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Journal ArticleDOI

Small Business Perspectives on the Role of Rural Libraries in Economic Development

01 Jan 2017-The Library Quarterly (University of Chicago PressChicago, IL)-Vol. 87, Iss: 1, pp 17-35
TL;DR: In this paper, a user and use-based model is proposed to represent the information context and perspectives of small businesses in the state of Tennessee as a case study in order to apply the lessons and insights to other parts of the United States.
Abstract: People living in the Appalachian region, including its rural areas, face challenging economic, social, and cultural conditions with limited financial opportunities, information poverty and unemployment, and low levels of information literacy and educational attainment. The roles played by rural public libraries in small business economic development in this region require exploratory study of representative small businesses to refocus library services and resources on their information needs and information-seeking experiences. This article proposes a user- and use-based model to represent the information context and perspectives of such businesses in the state of Tennessee as a case study in order to apply the lessons and insights to other parts of the United States. It concludes with suggestions for the blueprint design of a public library small business tool kit, an ideal resource that Tennessee’s rural public libraries can develop for small businesses in the future.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this volume, the author develops a new approach for the analysis of differing types of informations systems, called the Value-Added Model, based on the anlaysis of information-use environments and on the system responses to the needs of those environments.

345 citations

DissertationDOI
01 Dec 2019
TL;DR: The impact of bibliotecas escolares on the performance of a sistema educativo in Espana is investigated in this article, where the authors evaluate the impact of a bibliotecnico escolar on the quality of a student's education.
Abstract: En esta tesis se aborda la evaluacion del impacto de las bibliotecas en su dimension educativa, utilizando la norma ISO 16439 sobre impacto bibliotecario como marco conceptual y metodologico. Se revisa el estado de la cuestion sobre la evaluacion en bibliotecas, y la evolucion de esta materia desde la perspectiva de la evaluacion del rendimiento y de la calidad en los primeros estudios evaluativos hasta la evaluacion del impacto en los distintos tipos de bibliotecas. Se desarrolla una investigacion sobre el impacto de las bibliotecas escolares empleando un enfoque metodologico que integra una doble vision cuantitativa y cualitativa. Como objetivo general, se pretende evaluar la contribucion de las bibliotecas escolares al sistema educativo en Espana. Se analiza su efecto en cada uno de los tres niveles de impacto que se establecen en la mencionada norma internacional: 1) impacto sobre los individuos (se incluye el efecto sobre las habilidades y competencias, sobre las actitudes y comportamientos, sobre el bienestar individual, y sobre la carrera academica y profesional a medio y largo plazo); 2) impacto sobre la comunidad o institucion de la que depende la biblioteca; y 3) impacto sobre el conjunto de la sociedad. Para explicar estos tres niveles de impacto, se plantean once preguntas de investigacion. Para la realizacion de la investigacion cuantitativa se emplean los conjuntos de datos de los estudios internacionales PIRLS 2016 (para el alumnado de educacion primaria) y PISA 2009 (para el alumnado de educacion secundaria), seleccionando los datos correspondientes a Espana. Con estos datos se comparan los resultados medios en competencia lectora de dos grupos: por un lado, el alumnado que dispone de biblioteca escolar y de diferentes recursos bibliotecarios, y hace uso de ellos; y, por otro lado, el alumnado que carece de biblioteca escolar o de determinados recursos bibliotecarios, o que, aun teniendolos no hace uso de ellos. En el ambito de la evaluacion primaria, se confirma que la existencia de biblioteca escolar es un factor que contribuye positivamente al rendimiento en competencia lectora general y a cuatro dimensiones de esta competencia: “Tener una experiencia literaria”, “Adquirir y usar la informacion”, “Obtener informacion e inferencias directas”, e “Interpretar, integrar y evaluar”. La mayor contribucion del factor biblioteca escolar se produce sobre la dimension “Adquirir y usar la informacion” en todos los analisis realizados. En cuanto al uso y acceso a los distintos recursos bibliotecarios, se demuestra que los factores tener acceso a una coleccion bibliografica amplia, y tener acceso a libros electronicos, influyen positivamente sobre ese rendimiento competencial. En el ambito de la educacion secundaria, se confirma que existe relacion entre el rendimiento en competencia lectora general y el factor tener biblioteca escolar. El alumnado con una actitud positiva hacia las bibliotecas registra mejores resultados. En cuanto al uso y acceso a los distintos recursos bibliotecarios, se confirma la influencia positiva del prestamo de libros para leer por ocio y para hacer trabajos de clase. La investigacion cualitativa complementa el alcance del primer abordaje cuantitativo e introduce una vision naturalista desde dentro del contexto educativo. Para la realizacion de la investigacion cualitativa se emplea un estudio de caso centrado en la biblioteca del CEIP Virrey Morcillo (Villarrobledo, Albacete), integrada en una red cooperativa de bibliotecas escolares, el Grupo Cooperativo Bibliotecas Escolares en Red – BERED- de Albacete. La estrategia consiste en registrar el impacto bibliotecario tal y como es percibido por el profesorado. El caso escogido responde a los criterios preestablecidos de representatividad e intensidad informativa, y se selecciona entre una muestra de centros educativos espanoles con biblioteca escolar seleccionados con criterios de muestreo cualitativo. La investigacion se orienta a la obtencion de evidencias solicitadas, combinado con el analisis de materiales documentales. Se emplean diferentes tecnicas para la obtencion de la informacion: encuesta en remoto, entrevistas y grupo de discusion con profesorado, y analisis de documentos oficiales y de contenidos de un blog. En el analisis y posterior interpretacion de los datos cualitativos se sigue un procedimiento en cuatro fases, con ayuda del programa especializado ATLAS.ti, que consiste en la identificacion de la informacion relevante, su categorizacion mediante descriptores; la sintesis y verificacion de contenidos, y su interpretacion a la luz de las preguntas de investigacion. Los datos cualitativos corroboran que desde el contexto educativo se percibe que la biblioteca escolar contribuye a mejorar la competencia lectora general del alumnado y las distintas dimensiones de esta competencia, especialmente la informacional. Asimismo, se refuerzan otras competencias afines, como el pensamiento critico y la creatividad, las competencias digitales, comunicativas y linguisticas. El recurso mas valorado por los docentes es la coleccion bibliografica, combinada con el trabajo por proyectos e integrada en las actividades formativas y de animacion a la lectura programadas desde un plan de lectura. La biblioteca escolar contribuye a producir cambios de caracter intangible en las actitudes y en el comportamiento, especialmente sobre la motivacion de alumnado y profesorado, y favorece la implicacion de las familias en el proceso de aprendizaje. El alumnado interioriza valores y normas de convivencia y refuerza su sentido de pertenencia; se refuerza la formacion del profesorado y se da visibilidad a la labor docente. Respecto a la influencia de la biblioteca sobre la institucion de la que depende, contribuye a que se cumplan los fines y objetivos educativos, en torno a tres ejes principales: 1) apoya los objetivos de ensenanza y aprendizaje, incluyendo el refuerzo curricular y la implantacion de nuevas metodologias de trabajo y aprendizaje con el uso de las nuevas tecnologias; 2) refuerza la cohesion entre los miembros de la comunidad educativa en torno a los objetivos y proyectos comunes, potenciando valores comunitarios y de convivencia y actuando como un compensador de desigualdades; y 3) contribuye a establecer redes de cooperacion. Respecto de la influencia de la biblioteca escolar sobre su entorno social proximo, se observa la colaboracion con otras entidades educativas y culturales en redes de cooperacion.Con vistas a la evaluacion comparativa, se precisan nuevas investigaciones sobre el impacto de las bibliotecas escolares en contextos geograficos y socioculturales diversos (en Espana se precisa investigacion comparativa entre los distintos sistemas educativos autonomicos). Futuras investigaciones deberan contemplar la contribucion de la biblioteca escolar sobre otras competencias curriculares y sobre otros aspectos del desarrollo formativo del alumnado, diferenciando entre niveles educativos. Por ultimo, se recomienda emplear el marco conceptual y las opciones metodologicas resenadas en la norma ISO 16439 para abordar nuevas investigaciones en el campo de la evaluacion del impacto educativo en bibliotecas. Asimismo, se recomienda emplear una doble vision cuantitativa y cualitativa para comprender el impacto bibliotecario en sus distintas dimensiones.

48 citations

29 Apr 2016
TL;DR: The 4th edition of this popular text presents a comprehensive review of over a century of research on information behavior, and includes significant structural and content changes from earlier editions.
Abstract: The 4th edition of this popular text presents a comprehensive review of over a century of research on information behavior. It is intended for students in information studies and disciplines interested in research on information activities. Now co-authored, this new text includes significant structural and content changes from earlier editions.

47 citations

01 Jan 2010
TL;DR: This entry considers the relation between ordinary subject knowledge on the one hand and domain knowledge in LIS on the other hand and discusses the concept of a domain and introduces three basic analytical dimensions in the study of domains of knowledge.
Abstract: Domain analysis (DA) is a metatheoretical framework for Library and Information Science (LIS) suggested by the present author in 1993 and since then further developed. It was then constructed as a response to the cognitive view, which at that time had an overwhelming influence in our field. The basic claim in DA is that “domains” of knowledge, not individual cognitive structures are the proper object of study for LIS. This entry introduces shortly DA in the context of the history of LIS. It considers the relation between ordinary subject knowledge on the one hand and domain knowledge in LIS on the other hand. The information specialists have a specific kind of knowledge about domains that distinguish them from ordinary subject specialists. The entry discusses the concept of a domain and introduces three basic analytical dimensions in the study of domains of knowledge: The ontological dimension, the epistemological dimension, and the sociological dimension. It also considers approaches to DA and the issues on which DA focuses. Finally the philosophical frameworks are introduced: The sociocognitive view based on pragmatist authors such as John Dewey and Russian historical–cultural psychology authors such as L. S. Vygotsky

33 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A positive model of technology use and community engagement in the SCA rural libraries as a strategy to overcome marginalization and bridge rural digital divides historically experienced in the region is explored.
Abstract: This article identifies scenarios of technology use in rural libraries to promote community engagement in overcoming marginalization and bridging rural digital divides in the Southern and Central Appalachian (SCA) region. The research is based on a qualitative content analysis of feedback collected from 15 rural librarians in semi-structured interviews and three respondents each in five focus groups during 2017–2018. Select scenarios defined as typical experience-related representative narratives of technology use of rural librarians serve as a tool to investigate their community-engaged initiatives. Respondents’ perspectives, behaviors, and experiences of technology use in community engagement selectively highlight their activities, collaborating partners, encountered challenges specific to the region, and the resulting outcomes of their initiatives. The article extends past theory-practice discourse in information science research to integrate impact that was documented in respondents’ community-engaged technology use behaviors in the SCA rural environments. It explores a positive model of technology use and community engagement in the SCA rural libraries as a strategy to overcome marginalization and bridge rural digital divides historically experienced in the region.

23 citations

References
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Book
18 Aug 2006
TL;DR: This book discusses writing and Evaluating Mixed Methods Research, and the importance of knowing the structure of the writing so that it Relates to the Designs Evaluating a Mixed Methods Study Within Designs.
Abstract: List of Tables List of Figures Preface Purpose of This Book Audience for the Book Book Features Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Understanding Mixed Methods Research Purpose and Organization Clarifying Terms What Is Mixed Methods Research? The Importance of Mixed Methods Research Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 2: Examining Preliminary Considerations Consider Worldview Stances The Basics of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Research Problems Addressed by Mixed Methods Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 3: Locating and Reviewing Mixed Methods Studies Searching for and Reviewing Mixed Methods Studies A Mixed Methods Notation System and Visual Diagrams Four Examples of Mixed Methods Studies Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 4: Choosing a Mixed Methods Design Classifications of Mixed Methods Designs The Four Major Types of Mixed Methods Designs Selecting a Type of Mixed Methods Design Implementing the Design Decisions Writing a Paragraph to Identify a Study's Design Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 5: Introducing a Mixed Methods Study Writing a Mixed Methods Title Stating the Problem in the Introduction The Purpose Statement Research Questions and Hypotheses Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 6: Collecting Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Qualitative and Quantitative Data Collection Data Collection in Mixed Methods Design Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 7: Analyzing Data in Mixed Methods Research Procedures in Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Data Analysis With Mixed Methods Designs Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 8: Writing and Evaluating Mixed Methods Research General Guidelines for Writing Organize the Structure of the Writing So That It Relates to the Designs Evaluating a Mixed Methods Study Within Designs Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 9: Questions Often Raised About Mixed Methods Research Anticipate Mixed Methods Questions What Is Mixed Methods Research? Is Mixed Methods Research Accepted? Is Mixed Methods Research Realistic? Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 10: Future Directions for Mixed Methods Research Needed Developments in Mixed Methods Research Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Appendix A. A Triangulation Design Appendix B. An Embedded Design Appendix C. An Explanatory Design Appendix D. An Exploratory Design References Index About the Authors

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Book
01 Jan 1995
TL;DR: In this article, an intensive study of case study research methods is presented, focusing on the Unique Case Research Questions and the Nature of Qualitative Research Data Gathering Analysis and Interpretation Case Researcher Roles Triangulation.
Abstract: Introduction An Intensive Study of Case Study Research Methods The Unique Case Research Questions The Nature of Qualitative Research Data Gathering Analysis and Interpretation Case Researcher Roles Triangulation Writing the Report Reflections Harper School

22,208 citations

01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: The case study research design and methods is universally compatible with any devices to read and is available in the book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly.
Abstract: Thank you very much for reading case study research design and methods. As you may know, people have look hundreds times for their chosen readings like this case study research design and methods, but end up in infectious downloads. Rather than enjoying a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they juggled with some malicious bugs inside their computer. case study research design and methods is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our book servers spans in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Kindly say, the case study research design and methods is universally compatible with any devices to read.

20,160 citations


"Small Business Perspectives on the ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...To advance understanding of rural public libraries’ role in the Appalachian region’s economic growth, this exploratory case study (Stake 1995; Yin 2013) documents perspectives of Tennessee’s small business representatives about their information-seeking behaviors....

    [...]

Book
13 Dec 2001
TL;DR: The Content Analysis Guidebook provides an accessible core text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students across the social sciences that unravels the complicated aspects of content analysis.
Abstract: List of Boxes List of Tables and Figures Foreword Acknowledgments 1. Defining Content Analysis Is Content Analysis "Easy"? Is It Something That Anyone Can Do? A Six-Part Definition of Content Analysis 2. Milestones in the History of Content Analysis The Growing Popularity of Content Analysis Milestones of Content Analysis Research 3. Beyond Description: An Integrative Model of Content Analysis The Language of the Scientific Method How Content Analysis Is Done: Flowchart for the Typical Process of Content-Analysis Research Approaches to Content Analysis The Integrative Model of Content Analysis Evaluation With the Integrative Model of Content Analysis 4. Message Units and Sampling Units Defining the Population Archives Medium Management Sampling Sample Size 5. Variables and Predictions Identifying Critical Variables Hypotheses, Predictions, and Research Questions 6. Measurement Techniques Defining Measurement Validity, Reliability, Accuracy, and Precision Types of Validity Assessment Operationalization Computer Coding Selection of a Computer Text Content Analysis Program Human Coding Index Construction in Content Analysis 7. Reliability Intercoder Reliability Standards and Practices Issues in the Assessment of Reliability Pilot and Final Reliabilities Intercoder Reliability Coefficients: Issues and Comparisons Calculating Intercoder Reliability Coefficients Treatment of Variables That Do Not Achieve an Acceptable Level of Reliability The Use of Multiple Coders Advanced and Specialty Issues in Reliatbility Coefficient Selection 8. Results and Reporting Data Handling and Transformations Hypothesis Tesing Selecting the Appropriate Statistical Tests Frequencies Co-Occurences and In-Context Occurrences Time Lines Bivariate Relationships Multivariate Relationships 9. Contexts Psychometric Applications of Content Analysis Open-Ended Written and Pictorial Responses Linguistics and Semantic Networks Stylometrics and Computer Literary Analysis Interaction Analysis Other Interpersonal Behaviors Violence in the Media Gender Roles Minority Portrayals Advertising News Political Communication Web Analyses Other Applied Contexts Commercial and Other Client-Based Applications of Content Analysis Future Directions Resource 1: Message Archives - P.D. Skalski General Collections Film, Television and Radio Archives Literary and General Corpora Other Archives Resource 2: Using NEXIS for Text Acquisition for Content Analysis Resource 3: Computer Content Analysis Software - P.D. Skalski Part I. Quantitative Computer Text Analysis Programs Part II. VBPro How-To Guide and Executional Flowchart Resource 4: An Introduction to PRAM--A Program for Reliability Assessment With Multiple Coders Resource 5: The Content Analysis Guidebook Online Content Analysis Resources Bibliographies Message Archives and Corpora Reliability Human Coding Sample Materials Computer Content Analysis References Author Index Subject Index About the Authors

7,877 citations