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Book Chapter

Se questo è un uomo

01 Jan 2011-Vol. 1, pp 68-71
About: The article was published on 2011-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 27 citations till now.
Citations
More filters
Dissertation
28 Dec 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, an ethical approach to communication based on the philosophy of Levinas is proposed, which reconfigures the relationship between self and other in dialogic terms, and it repositions intercultural communication from the current emphasis on business and language learning to a reappraisal of the role of dialogue in dealing with intercultural conflicts in multicultural societies.
Abstract: The thesis is concerned with a problematization of the field of intercultural communication. Philosophical inquiry is employed in this thesis to examine intercultural communication from the perspective of existing critical intercultural frameworks, particularly in relation to conceptualisations of cultural difference and the acquisition of communicative competence. In proposing this philosophical approach, the thesis reconfigures the relationship between self and other in dialogic terms, and it repositions intercultural communication from the current emphasis on business and language learning to a reappraisal of the role of dialogue in dealing with intercultural conflicts in multicultural societies. Beginning with a critique of the philosophical presuppositions of communicative competence, the thesis proposes an ethical approach to communication based on the philosophy of Levinas. The thesis suggests a contrasting reading of Kantian autonomy of the individual and Levinasian heteronomy. The former is identified as the source of functionalist competence frameworks, while the latter underpins a notion of ethical engagement and dialogic commitment between individuals belonging to different cultural backgrounds. The thesis eschews essentialist attributions of cultural difference in interaction with the other, and reconfigures intercultural communication within a wider philosophical discourse defined by the ethics of alterity, or thinking about the other. This theoretical stance is achieved in the thesis through a productive confrontation between Levinas and other philosophers who have engaged critically with the notion of alterity, such as Žižek, Badiou and Ricoeur. These theoretical strands are woven together to produce an immanent critique of the field of intercultural communication. This approach offers a conceptualisation of intercultural communication that emphasises ethical engagement with others and the importance of open-ended dialogue, as opposed to a search for a closure of understanding in ideals of universal tolerance. Thus, this thesis acknowledges complexity, contingency and the power relations embedded in communication as constituent of interculturality.

36 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper is about what happens when denial and splitting strategies are suspended, when ‘crypts’ are opened, and is there an analytic ‘poros’ allowing for a controlled return of affects?
Abstract: Surviving a major historical trauma has consequences that are difficult to live with. Survivors who remain silent are often condemned to a desiccated existence, a dried‐out life, a death in life. S...

35 citations


Cites background from "Se questo è un uomo"

  • ...Like Sidney Stewart, Primo Levi is innocent but he feels the need to claim: ‘‘I have not eaten anyone’s bread’’ (1984)....

    [...]

  • ...Primo Levi warns against ‘the danger of looking back’, at them, against the risk involved in looking at ‘the dangerous waters’....

    [...]

  • ...Primo Levi ‘accidentally’ fell down an elevator shaft....

    [...]

  • ...Primo Levi’s warning is the reason for this paper....

    [...]

  • ...In the case of the survivor from Plaszow, Chasseguet offers Primo Levi’s survivor dream....

    [...]

Dissertation
01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a Table of Table of contents of a table of tables: https://www.tableoffeatures.com/table-of-pages/table.
Abstract: ....................................................................................................................... ii Table of

25 citations


Cites background from "Se questo è un uomo"

  • ...Such true interpreter norm, as Harris reiterates, has become an implicit consensus in circles of interpreting practices and studies as well as a foundation for mutual trust between interpreters and their clients. Also, the norms of interpreting do not vary with the modes of interpreting. In Sweden, the dialogue (community) interpreter should interpret “everything said...the way it was said (Wadensjo, 2002[1993]: 355)....

    [...]

  • ...58 22 trainee students, all of whom are Mandarin native speakers, are asked to simultaneously interpret source texts from English to Mandarin, it is found that professional interpreters maintain a higher level of performance than the other two trainee interpreter groups, which the researchers conclude may be because professional interpreters are more experienced in selecting essential source messages and making quick adjustments to difficult units of the source texts. Kopke & Nespoulous (2006) also investigate the difference in working memory performance between professional and trainee interpreters and find that trainee interpreters perform better than professionals in such complex memory tasks as free recall with articulatory suppression, the category probe task, and the listening span test....

    [...]

  • ...58 22 trainee students, all of whom are Mandarin native speakers, are asked to simultaneously interpret source texts from English to Mandarin, it is found that professional interpreters maintain a higher level of performance than the other two trainee interpreter groups, which the researchers conclude may be because professional interpreters are more experienced in selecting essential source messages and making quick adjustments to difficult units of the source texts. Kopke & Nespoulous (2006) also investigate the difference in working memory performance between professional and trainee interpreters and find that trainee interpreters perform better than professionals in such complex memory tasks as free recall with articulatory suppression, the category probe task, and the listening span test. There are some other interpreting studies investigating the difference between novices and experts from linguistic or pragmatic aspects. For instance, investigating coherence in consecutive interpreting, Peng (2009) compares the Chinese-English consecutive renditions produced by eight trainee interpreters and three professional interpreters and finds that trainee interpreters lay stress on local cohesion while professionals focus on global structure of the discourse....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article found that when social exclusion is associated with animal metaphors, its consequences are exacerbated, and that labeling targets of social exclusion as animals indirectly caused them to display more aggressive tendencies compared with when they are labelled with corresponding offending, but nondehumanizing, attributes.
Abstract: Past research suggested that—from the perspective of perpetrators—animal metaphors are a powerful means to reinforce social exclusion and to foster hostile behaviors against the targets of social exclusion. In the current work, we focus on the consequences of this dehumanizing form of social exclusion from the perspective of victims. In two studies, we manipulated the presence of animal metaphors in a variety of contexts of interpersonal social exclusion. Our results showed that when social exclusion is associated with animal metaphors, its consequences are exacerbated. In particular, labelling targets of social exclusion as animals indirectly caused them to display more aggressive tendencies compared with when they are labelled with corresponding offending, but nondehumanizing, attributes. Crucially, this increased aggressiveness was mediated by higher perceptions of being treated (Study 1) or viewed (Study 2) by others as animal-like. Overall, our research showed the detrimental effects of the interplay...

24 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...—Primo Levi (1958)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: What, in most countries, took the form of gradual reform became a radical reaction in Italy and turned one of the most deprived institutional systems into the most radical community mental health care system in the world.
Abstract: Italian psychiatry is usually renowned for the radical anti-institutional movement and the Reform Law of 1978, which requires a historical analysis to understand. In the 1960s, Italian psychiatric culture had reached a deadlock because of its obsolete biological, strictly neuroanatomical, explanatory approach (so-called organicism) postulated by academic institutions and awkwardly implemented in asylum practice. One prominent figure in shaping this philosophy was Cesare Lombroso, internationally known as the father of criminal anthropology. This attitude became sharper and more oppressive during the Fascist regime, where international exchanges and collaboration were discouraged when not repressed. Thus, anachronistic was the situation in the 1960s that the anti-institutional movement founded and led by Franco Basaglia swept professionals, politicians, and public opinion in its wake. What, in most countries, took the form of gradual reform became a radical reaction in Italy and, in less than 20 years, turned one of the most deprived institutional systems into the most radical community mental health care system in the world.

24 citations

References
More filters
Dissertation
28 Dec 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, an ethical approach to communication based on the philosophy of Levinas is proposed, which reconfigures the relationship between self and other in dialogic terms, and it repositions intercultural communication from the current emphasis on business and language learning to a reappraisal of the role of dialogue in dealing with intercultural conflicts in multicultural societies.
Abstract: The thesis is concerned with a problematization of the field of intercultural communication. Philosophical inquiry is employed in this thesis to examine intercultural communication from the perspective of existing critical intercultural frameworks, particularly in relation to conceptualisations of cultural difference and the acquisition of communicative competence. In proposing this philosophical approach, the thesis reconfigures the relationship between self and other in dialogic terms, and it repositions intercultural communication from the current emphasis on business and language learning to a reappraisal of the role of dialogue in dealing with intercultural conflicts in multicultural societies. Beginning with a critique of the philosophical presuppositions of communicative competence, the thesis proposes an ethical approach to communication based on the philosophy of Levinas. The thesis suggests a contrasting reading of Kantian autonomy of the individual and Levinasian heteronomy. The former is identified as the source of functionalist competence frameworks, while the latter underpins a notion of ethical engagement and dialogic commitment between individuals belonging to different cultural backgrounds. The thesis eschews essentialist attributions of cultural difference in interaction with the other, and reconfigures intercultural communication within a wider philosophical discourse defined by the ethics of alterity, or thinking about the other. This theoretical stance is achieved in the thesis through a productive confrontation between Levinas and other philosophers who have engaged critically with the notion of alterity, such as Žižek, Badiou and Ricoeur. These theoretical strands are woven together to produce an immanent critique of the field of intercultural communication. This approach offers a conceptualisation of intercultural communication that emphasises ethical engagement with others and the importance of open-ended dialogue, as opposed to a search for a closure of understanding in ideals of universal tolerance. Thus, this thesis acknowledges complexity, contingency and the power relations embedded in communication as constituent of interculturality.

36 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper is about what happens when denial and splitting strategies are suspended, when ‘crypts’ are opened, and is there an analytic ‘poros’ allowing for a controlled return of affects?
Abstract: Surviving a major historical trauma has consequences that are difficult to live with. Survivors who remain silent are often condemned to a desiccated existence, a dried‐out life, a death in life. S...

35 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a Table of Table of contents of a table of tables: https://www.tableoffeatures.com/table-of-pages/table.
Abstract: ....................................................................................................................... ii Table of

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article found that when social exclusion is associated with animal metaphors, its consequences are exacerbated, and that labeling targets of social exclusion as animals indirectly caused them to display more aggressive tendencies compared with when they are labelled with corresponding offending, but nondehumanizing, attributes.
Abstract: Past research suggested that—from the perspective of perpetrators—animal metaphors are a powerful means to reinforce social exclusion and to foster hostile behaviors against the targets of social exclusion. In the current work, we focus on the consequences of this dehumanizing form of social exclusion from the perspective of victims. In two studies, we manipulated the presence of animal metaphors in a variety of contexts of interpersonal social exclusion. Our results showed that when social exclusion is associated with animal metaphors, its consequences are exacerbated. In particular, labelling targets of social exclusion as animals indirectly caused them to display more aggressive tendencies compared with when they are labelled with corresponding offending, but nondehumanizing, attributes. Crucially, this increased aggressiveness was mediated by higher perceptions of being treated (Study 1) or viewed (Study 2) by others as animal-like. Overall, our research showed the detrimental effects of the interplay...

24 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: What, in most countries, took the form of gradual reform became a radical reaction in Italy and turned one of the most deprived institutional systems into the most radical community mental health care system in the world.
Abstract: Italian psychiatry is usually renowned for the radical anti-institutional movement and the Reform Law of 1978, which requires a historical analysis to understand. In the 1960s, Italian psychiatric culture had reached a deadlock because of its obsolete biological, strictly neuroanatomical, explanatory approach (so-called organicism) postulated by academic institutions and awkwardly implemented in asylum practice. One prominent figure in shaping this philosophy was Cesare Lombroso, internationally known as the father of criminal anthropology. This attitude became sharper and more oppressive during the Fascist regime, where international exchanges and collaboration were discouraged when not repressed. Thus, anachronistic was the situation in the 1960s that the anti-institutional movement founded and led by Franco Basaglia swept professionals, politicians, and public opinion in its wake. What, in most countries, took the form of gradual reform became a radical reaction in Italy and, in less than 20 years, turned one of the most deprived institutional systems into the most radical community mental health care system in the world.

24 citations