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Journal ArticleDOI

Screening of Selected West Bengal Plants for Antifungal Activity

01 Jul 1972-Economic Botany (Springer-Verlag)-Vol. 26, Iss: 3, pp 255-259
TL;DR: A systematic screening of 170 different West Bengal plants was carried out to find antifungal antibiotics, using Aspergillus niger and Trichophyton rubrum as test organisms, and four plant species were found to contain active antibiotic principles with strong inhibitory effects against both test organisms.

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Abstract: A systematic screening of 170 different West Bengal plants was carried out to find antifungal antibiotics, usingAspergillus niger andTrichophyton rubrum as test organisms. From them, four plant species, viz.Curcuma zedoaria, C. aromatica, C. amada, and aBrassica sp. have been found to contain active antibiotic principles with strong inhibitory effects against both test organisms.

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Topics: Antifungal antibiotic (69%)
Citations
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Book
05 Oct 2012-
TL;DR: Herbs, spices and their active components as natural antimicrobials in foods Effect of natural antioxidants in herbs and spices on shelf life of foods is studied.

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Abstract: Herbs, spices and their active components as natural antimicrobials in foods Effect of natural antioxidants in herbs and spices on shelf life of foods Ajowan Aniseed Asafoetida Allspice Capers and caperberries Caraway Celery Chervil Fennel and fennel seed Galangal Kaffir lime leaf Lavender Lemongrass Lovage Nigella Oregano Poppy Sesame Star anise Tarragon Tamarind Other significant herbs and spices.

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613 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
P. G. Ray, S. K. Majumdar1Institutions (1)
01 Oct 1976-Economic Botany
TL;DR: Antimicrobial activity of 105 Indian plant species was tested; among them, 30 showed antibacterial activity; 20 of these exhibited antifungal action as well.

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Abstract: Antimicrobial activity of 105 Indian plant species was tested. Among them, 30 showed antibacterial activity; 20 of these exhibited antifungal action as well. Seeds ofCarum copticum, stem ofPinus longifolia, roots ofPlumbago zeylanica andSaussurea lappa, and rhizome ofAlpinia officinarum have considerable antifungal activity, especially against pathogenic fungi. Antibiotic activity against a wide variety of microorganisms—pathogenic and nonpathogenic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, yeast, and fungi—was also noted with leaves ofLawsonia inermis, roots ofPlumbago zeylanica, and fruits ofTamarindus indica,Terminalia belerica, andEmblica officinalis.

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74 citations


Cites background from "Screening of Selected West Bengal P..."

  • ..., Carum copticum (6), Myrica nagi (3), Tamarindus indica (3), Curcuma zedoaria (6, 10), Emblica o~cinalis (3), and Piper nigrum (7)....

    [...]

  • ...(6) (Gupta and Banerjee, however, made no report about its antibacterial property), Plumbago zeylanica (15), etc....

    [...]

  • ...Gupta and Banerjee (6) reported the results of testing plants for antifungal activity....

    [...]


Journal Article
TL;DR: The extract of Curcuma amada rhizomes showed antiinflammatory activity in acute and chronic administration in albino rats.

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Abstract: Objectives: To study the antiinflammatory activity of Curcuma amada rhizome extract in albino rats. Methods: Rhizomes of Curcuma amada were extracted and subjected to spectroscopic studies. The extract was screened for antiinflammatory activity in albino rats using acute carrageenan paw oedema and chronic granuloma pouch model. Results: The extract showed presence of chemical compounds with hydroxyl, ester, carbonyl and olefin funtionalities and exhibited dose dependant antiinflammatory activity in acute and chronic models. Conclusions: The extract of Curcuma amada rhizomes showed antiinflammatory activity in acute and chronic administration in albino rats. Curcuma amada albino rats antiinflammatory activity SUMMARY

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71 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It can be concluded that the plant species assayed possess antifungal properties and further phytochemical research is needed to identify the active principles responsible for the antIFungal effects of some of these medicinal plants.

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Abstract: Article history: Antifungal activity Medicinal plants Hexane extract Ethyl acetate extract Methanol extract Minimum inhibitory concentration Broth microdilution method Phytochemical Active principles Fungi Objective: To assess the antifungal activity of hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of 45 medicinal plants and to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration for each extract against human pathogenic fungi. Methods: A total of 45 medicinal plants were collected from different places of Tamil Nadu and identified. Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of 45 medicinal plants were assessed for antifungal susceptibility using broth microdilution method. Two known antifungal agents were used as positive controls. Results: Most of the extracts inhibited more than four fungal strains. From the evaluation we found that ethyl acetate extracts inhibited large number of fungal growth. Hexane extracts also nearly showed the same level of inhibition against fungal growth. Methanol extracts showed the minimum antifungal activity. Among the 45 plants tested, broad spectrum antifungal activity was detected in Albizzia procera (A. procera), Atalantia monophylla, Asclepias curassavica, Azima tetracantha, Cassia fistula (C. fistula), Cinnomomum verum, Costus speciosus (C. speciosus), Nymphaea stellata, Osbeckia chinensis, Piper argyrophyllum, Punica granatum, Tinospora cordifolia and Toddalia asiatica (T. asiatica). Promising antifungal activity was seen in A. procera, C. speciosus, C. fistula and T. asiatica. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the plant species assayed possess antifungal properties. Further phytochemical research is needed to identify the active principles responsible for the antifungal effects of some of these medicinal plants.

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71 citations


Cites background from "Screening of Selected West Bengal P..."

  • ...Antimicrobial properties of certain Indian medicinal plants were reported based on folklore information[18-25], and a few attempts were made on inhibitory activity against certain pathogenic bacteria and fungi....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper covers the subgenera Isocladus, Kirganelia, Cicca and Emblica, and discusses the apparent clustering of some uses or effects within taxa.

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Abstract: References to either indigenous uses or the results of controlled assays are numerous for species of Pkyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae). These citations have been arranged by subgenus, section, subsection and species and will be published as three separate papers, followed by a paper discussing the apparent clustering of some uses or effects within taxa. This paper, the first of the series, covers the subgenera Isocladus, Kirganelia, Cicca and Emblica.

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53 citations


References
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01 Jan 1968-
TL;DR: Two hundred and eighty-five botanically identifide plant materials have been extracted with 50 percent ethanol and the extracts put through a wide biological screen of 61 tests, which include tests for antibacterial, antifungal, anthelminthic, antiprotozoal, anticancer, antIFertillity, hypoglycaemic and a wide range of pharmacological activities.

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Abstract: Two hundred and eighty-five botanically identifide plant materials have been extracted with 50 percent ethanol and the extracts put through a wide biological screen of 61 tests. These include tests for antibacterial, antifungal, anthelminthic, antiprotozoal, anticancer, antifertillity, hypoglycaemic and a wide range of pharmacological activities.

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355 citations


Journal Article
TL;DR: Three hundred botanically identified plant materials have been extracted with 50% ethanol and the extracts put through a wide biological screen, finding biological activities have been confirmed in fractions of fifty-six of these extracts.

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Abstract: Three hundred botanically identified plant materials have been extracted with 50% ethanol and the extracts put through a wide biological screen. These include tests for antibacterial, anticancer, antifertility, antifungal, anthelminthic, antiprotozoal, antiviral and pharmacological activities. Biological activities have been confirmed in fractions of fifty-six of these extracts.

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199 citations


01 Jan 1969-
Abstract: Three hundred botanically identified plant materials have been extracted with 50% ethanol and the extracts put through a wide biological screen. These include tests for antibacterial, anticancer, antifertility, antifungal, anthelminthic, antiprotozoal, antiviral and pharmacological activities. Biological activities have been confirmed in fractions of fifty-six of these extracts.

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193 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Louis G. Nickell1Institutions (1)
01 Oct 1959-Economic Botany
TL;DR: The array of compounds with unique structures which plants produce has served as a stimulus to continued search for useful antibiotics and active substances have been found in plants from 157 families.

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Abstract: Numerous surveys have demonstrated the wide occurrence of active antimicrobial substances in higher plants. The array of compounds with unique structures which plants produce has served as a stimulus to continued search for useful antibiotics. Reports referred to in the table indicate that active substances have been found in plants from 157 families.

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105 citations


Performance
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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20192
20171
20162
20141
20131
20121