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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1777143

Smart Korea: Governance for smart justice during a global pandemic

04 Mar 2021-Journal of Sustainable Tourism (Routledge)-Vol. 29, pp 541-550
Abstract: This research note offers preliminary insight into how one smart destination, South Korea, rapidly ‘flattened the curve’ during the global COVID-19 pandemic without shutting down its economy or its...

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Topics: Economic Justice (51%)
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15 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ENVRES.2020.110416
Abstract: The fight against COVID-19 since January 2020 has become the top priority of more than 200 countries. In order to offer solutions to eradicate this global pandemic, the scientific community has published hundreds of articles covering a wide range of areas of knowledge. With the aim of synthesizing these publications, academics are resorting to bibliometric analyses from the perspectives of the disciplines such as biology, medicine, socioeconomics and tourism. Yet no bibliometric analysis has explored the diffuse and little-known growth of COVID-19 scientific publications in the field of environmental studies. The current study is the first of this type to fill this research gap. It has resorted to SciMAT software to evaluate the main topics, authors and journals of publications on the subject of COVID-19 combined with environmental studies spanning the period between 1 December 2019 and 6 September 2020. The search yielded a collection of 440 articles published in scientific journals indexed on by Web of Science and Scopus databases. These publications can be broken down into six main themes: (i) a sharp reduction in air pollution and an improvement of the level of water pollution; (ii) the relationship of wind speed (positive), ultraviolet radiation (positive) and humidity (negative) with the rate of infections; (iii) the effect of the pandemic on the food supply chain and waste habits; (iv) wastewater monitoring offers a great potential as an early warning sign of COVID-19 transmission; (v) artificial intelligence and smart devices can be of great use in monitoring citizen mobilization; and (vi) the lessons gleaned from the pandemic that help define actions to mitigate climate change. The results of the current study therefore offer an agenda for future research and constitute a starting point for academics in the field of environmental studies to evaluate the effects of COVID-19.

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Topics: Environmental studies (53%)

23 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHTM.2021.04.006
Abstract: This study investigates the perceptions shaped by media towards trust, crisis management, healthcare system, and solidarity, as well as willingness to support and travel intention across two groups of countries with higher and lower COVID-19 case fatality rates. The findings showed more positive perceptions towards trust, crisis management, healthcare system, and solidarity in those countries with lower case fatality rate. The results also demonstrated the positive effects of trust and solidarity on willingness to support a destinations and indirect effects on travel intention for the countries with higher rate of case fatality. Theoretical and practical implications post pandemic are also discussed.

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Topics: Case fatality rate (64%)

10 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10708-020-10326-W
09 Nov 2020-GeoJournal
Abstract: This paper argues for a specific urban planning perspective on smart governance that we call "smart urban governance," which represents a move away from the technocratic way of governing cities often found in smart cities. A framework on smart urban governance is proposed on the basis of three intertwined key components, namely spatial, institutional, and technological components. To test the applicability of the framework, we conducted an international questionnaire survey on smart city projects. We then identified and discursively analyzed two smart city projects-Smart Nation Singapore and Helsinki Smart City-to illustrate how this framework works in practice. The questionnaire survey revealed that smart urban governance varies remarkably: As urban issues differ in different contexts, the governance modes and relevant ICT functionalities applied also differ considerably. Moreover, the case analysis indicates that a focus on substantive urban challenges helps to define appropriate modes of governance and develop dedicated technologies that can contribute to solving specific smart city challenges. The analyses of both cases highlight the importance of context (cultural, political, economic, etc.) in analyzing interactions between the components. In this, smart urban governance promotes a sociotechnical way of governing cities in the "smart" era by starting with the urban issue at stake, promoting demand-driven governance modes, and shaping technological intelligence more socially, given the specific context.

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Topics: Smart city (64%), Urban planning (58%), Corporate governance (52%)

9 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU13148018
18 Jul 2021-Sustainability
Abstract: Since its emergence in late 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has swept through many cities around the world, claiming millions of lives and causing major socio-economic impacts. The pandemic occurred at an important historical juncture when smart solutions and technologies have become ubiquitous in many cities. Against this background, in this review, we examine how smart city solutions and technologies have contributed to resilience by enhancing planning, absorption, recovery, and adaptation abilities. For this purpose, we reviewed 147 studies that have discussed issues related to the use of smart solutions and technologies during the pandemic. The results were synthesized under four themes, namely, planning and preparation, absorption, recovery, and adaptation. This review shows that investment in smart city initiatives can enhance the planning and preparation ability. In addition, the adoption of smart solutions and technologies can, among other things, enhance the capacity of cities to predict pandemic patterns, facilitate an integrated and timely response, minimize or postpone transmission of the virus, provide support to overstretched sectors, minimize supply chain disruption, ensure continuity of basic services, and offer solutions for optimizing city operations. These are promising results that demonstrate the utility of smart solutions for enhancing resilience. However, it should be noted that realizing this potential hinges on careful attention to important issues and challenges related to privacy and security, access to open-source data, technological affordance, legal barriers, technological feasibility, and citizen engagement. Despite this, this review shows that further development of smart city initiatives can provide unprecedented opportunities for enhancing resilience to the pandemic and similar future events.

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Topics: Smart city (60%), Resilience (network) (55%), Urban resilience (50%)

6 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.2139/SSRN.3623404
Tugba Bas, Sheeja Sivaprasad1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about unprecedented uncertainty and fear to global economies. This study provides a detailed analysis of the impact of the pandemic on the sector. The study adopts a case study approach with content analysis to analyse the impact of the pandemic on the T&T sector in the UK. The primary aim is to identify case studies that provide detailed and accessible information to undertake an in-depth analysis to understand the impact of the pandemic and the firms’ responses to the pandemic. Next, based on the analysis, the study proposes five key recommendations focusing on employee and customer well-being, technology infrastructure, sustainability, communication, and disaster planning for the sustainability of the sector. The authors argue that the study will provide practitioners and researchers a detailed analysis of the implications of the pandemic for future trends in the UK travel and tourism sector. It is vital for the sector to remain optimistic and embrace the challenges that the pandemic has brought on. Resilience and an emphasis on responsible and sustainable tourism would help the sector make a quick recovery.

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Topics: Sustainable tourism (56%), Tourism (54%)

6 Citations


References
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21 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TOURMAN.2008.01.005
Dimitrios Buhalis1, Rob Law2Institutions (2)
01 Aug 2008-Tourism Management
Abstract: This paper reviews the published articles on eTourism in the past 20 years. Using a wide variety of sources, mainly in the tourism literature, this paper comprehensively reviews and analyses prior studies in the context of Internet applications to tourism. The paper also projects future developments in eTourism and demonstrates critical changes that will influence the tourism industry structure. A major contribution of this paper is its overview of the research and development efforts that have been endeavoured in the field, and the challenges that tourism researchers are, and will be, facing.

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Topics: Tourism (59%)

2,349 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA2006100
Abstract: Background During the current worldwide pandemic, coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) was first diagnosed in Iceland at the end of February. However, data are limited on how SARS-CoV-2, th...

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Topics: Population (53%), Mass screening (50%)

1,033 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S12525-015-0196-8
01 Aug 2015-Electronic Markets
Abstract: Smart tourism is a new buzzword applied to describe the increasing reliance of tourism destinations, their industries and their tourists on emerging forms of ICT that allow for massive amounts of data to be transformed into value propositions. However, it remains ill-defined as a concept, which hinders its theoretical development. The paper defines smart tourism, sheds light on current smart tourism trends, and then lays out its technological and business foundations. This is followed by a brief discussion on the prospects and drawbacks of smart tourism. The paper further draws attention to the great need for research to inform smart tourism development and management.

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Topics: Tourism (64%)

759 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/JTM/TAAA030
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cruise ships carry a large number of people in confined spaces with relative homogeneous mixing. On 3 February, 2020, an outbreak of COVID-19 on cruise ship Diamond Princess was reporte ...

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Topics: Cruise (53%)

334 Citations