59%), Hippocampus (56%), Epilepsy (53%) ... read more

3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S00128-021-03224-5
Xuepeng Wang1, Miaomiao Gao1, Yixi Tan1, Qi Li  +7 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: This study explored effects of dietary OCP intake from plant-origin foods (cereals, fruits, and vegetables) consumption on lipid metabolism and inflammation of women using a multiple follow-up study. The results showed that dietary intake of p,p′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) [β = − 10.11, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): − 17.32, − 2.905] and o,p′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) (β = − 6.077, 95%CI: − 9.954, − 2.200) were overall negatively associated with serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), whereas other OCPs were not. Serum interleukin (IL)-8 was positively associated with intake of dieldrin (β = 0.390, 95%CI: 0.105, 0.674), endosulfan-β (β = 0.361, 95%CI: 0.198, 0.523), total endosulfan (β = 0.136, 95%CI: 0.037, 0.234), and total OCPs (β = 0.084, 95%CI: 0.016, 0.153), and negatively correlated with intake of p,p′-DDE (β = − 2.692, 95%CI: − 5.185, − 0.198). We concluded that dietary intake of some individual DDT-, DDE- dieldrin-, and endosulfan-class chemicals from plant-origin foods may interfere with lipid metabolism and inflammation responses.

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1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/SCHBUL/SBAB106
John Abel Engh1, Thor Ueland1, Thor Ueland2, Thor Ueland3  +40 moreInstitutions (9)
Abstract: BACKGROUND Immune dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and other nonaffective psychosis (SCZ), bipolar spectrum disorder (BIP) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The cytokines B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) belong to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) super family and are essential in orchestrating immune responses. Abnormal levels of BAFF and APRIL have been found in autoimmune diseases with CNS affection. METHODS We investigated if plasma levels of BAFF and APRIL differed between patients with SCZ, BIP, and MDD with psychotic symptoms (n = 2009) and healthy control subjects (HC, n = 1212), and tested for associations with psychotic symptom load, controlling for sociodemographic status, antipsychotic and other psychotropic medication, smoking, body-mass-index, and high sensitivity CRP. RESULTS Plasma APRIL level was significantly lower across all patient groups compared to HC (P < .001; Cohen's d = 0.33), and in SCZ compared to HC (P < .001; d = 0.28) and in BIP compared to HC (P < .001; d = 0.37). Lower plasma APRIL was associated with higher psychotic symptom load with nominal significance (P = .017), but not with any other clinical characteristics. Plasma BAFF was not significantly different across patient groups vs HC, but significantly higher in BIP compared to HC (P = .040; d = 0.12) and SCZ (P = .027; d = 0.10). CONCLUSIONS These results show aberrant levels of BAFF and APRIL and association with psychotic symptoms in patients with SCZ and BIP. This suggest that dysregulation of the TNF system, mediated by BAFF and APRIL, is involved in the pathophysiology of psychotic disorders.

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Topics: B-cell activating factor (52%)

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JAD.2021.10.042
Xiao Liu1, Jingjing Huang1, Yuan Jiang1, Zhengyu Cao1  +8 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Background Levels of inflammatory markers are elevated in patients with psychological disorders. However, anti-psychological drugs have an effect on proinflammatory cytokine production and disturb their relationship. Limited evidence focuses on the inflammatory marker profile of psychological status before treatment. This study aimed to investigate the inflammatory biomarker profiles of psychological treatment-naive individuals. Methods We included 790 psychological treatment-naive individuals from a longitudinal cohort study of Midlife in the United States (MIDUS). Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) subscales, the Social Anxiety Scale (STAI), and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), respectively. Results Spearman correlation analysis showed that a higher CESD total score was correlated with higher CRP (p=0.009), IL-6 (p=0.007), fibrinogen (p=0.036), E-selectin (p=0.018), ICAM-1 (p=0.013), and IL-8 (p=0.05) levels. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the CESD total score was positively associated with the levels of IL-6 (p=0.024) after adjustments. Moreover, the perceived stress score (PSS) was negatively associated with the levels of IL-8 (p=0.025). However, these associations were not significant after multiple testing (p=0.088, 0.091, respectively). Limitations The casual relationship cannot be drawn due to the cross-sectional design Conclusion Overall, our results suggested IL-6 and IL-8 might play a important role in the pathogenesis of psychological disorder. Larger and longitude studies are needed to confirm our results.

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176 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIOPSYCH.2009.09.033
Abstract: Background Major depression occurs in 4.4% to 20% of the general population. Studies suggest that major depression is accompanied by immune dysregulation and activation of the inflammatory response system (IRS). Our objective was to quantitatively summarize the data on concentrations of specific cytokines in patients diagnosed with a major depressive episode and controls. Methods We performed a meta-analysis of studies measuring cytokine concentration in patients with major depression, with a database search of the English literature (to August 2009) and a manual search of references. Results Twenty-four studies involving unstimulated measurements of cytokines in patients meeting DSM criteria for major depression were included in the meta-analysis; 13 for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, 9 for interleukin (IL)-1β, 16 for IL-6, 5 for IL-4, 5 for IL-2, 4 for IL-8, 6 for IL-10, and 4 for interferon (IFN)-γ. There were significantly higher concentrations of TNF-α ( p p Conclusions This meta-analysis reports significantly higher concentrations of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in depressed subjects compared with control subjects. While both positive and negative results have been reported in individual studies, this meta-analytic result strengthens evidence that depression is accompanied by activation of the IRS.

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Topics: Proinflammatory cytokine (56%), Major depressive episode (54%), Population (51%) ... read more

3,202 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NRN2038
Abstract: Mounting evidence indicates that microglial activation contributes to neuronal damage in neurodegenerative diseases. Recent studies show that in response to certain environmental toxins and endogenous proteins, microglia can enter an overactivated state and release reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause neurotoxicity. Pattern recognition receptors expressed on the microglial surface seem to be one of the primary, common pathways by which diverse toxin signals are transduced into ROS production. Overactivated microglia can be detected using imaging techniques and therefore this knowledge offers an opportunity not only for early diagnosis but, importantly, for the development of targeted anti-inflammatory therapies that might slow or halt the progression of neurodegenerative disease.

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Topics: Neurotoxicity (52%)

3,130 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)02088-9
Abstract: Sickness behaviour represents the expression of the adaptive reorganization of the priorities of the host during an infectious episode. This process is triggered by pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by peripheral phagocytic cells in contact with invading micro-organisms. The peripheral immune message is relayed to the brain via a fast neural pathway and a slower humoral pathway, resulting in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in macrophage-like cells and microglia in the brain. The cellular and molecular components of this previously unsuspected system are being progressively identified. These advances are opening new avenues for understanding brain disorders, including depression.

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Topics: Sickness behavior (56%), Microglia (53%), Neural Pathway (51%) ... read more

877 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1718038
04 Oct 1991-Science
Abstract: Movement of neutrophils from the bloodstream to inflamed tissue depends on the activation of both the neutrophil and the endothelial cell. Endothelial cells lining the postcapillary venule respond to proinflammatory mediators by expressing adhesion molecules and synthesizing a variety of neutrophil-activating factors. Endothelial cell production of a 77-amino acid variant of interleukin-8 (IL-8) was found to be a requirement for the invasion of neutrophils through a vessel wall model. IL-8 secreted by cytokine- or lipopolysaccharide-stimulated endothelial cells induced the rapid shedding of neutrophil lectin adhesion molecule-1, the up-regulation of leukocyte beta 2 integrins, and the attachment and transmigration of the neutrophils. Thus, endogenous endothelial IL-8 regulates transvenular traffic during acute inflammatory responses.

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Topics: Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (61%), E-selectin (57%), Endothelium (57%) ... read more

808 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIOPSYCH.2010.06.012
Abstract: Background Studies suggest that inflammation is involved in the neurodegenerative cascade leading to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and symptoms. This study sought to quantitatively summarize the clinical cytokine data. Methods Original English language peer-reviewed studies measuring cytokine concentrations in AD and healthy control subjects were included. Mean (±standard deviation) cytokine concentrations for AD and control subjects were extracted. Results Forty studies measuring peripheral blood cytokine concentrations and 14 measuring cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytokine concentrations were included. In peripheral blood, there were significantly higher concentrations (weighted mean difference [95% confidence interval]) of interleukin (IL)-6 (2.86 [1.68, 4.04] pg/mL, p N [AD/control subjects] = 985/680, 14 studies), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (3.25 [.76, 5.74] pg/mL, p = .01, N = 680/447, 14 studies), IL-1β (.55 [.32, .78] pg/mL, p N = 574/370, 10 studies), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β (67.23 [28.62, 105.83] pg/mL, p = .0006, N = 190/158, 5 studies), IL-12 (7.60 [5.58, 9.62] pg/mL, p N = 148/106, 5 studies), and IL-18 (15.82 [1.98, 29.66] pg/mL, p = .03, N = 131/94, 4 studies) but not of IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, interferon-γ, or C-reactive protein in AD subjects compared with control subjects. There were significantly higher concentrations of TGF-β (7.81 [2.27, 13.35] pg/mL, p =.006, N = 113/114, 5 studies) but not IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β in the CSF of AD subjects compared with control subjects. Conclusions These results strengthen the clinical evidence that AD is accompanied by an inflammatory response, particularly higher peripheral concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, TGF-β, IL-12 and IL-18 and higher CSF concentrations of TGF-β.

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739 Citations