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書名 Lyrical Ballads の邦譯語について

01 Jan 1956-Vol. 7, Iss: 4, pp 389-404
About: The article was published on 1956-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 94 citations till now.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mannequin-based simulations that try to recreate clinical cases to address issues of crisis resource management, and the concepts also apply or can be adapted to other forms of immersive or simulation techniques are introduced.
Abstract: Simulation is a complex social endeavor, in which human beings interact with each other, a simulator, and other technical devices. The goal-oriented use for education, training, and research depends on an improved conceptual clarity about simulation realism and related terms. The article introduces concepts into medical simulation that help to clarify potential problems during simulation and foster its goal-oriented use. The three modes of thinking about reality by Uwe Laucken help in differentiating different aspects of simulation realism (physical, semantical, phenomenal). Erving Goffman's concepts of primary frames and modulations allow for analyzing relationships between clinical cases and simulation scenarios. The as-if concept by Hans Vaihinger further qualifies the differences between both clinical and simulators settings and what is important when helping participants engage in simulation. These concepts help to take the social character of simulation into account when designing and conducting scenarios. The concepts allow for improved matching of simulation realism with desired outcomes. It is not uniformly the case that more (physical) realism means better attainment of educational goals. Although the article concentrates on mannequin-based simulations that try to recreate clinical cases to address issues of crisis resource management, the concepts also apply or can be adapted to other forms of immersive or simulation techniques.

467 citations

Book
01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: In Search of a Definition of Romanticism as mentioned in this paper The First Attack on Enlightenment and the Restrained Romantics of the 18th century are considered the true fathers of romanticism, and the Lasting Effects of the 19th century romanticism.
Abstract: Foreword by John Gray xi Editor's Preface xix 1 In Search of a Definition 1 2 The First Attack on Enlightenment 26 3 The True Fathers of Romanticism 54 4 The Restrained Romantics 79 5 Unbridled Romanticism 107 6 The Lasting Effects 137 Appendix to the Second Edition 171 References 181 Index 201

273 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated how six anesthesiologists each experienced three patient simulation scenarios and used content analysis to describe factors mentioned in the interviews that were relevant for the perceived realism of the scenarios.
Abstract: Following the framework of ecological validity, and taking into account the social character of simulation, we investigated how six anesthesiologists each experienced three patient simulation scenarios. Using content analysis, we describe factors mentioned in the 18 half-structured interviews that were relevant for the perceived realism of the scenarios: overall impression and medical plausibility, participants' own actions, role play of the simulator team, workload, technical aspects, group dynamics, and anticipations. Further, we describe the circumstances under which these relevant elements were experienced as fiction cues (emphasizing differences between scenarios and clinical cases) or as reality cues (emphasizing similarities between scenarios and clinical cases). The experience of the scenarios among the anesthesiologists was dynamic over time and differed among participants. Considering the described elements and their character as either fiction or reality cues improves the understanding of the s...

89 citations


Cites background from "書名 Lyrical Ballads の邦譯語について"

  • ...If participants engage in a “fiction contract” (Eco, 1995) and the willing suspension of disbelief (Coleridge, 1801), they will perceive the simulation scenario as realistic, but they will only do so if the situation as a whole provides enough psychological safety and they are competent at using the simulator as a technical device (see Kapur & Steadman,1998)....

    [...]

  • ...If participants engage in a “fiction contract” (Eco, 1995) and the willing suspension of disbelief (Coleridge, 1801), they will perceive the simulation scenario as realistic, but they will only do so if the situation as a whole provides enough psychological safety and they are competent at using…...

    [...]

25 Jan 2007
TL;DR: By using a new set of arithmetic operations on interval numbers, some arithmetic properties of interval matrices are discussed which intern helps to compute the powers of intervals matrices and to solve the system of interval linear equations.
Abstract: By using a new set of arithmetic operations on interval numbers, we discuss some arithmetic properties of interval matrices which intern helps us to compute the powers of interval matrices and to solve the system of interval linear equations. Keywords—Interval arithmetic, Interval matrix, linear equations.

66 citations

DissertationDOI
01 Jan 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of use of the principles of Stoic rhetoric and moral psychology in Goya's print series, Los Caprichos, is presented, where the relationship between Stoic thought and technical aspects is explored with regard to the effects used to support the visual conceptualizations.
Abstract: This dissertation is a study of use of the principles of Stoic rhetoric and moral psychology in Goya’s print series, Los Caprichos. The relationship between Stoic thought and the technical aspects will be explored with regard to the effects used to support the visual conceptualizations. The function of the Caprichos as a book with chapters or parts relating particular modes of perception will be addressed. The technique of aquatint employed by Goya will also be explored. The predominance of geometric forms within the composition that reflect inter-personal relationships is also presented for consideration.

36 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mannequin-based simulations that try to recreate clinical cases to address issues of crisis resource management, and the concepts also apply or can be adapted to other forms of immersive or simulation techniques are introduced.
Abstract: Simulation is a complex social endeavor, in which human beings interact with each other, a simulator, and other technical devices. The goal-oriented use for education, training, and research depends on an improved conceptual clarity about simulation realism and related terms. The article introduces concepts into medical simulation that help to clarify potential problems during simulation and foster its goal-oriented use. The three modes of thinking about reality by Uwe Laucken help in differentiating different aspects of simulation realism (physical, semantical, phenomenal). Erving Goffman's concepts of primary frames and modulations allow for analyzing relationships between clinical cases and simulation scenarios. The as-if concept by Hans Vaihinger further qualifies the differences between both clinical and simulators settings and what is important when helping participants engage in simulation. These concepts help to take the social character of simulation into account when designing and conducting scenarios. The concepts allow for improved matching of simulation realism with desired outcomes. It is not uniformly the case that more (physical) realism means better attainment of educational goals. Although the article concentrates on mannequin-based simulations that try to recreate clinical cases to address issues of crisis resource management, the concepts also apply or can be adapted to other forms of immersive or simulation techniques.

467 citations

Book
01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: In Search of a Definition of Romanticism as mentioned in this paper The First Attack on Enlightenment and the Restrained Romantics of the 18th century are considered the true fathers of romanticism, and the Lasting Effects of the 19th century romanticism.
Abstract: Foreword by John Gray xi Editor's Preface xix 1 In Search of a Definition 1 2 The First Attack on Enlightenment 26 3 The True Fathers of Romanticism 54 4 The Restrained Romantics 79 5 Unbridled Romanticism 107 6 The Lasting Effects 137 Appendix to the Second Edition 171 References 181 Index 201

273 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated how six anesthesiologists each experienced three patient simulation scenarios and used content analysis to describe factors mentioned in the interviews that were relevant for the perceived realism of the scenarios.
Abstract: Following the framework of ecological validity, and taking into account the social character of simulation, we investigated how six anesthesiologists each experienced three patient simulation scenarios. Using content analysis, we describe factors mentioned in the 18 half-structured interviews that were relevant for the perceived realism of the scenarios: overall impression and medical plausibility, participants' own actions, role play of the simulator team, workload, technical aspects, group dynamics, and anticipations. Further, we describe the circumstances under which these relevant elements were experienced as fiction cues (emphasizing differences between scenarios and clinical cases) or as reality cues (emphasizing similarities between scenarios and clinical cases). The experience of the scenarios among the anesthesiologists was dynamic over time and differed among participants. Considering the described elements and their character as either fiction or reality cues improves the understanding of the s...

89 citations

25 Jan 2007
TL;DR: By using a new set of arithmetic operations on interval numbers, some arithmetic properties of interval matrices are discussed which intern helps to compute the powers of intervals matrices and to solve the system of interval linear equations.
Abstract: By using a new set of arithmetic operations on interval numbers, we discuss some arithmetic properties of interval matrices which intern helps us to compute the powers of interval matrices and to solve the system of interval linear equations. Keywords—Interval arithmetic, Interval matrix, linear equations.

66 citations

DissertationDOI
01 Jan 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of use of the principles of Stoic rhetoric and moral psychology in Goya's print series, Los Caprichos, is presented, where the relationship between Stoic thought and technical aspects is explored with regard to the effects used to support the visual conceptualizations.
Abstract: This dissertation is a study of use of the principles of Stoic rhetoric and moral psychology in Goya’s print series, Los Caprichos. The relationship between Stoic thought and the technical aspects will be explored with regard to the effects used to support the visual conceptualizations. The function of the Caprichos as a book with chapters or parts relating particular modes of perception will be addressed. The technique of aquatint employed by Goya will also be explored. The predominance of geometric forms within the composition that reflect inter-personal relationships is also presented for consideration.

36 citations