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Journal ArticleDOI

Screening of different Kluyveromyces strains for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation

19 Jul 2005-Acta Alimentaria (Akadémiai Kiadó)-

About: This article is published in Acta Alimentaria.The article was published on 2005-07-19 and is currently open access. It has received 2 citation(s) till now. The article focuses on the topic(s): Kluyveromyces.
Topics: Kluyveromyces (58%)
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Amo acid sequence alignment of N-terminal sequence data allows the α-galactosidase from Thermomyces lanuginosus to be classified in glycosyl hydrolase family 36.
Abstract: High levels of an extracellular alpha-galactosidase are produced by the thermophilic fungus Thermomyces lanuginosus CBS 395.62/b when grown in submerse culture and induced by sucrose. The enzyme was purified 114-fold from the culture supernatant by (NH(4))(2)SO(4) fractionation, and by chromatographical steps including Sepharose CL-6B gel filtration, DEAE-Sepharose FF anion-exchange, Q-Sepharose FF anion-exchange and Superose 12 gel filtration. The purified enzyme exhibits apparent homogeneity as judged by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and iso-electric focusing (IEF). The native molecular weight of the monomeric alpha-galactosidase is 93 kDa with an isoelectric point of 3.9. The enzyme displays a pH and temperature optimum of 5-5.5 and 65 degrees C, respectively. The purified enzyme retains more than 90% of its activity at 45 degrees C in a pH range from 5.5 to 9.0. The enzyme proves to be a glycoprotein and its carbohydrate content is 5.3%. Kinetic parameters were determined for the substrates p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactopyranoside, raffinose and stachyose and very similar K(m) values of 1.13 mM, 1.61 mM and 1.17 mM were found. Mn(++) ions activates enzyme activity, whereas inhibitory effects can be observed with Ca(++), Zn(++) and Hg(++). Five min incubation at 65 degrees with 10 mM Ag(+) results in complete inactivation of the purified alpha-galactosidase. Amino acid sequence alignment of N-terminal sequence data allows the alpha-galactosidase from Thermomyces lanuginosus to be classified in glycosyl hydrolase family 36.

48 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A three-stage bioethanol bioprocess was developed, and amylases obtained from Rhizopus microsporus var.
Abstract: A three-stage bioethanol bioprocess was developed. Firstly, amylases were obtained from Rhizopus microsporus var. oligosporus using wheat bran in solid-state fermentation. Secondly, amylases hydrolyzed a rice byproduct to make a glucose-rich solution, and this sugar was finally metabolized by Saccharomyces cerevisiae to produce bioethanol. Besides, the secreted enzymes were also partially purified and characterized. The amylase activity (AA) in the crude extract was 358 U/g substrate, and the partially purified enzyme showed the best activity in the 4.0–5.5 pH range. A wide pH stability range (3.5–8.5) was confirmed. The amylase was thermostable up to 60 °C. The ion Mn+2 (10 mM) improved by 60% the AA. There was a 54.9% yield in the conversion of rice residues into reducing sugars in 10 h. The glucose-rich solution was undergone fermentation by S. cerevisiae and showed high ethanol efficiency, 95.8% of the theoretical value. These results suggested a promising technology for bioethanol production.

4 citations