Silicon quantum wire array fabrication by electrochemical and chemical dissolution of wafers
TL;DR: In this paper, free standing Si quantum wires can be fabricated without the use of epitaxial deposition or lithography using electrochemical and chemical dissolution steps to define networks of isolated wires out of bulk wafers.
Abstract: Indirect evidence is presented that free‐standing Si quantum wires can be fabricated without the use of epitaxial deposition or lithography. The novel approach uses electrochemical and chemical dissolution steps to define networks of isolated wires out of bulk wafers. Mesoporous Si layers of high porosity exhibit visible (red) photoluminescence at room temperature, observable with the naked eye under <1 mW unfocused (<0.1 W cm−2) green or blue laser line excitation. This is attributed to dramatic two‐dimensional quantum size effects which can produce emission far above the band gap of bulk crystalline Si.
Cites background from "Silicon quantum wire array fabricat..."
...The striking optical properties of nanoporous silicon obtained by photoanodic etching  extended the materials research scope of photoelectrochemistry to other porous crystalline semiconductors ....