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Book ChapterDOI

Role of Photo-catalysis in Water Remediation

TL;DR: In this article, the fundamental aspect of photo-catalytic phenomenon and its significant role in water purification are discussed. And explicit examples on the amalgamation of photocatalysis and various photo catalytic set-ups developed are also illustrated.
Abstract: Photo-catalysis is one of the most explored phenomenons to obtain potable water in remote areas. The term “photo-catalysis” is understood as a chemical reaction which is caused by photo-absorption of a matter also known as “photo-catalyst”, which remains unaltered throughout the reaction. In this process, water molecules adsorbed over the surface of photo-catalysts in normal environments are used to participate in the reaction to decompose pollutants in water. Since the photo-catalytic reactions are possible in air, the oxygen reduction is the significant phenomenon in photo-catalytic reduction. This chapter aims to cover the fundamental aspect of photo-catalytic phenomenon and its significant role in water purification. Explicit examples on the amalgamation of photo-catalysis and various photo-catalytic set-ups developed are also illustrated.
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TL;DR: In this article , the authors explored pulse electrodeposition as a fabrication technique for manufacturing ZnO nanostructures on Nickel tubular thin films to be used as catalysts for degradation of harmful dyes in waste water.

9 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on interfacial processes and summarize some of the operating principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis systems, including the electron transfer and energy transfer processes in photocatalytic reactions.
Abstract: In 1972, Fujishima and Honda discovered the photocatalytic splitting of water on TiO{sub 2} electrodes. This event marked the beginning of a new era in heterogeneous photocatalysis. Since then, research efforts in understanding the fundamental processes and in enhancing the photocatalytic efficiency of TiO{sub 2} have come from extensive research performed by chemists, physicists, and chemical engineers. Such studies are often related to energy renewal and energy storage. In recent years, applications to environmental cleanup have been one of the most active areas in heterogeneous photocatalysis. This is inspired by the potential application of TiO{sub 2}-based photocatalysts for the total destruction of organic compounds in polluted air and wastewaters. There exists a vast body of literature dealing with the electron transfer and energy transfer processes in photocatalytic reactions. A detailed description of these processes is beyond the scope of this review. Here, the authors tend to focus on interfacial processes and to summarize some of the operating principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis. In section 2, the authors first look at the electronic excitation processes in a molecule and in a semiconductor substrate. The electronic interaction between the adsorbate molecule and the catalyst substrate is discussed in terms of the catalyzed ormore » sensitized photoreactions. In section 3, thermal and photocatalytic studies on TiO{sub 2} are summarized with emphasis on the common characteristics and fundamental principles of the TiO{sub 2}-based photocatalysis systems. In section 4, they address the research effort in the electronic modification of the semiconductor catalysts and its effect on the photocatalytic efficiency. Several representative examples will be presented including the Schottky barrier formation and modification at metal-semiconductor interfaces. Some concluding remarks and future research directions will be given in the final section. 160 refs.« less

10,719 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the current progress in the area of TiO 2 photocatalysis, mainly photocatalytic air purification, sterilization and cancer therapy is discussed in this paper.
Abstract: Scientific studies on photocatalysis started about two and a half decades ago. Titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), which is one of the most basic materials in our daily life, has emerged as an excellent photocatalyst material for environmental purification. In this review, current progress in the area of TiO 2 photocatalysis, mainly photocatalytic air purification, sterilization and cancer therapy are discussed together with some fundamental aspects. A novel photoinduced superhydrophilic phenomenon involving TiO 2 and its applications are presented.

6,802 citations

01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: A review of the current progress in the area of TiO 2 photocatalysis, mainly photocatalytic air purification, sterilization and cancer therapy is discussed in this article.
Abstract: Abstract Scientific studies on photocatalysis started about two and a half decades ago. Titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), which is one of the most basic materials in our daily life, has emerged as an excellent photocatalyst material for environmental purification. In this review, current progress in the area of TiO 2 photocatalysis, mainly photocatalytic air purification, sterilization and cancer therapy are discussed together with some fundamental aspects. A novel photoinduced superhydrophilic phenomenon involving TiO 2 and its applications are presented.

6,294 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-analyses of the chiral stationary phase transition of Na6(CO3)(SO4)2, Na2SO4, and Na2CO3 of the Na2O/Na2O 2 mixture at the stationary phase and shows clear patterns in the response of these two materials to each other.
Abstract: Jenny Schneider,*,† Masaya Matsuoka,‡ Masato Takeuchi,‡ Jinlong Zhang, Yu Horiuchi,‡ Masakazu Anpo,‡ and Detlef W. Bahnemann*,† †Institut fur Technische Chemie, Leibniz Universitaẗ Hannover, Callinstrasse 3, D-30167 Hannover, Germany ‡Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, 1 Gakuen-cho, Sakai Osaka 599-8531, Japan Key Lab for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China

4,353 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the development of different strategies to modify TiO2 for the utilization of visible light, including non metal and/or metal doping, dye sensitization and coupling semiconductors are discussed.
Abstract: Fujishima and Honda (1972) demonstrated the potential of titanium dioxide (TiO2) semiconductor materials to split water into hydrogen and oxygen in a photo-electrochemical cell. Their work triggered the development of semiconductor photocatalysis for a wide range of environmental and energy applications. One of the most significant scientific and commercial advances to date has been the development of visible light active (VLA) TiO2 photocatalytic materials. In this review, a background on TiO2 structure, properties and electronic properties in photocatalysis is presented. The development of different strategies to modify TiO2 for the utilization of visible light, including non metal and/or metal doping, dye sensitization and coupling semiconductors are discussed. Emphasis is given to the origin of visible light absorption and the reactive oxygen species generated, deduced by physicochemical and photoelectrochemical methods. Various applications of VLA TiO2, in terms of environmental remediation and in particular water treatment, disinfection and air purification, are illustrated. Comprehensive studies on the photocatalytic degradation of contaminants of emerging concern, including endocrine disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, cyanotoxins and volatile organic compounds, with VLA TiO2 are discussed and compared to conventional UV-activated TiO2 nanomaterials. Recent advances in bacterial disinfection using VLA TiO2 are also reviewed. Issues concerning test protocols for real visible light activity and photocatalytic efficiencies with different light sources have been highlighted.

3,305 citations