Abstract: Türkiye'de 1980'lerin ikinci yarısından itibaren kadın hareketinin yükselmesiyle birlikte sendikalar da kadın üyelerinin varlığından ötüril ilgi odağı haline gelmeye başladı. Gerek akademisyenler, gerek işçi ve memur sendikalarının kadın hareketinden etkilenen üyeleri, sendikaları bu perspektiften değerlendirmeye başladılar. Sendika yönetimleri de hem uluslararası sendikal hareketin baskıları, hem de kimi kadın üyelerinden gelen tepkilerle konuyu en azından görünümü kurtaracak biçimde ele almaya başladılar. Ele alışın en belirgin biçimi, sendikaların 8 Mart kutlamalan oldu, oluyor. Yine kimi sendikalarda oluşturulan kadın komisyonlarının başlıca varlık nedeni 8 Mart kutlamalanru organize etmek. 8 Mart kutlamalarının yanısıra yilriltUlen bir diğer faaliyet biçimi, kadın üyelere yönelik eğitim seminerleri. Bu seminerler şimdiye kadar gerek konfederasyon, gerek sendika düzeyinde ağırlıkla kadın yöneticiler, işçi temsilcileri ve kadın komisyonu üyelerine yani sendikaların en faal kadın unsurlarına yönelik yapıldı. Kadınların bireysel. düzeyde yaşadıkları aynmcılık uygulamalarınınaslında ortak bir sorun olduğunu ve kadın çalışanların sorunlarının çözümünün bu yönde bilinçli politikaların geliştirilmesine bağlı bulunduğunu kavrama imkanı verdi.
Abstract: In this study, which is in a descriptive research design, it is aimed to determine the perceptions of teachers and administrators working at primary schools about the educational unions according to various variables. The population of this study consists of primary school teachers and administrators working at Malatya downtown at 2007-2008 academic years. The sample of this study consists of 323 teachers and 43 administrators working at 24 primary schools that were selected randomly from the population. In comparisons, (unrelated) t test, variants analysis, Krusskall-Wallis H test and Mann-Whitney U test have been utilized for independent samples. The results of this study showed that there were meaningful differences between the views of trade union member and nonunion at all items. While there were meaningful differences between the views of teachers according to the variables of gender, branc, seniority, and education level, there were not meaningful differences between the views of teachers only according to the variable of type of task.Democracy requires participation, consensus, equalitarianism and pluralism (Ozdemir, 1987). Trade unionism is a complementary element of democracy and also an integral part of democracy. Free and independent trade unions are supportive parts of democracy (Tortop, 2005: 142). In our country, teachers have a special place among civil servants. With teachers’ large share in the total number of civil servants, teacher unions’ will possibly be more and more important. Although teacher unions suffer from the lack of experience in this country, they are expected to make serious contributions to education life. For this reason, it is important to put forward teachers’ views on trade unionism. The purpose of this paper is to determine the perceptions of teachers and administrators working at primary schools about the educational unions according to various variables. In this study, a survey based descriptive design was used. After the related literature was examined, the theoretical framework was constructed and the questionnaire was drafted. The instrument used for data collection in this study was originally developed by the researcher. Before this draft was administered, the opinions of specialists, administrators and teachers were taken about the content and the language of this questionnaire and the necessary improvements were made. According to the results, Cronbach Alpha Coefficient was 0,8564 for the overall questionnaire. This study was carried out in Malatya city centre (total 3508 administrators and teachers who work at 163 primary schools) in 2007-2008 academic year. Using stratified sampling method, 43 administrators and 323 teachers working at 24 schools were selected randomly. A total of 366 questionnaires were validated and evaluated. The questionnaire that has 24 items was administered to these administrators and teachers. Data were analyzed by SPSS program. In comparisons, T-test and Mann-Whitney U test (for the variables of gender, branch, type of task and being a member of the union), One Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests (for seniority and education level) were utilized to analyze the data. The results of this study showed that there were meaningful differences between the views of the trade union members and the ones that have no membership. While there were meaningful differences between the views of participants according to the variables of gender, branch, seniority and education level, there were not meaningful differences between the views of participants only according to the variable of type of task. According to the T-Test results (which has been made between males: N=238 and females: N=128), there were meaningful differences between the views of the men and women trade union members at the first item. At the first item, the ideas of women were more negative than the ideas of men. According to the T-Test results (which has been made between class teachers: N=219 and branch teachers: N=147), there were meaningful differences between the views of participants. At the items of 5 and 21, branch teachers have more positive opinions than class teachers. According to the One-Way ANOVA results (which has been made between the education levels of associate degree: N=77, undergraduate: N=274 and graduate: N=15), there were meaningful differences among groups at the item of 22. Scheffe test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the groups of associate degree and undergraduate at the item of 22. According to the results of Kruskall Wallis test, there were meaningful differences among education level groups at the items of 2 and 5. Kruskall Wallis test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the groups of associate degree and undergraduate at the items of 2 and 5. Kruskall Wallis test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the groups of associate degree and graduate at the item of 5. Participants were divided into three tenure groups: (1) 1-10 year, N= 119; (2) 11-20 year, N=153; (3) 21 year and above, N: 94. According to the One-Way ANOVA results, there were meaningful differences among tenure groups at the item of 5. At this item, less tenured participants had more positive opinions about educational unions. Scheffe test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the tenure groups of 1-10 year and 20 year and above at the item of 22. According to the results of Kruskall Wallis test, there were meaningful differences among tenure groups at the items of 6 and 22. Kruskall Wallis test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the tenure groups of 1-10 year and 20 year and above at the items of 6 and 22. Kruskall Wallis test showed that there was a significant difference between the opinions of participants in the tenure groups of 11-20 year and 20 year and above at the item of 6. T test and Mann Whitney U test showed that there were meaningful differences between the views of the trade union members and the ones that have no membership at all items except for the item of 23. The results of this study showed that most of the educational staff viewed trade unionism in this country as insufficient. Both the members of the unions and the ones that have no membership shared this view. There were meaningful differences between the views of the trade union members and the ones that have no membership, as it was found similarly at Gemici’s (2008) research. As Yildirim’s (2007) and Aldatmaz’s (2002) researches revealed, the results of this study showed that they want a legislative regulations that facilitate striking and collective bargaining. The results of this study also showed that women do not give much importance to unionization as it was found similarly by Boyaci (1994), Cinar (2008) and Aldatmaz (2002). Results imply that trade unions are not independent in their relationships with political entities.
Abstract: Calisan ve calistiranlarin ortak ekonomik ve sosyal hak ve cikarlarini korumak ve gelistirmek amaciyla kurulan sendikalar erkek egemen olarak dogmus ve gunumuze kadar bu egemenligini surdurmustur. Turkiye’de yasal olarak sendikalar, 1947 yilinda “5018 sayili Isci ve Isveren Sendikalari ve Sendika Birlikleri Hakkinda Kanun” un yururluge girmesiyle kurulmustur. Calisma hayati icindeki kadinlarin sendika uyelikleri cok dusuk oranlarda olup sendikalarin zorunlu organlarinda ise yok denecek kadar az oldugu bilinmektedir. Kadinlarin sendikalarda aktif gorev almada karsilastiklari sorunlari arastirmak amaci ile yapilan calismada oncelikle literatur taramasi yapilmistir. Bu calismada CSGB ve TUIK verilerinden yararlanilmistir. Calisma sonucuna gore, kadinlarin oncelikli sorunu sendikal uyelik duzeyinin dusuk olmasidir. Kadinlarin sendika uyeliklerinin dusuk seviyelerde yer almasinin en onemli nedeni ise istihdamdaki kadinlarin neredeyse yarisinin kayit disi olmasidir. Egitim duzeyi dusuk kadinlarin cogu, sendikalasmanin neredeyse imkansiz oldugu tarlada, hizmet sektorunde vasifsiz, is guvencesinden yoksun kucuk isyerlerinde calismaktadir. Sorunlar arasinda kadinlarin ev ve ailelerine yonelik ustlendikleri sorumluluklar nedeniyle sendikal faaliyetlere zaman ayiramamasi, sendika ve sendikal haklari konusundaki bilgi eksiklikleri, cinsiyet ayrimciligi ve ataerkil bir toplumun yarattigi kisitlar ile kadinlarin kendine guven eksikligi ile ortaya cikan cam tavan yer almaktadir.
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to investigate the approach to women’s issues and recent efforts of unions to include women in unions in the light of interviews conducted with Turk-Is and Hak-Is Confederations. The study reveals how women are considered in unions and the place given to women in unions’ policies. For this purpose, interviews were conducted with six women in unions under these two confederations after a literature review. According to the results of the study, the number of women at both membership and executive levels is low in unions under both confederations. There are differences between the ideas of male and female unionists at senior level. Thus, efforts to increase the participation of women in unions are not sufficient. OzetBu arastirmanin temel amaci Turk-Is ve Hak-Is Konfederasyonlarinda mulakatlar isiginda kadin sorununa nasil yaklasildiginin ve son donemlerde sendikalarin kadinlari sendikaya dâhil etmek icin ne tur farkli calismalar yaptiginin arastirilmasidir. Kadinlarin sendikalarda nasil degerlendirildikleri ve sendikalarin politikalarinda kadina verdikleri yer aciga cikarilmaktadir. Bu amacla literatur taramasi sonrasi iki konfederasyona bagli sendikalardaki alti kadin ile gorusme yapilmistir. Arastirmanin sonucuna gore, her iki konfederasyona bagli sendikalarda hem uyelik hem de yonetim kademelerindeki kadin sayisi azdir. Ust pozisyondaki erkekler ile kadin sendikacilarin dusunceleri arasinda farkliliklar bulunmaktadir. Bu yuzden sendikalarda kadinlarin katiliminin arttirilmasi yonundeki cabalar yeterli olmamaktadir.
...Diğer yandan sendikalarında eğitim faaliyetlerinde kadınlara özgü sorun ve ihtiyaçlarını göz önüne almamaları, eğitim programlarının çekiciliğini de azaltmaktadır (Toksöz, 1998: 300)....
...Gerek işgücüne katılım oranının düşüklüğü, gerek imalat sanayinin elverişsiz yapısı sendika üyesi kadın sayısının azlığının önde gelen diğer nedenlerini oluşturmaktadır (Toksöz, 1998: 298)....
TL;DR: Ozet: Betimsel tarama modelinin kullanildigi bu arastirmada, ilkogretim okullarinda gorev yapmakta olan ogretmen ve yoneticilerin egitim sendikalarina iliskin goruslerinin farkli degiskenlere gore incelenmesi amaclanmaktadir.
Abstract: Ozet: Betimsel tarama modelinin kullanildigi bu arastirmada, ilkogretim okullarinda gorev yapmakta olan ogretmen ve yoneticilerin egitim sendikalarina iliskin goruslerinin farkli degiskenlere gore incelenmesi amaclanmaktadir. Arastirmanin evrenini, 2007-2008 ogretim yilinda Malatya il merkezinde calismakta olan ilkogretim okulu ogretmen ve yoneticileri olusturmaktadir. Arastirmanin orneklemi, evrenden tesadufi ornekleme yoluyla secilen 24 ilkogretim okulunda gorev yapan 323 ogretmen ve 43 yoneticiden olusmaktadir. Karsilastirmalarda bagimsiz orneklemler icin t-testi, tek yonlu varyans analizi, belirlenen farkliliklarin hangi gruplar arasinda oldugunu belirlemek icin Scheffe Testi, normallik varsayiminin karsilanmadigi durumlarda ise parametrik olmayan maddelere (non-parametrik) Mann-Whitney U Testi ile Kruskal Wallis H-Testi uygulanmistir. Arastirma sonucunda, sendikali ve sendikasiz egitim calisanlarinin gorusleri arasinda (23. madde haric) butun maddelerde anlamli farkliliklar bulundugu gorulmustur. Ogretmenlerin gorusleri arasinda cinsiyet, brans, kidem ve ogrenim durumu degiskenlerine gore bazi maddelerde anlamli farkliliklar bulunurken, egitim calisanlarinin gorev turu degiskenine gore maddeler arasinda anlamli farkliliklar bulunamamistir.
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