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Journal ArticleDOI

Social Control in the People's Republic of China:

01 Sep 1989-Criminal Justice Review (SAGE Publications)-Vol. 14, Iss: 2, pp 141-153
TL;DR: The American and Chinese approaches to social control offer two fundamentally different philosophical and experiential perspectives as discussed by the authors, and while the rights of the individual are of paramount importance i.e.,
Abstract: The American and Chinese approaches to social control offer two fundamentally different philosophical and experiential perspectives. While the rights of the individual are of paramount importance i...
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a preliminary investigation of these issues and propose alternative design solutions to address the problems and propose a preliminary design solution for gated communities in Chinese cities.
Abstract: Since the 1978 economic reform, more and more residential areas in Chinese cities have walled themselves away from their surroundings in order to improve security. What do these gated communities look like as compared to their US counterparts? What impact does this new development have, especially on urban life in high-density Chinese cities? How do cities in a developing, socialist country pick up so quickly a capitalist real-estate pattern started in the US just a few decades ago? This paper, the first on the topic, presents a preliminary investigation of these issues and proposes alternative design solutions to address the problems.

151 citations


Cites background from "Social Control in the People's Repu..."

  • ...For example, the US had an approximately 20% larger professional police force per 10 000 residents than China did at the end of the 1990s, not to mention the larger gaps in equipment and training (Bracey, 1989, p. 130; US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1993)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article analyzed a rare data set that contains information about public confidence in the police in China as well as in the United States and found that a universal pattern of evaluating the police is emerging despite the cultural, economical, and political differences.

138 citations

BookDOI
01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: In this article, the concept of place and related geographic methodologies has been used in understanding health and health care, and it suggests avenues of exploration for research on substance abuse and suggests that place provides a foundation for understanding how substance abuse behaviors, prevention, and treatment relate to place environments from the personal to the global scale.
Abstract: This chapter discusses how the concept of place and related geographic methodologies has been used in understanding health and health care, and it suggests avenues of exploration for research on substance abuse. ‘Place’ provides a foundation for understanding how substance abuse behaviors, prevention, and treatment relate to place environments from the personal to the global scale. I describe three main areas of contribution: exploring geographic inequalities in health; understanding the associations between place environments and health; and analyzing disparities in health care access and location. Each of these topics is discussed, in turn, emphasizing important themes and recent developments in health/medical geography literature and their applicability to research on substance use and abuse.

113 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The urban Residents' Committees (RCs; jumin weiyuanhui) have received relatively little study in recent years as mentioned in this paper, and this neglect is understandable, since the RCs remain pervasive in most areas of most cities and engage the energies of millions of activists and volunteers.
Abstract: While observers of China have always paid attention to the “base-level” administrative institutions and mass organizations created by the Communist party-state, urban Residents' Committees (RCs; jumin weiyuanhui) have received relatively little study in recent years. Though the RCs remain pervasive in most areas of most cities and engage the energies of millions of activists and volunteers, this neglect is understandable. During the Mao era, Western writing on neighbourhood organizations emphasized their role in helping to police and administer the harsh political order that gripped the cities. In the 1980s and 1990s, the authorities have yielded much greater space to a private sphere in which law-abiding individuals are relatively free from intrusion. Instruments of state penetration such as the RCs have seemed less worthy of analysis. They also lack the requisite autonomy to qualify as part of an emergent civil society, and moreover their limited progress in serving as a focus for democratic participation earns them much less international attention than their rural equivalents, the Villagers' Committees. They may even seem worthy of derision rather than study; merely mentioning the term juweihui often brings an amused smile to people's faces, as it connotes ageing, officious busy bodies poking into people's personal matters.

95 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Examination of if and how temporary migration increases the risk for HIV/STDs in China suggests that temporary migrants had significantly higher prevalence of HIV-risk sexual and drug using behaviours but no significant differences were found between migrants and non-migrants in prevalence ofAIDS.
Abstract: This paper examines if and how temporary migration increases the risk for HIV/STDs in China. Results suggest that temporary migrants had significantly higher prevalence of HIV-risk sexual and drug using behaviours but no significant differences were found between migrants and non-migrants in prevalence of HIV/STDs. Employing logistic regression analysis, we examined three mechanisms--lax social control, social isolation and migrant selectivity--by which the process of migration may lead to behaviour changes that increase migrants' HIV/STD risks. Results indicate that post-migration lax social control was the most significant mediating factor between migration and HIV risk behaviours. Temporary migrants are at high risk of HIV/STDs. Prevention interventions need to pay particular attention to migrants' post-migration lax social control.

91 citations


Cites background from "Social Control in the People's Repu..."

  • ...On the other hand, residential immobility may explain the absence of drugs and commercial sex in pre-reform China (Situ & Liu, 1996; Troyer et al., 1989)....

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References
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Book
01 Jan 1976
TL;DR: The Behavior of Law as discussed by the authors is one of the most important works in the history of sociology, and a precursor to the revolutionary theoretical approach of pure sociology, this short and lucid book is as relevant today as when it was first published in 1976.
Abstract: Hailed as one of the most important works in the history of sociology, and a precursor to the revolutionary theoretical approach of pure sociology, this short and lucid book is as relevant today as when it was first published in 1976. To honour this seminal book, Emerald is pleased to announce that it will publish a special edition of "The Behavior of Law", including a number of additional features: a new foreword from Mark Cooney; an interview with the author, entitled "How Law Behaves"; reflections from a number of prominent sociologists on "The Behavior of Law"'s impact over the last thirty years. It features an author profile written by Randall Collins.

1,354 citations

Book
01 Jan 1968
TL;DR: There would appear to be three at least which occupy uncontested place of prominence: the Romano-Germanic family, the Common law family and the family of Socialist law.
Abstract: There would appear to be three at least which occupy uncontested place of prominence: the Romano-Germanic family, the Common law family and the family of Socialist law. These three groups whatever their value and extension throughout the world do not however take into account all contemporary legal phenomena. There are other systems, situated outside these three traditions or sharing only part of their conception of things, which prevail in a large number of contemporary societies and in their regard too, a number of observations will be furnished.

287 citations

Book
01 Jan 1981

216 citations

Book
01 Jan 1982

165 citations