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Journal ArticleDOI

Social Participation among the Elderly: Moderated Mediation Model of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

31 May 2019-Communications of The Ais (Association for Information Systems)-Vol. 44, Iss: 1, pp 698-717

TL;DR: It is found that the size of the social network constituted the critical factor in the association between ICT use and social participation, and social isolation mediates the relationship between the ICTUse and socialparticipation.

AbstractResearchers have identified social participation for the elderly as a salient activity that benefits their wellbeing. Along that vein, prior studies have reported that ICT use increases the extent to which the elderly participate socially with one another. However, the literature remains silent on the mechanisms by which ICT use leads to social participation. In this paper, we draw on two prominent IS theories, actor-network theory (ANT) and activity theory (AT), to develop a conceptual framework by incorporating four social participation-oriented factors: ICT use, social participation, social isolation, and loneliness. We used a quantitative approach based on the cross-sectional survey to collect data from 240 elderly people. We analyzed the data using structural equation modeling based on SmartPLS 3.0. We found that the size of the social network constituted the critical factor in the association between ICT use and social participation. The outcome of the model suggests that ICT use does not impact the social participation directly. Rather, social isolation (absence of social network) mediates the relationship between the ICT use and social participation. Additionally, loneliness, one of the commonly observed psychological states in the elderly, weakens the influence of ICT use on social isolation. Our research advances our theoretical understanding about social participation among seniors and helps governments and businesses prepare ICT plans for the elderly appropriately.

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Citations
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DissertationDOI
01 Jan 2019
Abstract: Physical inactivity is a prevailing issue of our society causing billions in healthcare, productivity losses, and million deaths. To counteract this problem, fitness tracking technology is increasingly considered as a means to enhance motivate individuals’ physical activity motivation and behavior. Extant research, however, provides an overall inconclusive picture about the ‘motivational effectiveness’ of fitness tracking technology, reporting, positive, mixed, and even adverse impacts on physical activity motivation and behavior. To better understand these motivational impacts, this paper theorizes the role of the motivational affordances, the underlying motivation-psychological process, and the role of interpersonal, motivational differences of the users. Based on an empirical study involving 286 fitness tracking technology users, results reveal how individual motivational affordances distinctively satisfy users’ needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, and thereby enhance the physical activity motivation and behavior of the individuals. Moreover, results support interpersonal variations stemming from motivational affordances as that users pursuing certain physical activity goal obtain higher need satisfaction from the enacted affordances. In essence, this paper contributes with a deeper understanding about the motivation-psychological processes and variations underlying fitness tracking technology use which guides practice in the development of effective interventions.

8 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2015
Abstract: Research suggests that as the number of older people in Britain increases, more of them are living alone and experiencing social isolation and loneliness. It is estimated that around 12% of over 65s feel socially isolated. Social isolation and loneliness is being consistently linked to reduced wellbeing, health and quality of life in older people. Currently a range of interventions are being carried out to alleviate social isolation and loneliness among older people in Britain. This research set out to examine the impacts, limitations, and challenges to the current interventions targeting social isolation and loneliness among older people in Britain. The chosen method used to address the research question was undertaking a literature review. There were a number of findings derived from this research such as: current one-to-one interventions may have value to older people; and there are limitations and challenges to current one-to-one interventions. One key finding was that it appears significantly more women than men use current one-to-one interventions targeting social isolation and loneliness among older people. Another finding was that those who use current interventions tend to be mostly those who are around 80+.

6 citations


References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article seeks to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ, and delineates the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena.
Abstract: In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptually and strategically, the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ. We then go beyond this largely pedagogical function and delineate the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena, including control and stress, attitudes, and personality traits. We also provide a specific compendium of analytic procedures appropriate for making the most effective use of the moderator and mediator distinction, both separately and in terms of a broader causal system that includes both moderators and mediators.

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"Social Participation among the Elde..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Following the same definition, we also categorize social ICT as an actor....

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  • ...Correlations between Latent Variables Mean S.D. ICT LON SOI SOP ICT 2.06 1.25 —— LON 2.53 1.19 0.032 0.884 SOI 2.98 1.48 -0.614 -0.251 0.742 SOP 2.99 1.13 0.349 0.244 -0.702 0.846 Following Baron and Kenny (1986), we further examined the influence that social isolation had on the relationship between ICT and SOP....

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  • ...Loneliness had a significant effect on the relationship between ICT and social isolation but a nonsignificant effect on the relationship between social isolation and social participation (Baron & Kenny, 1986)....

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  • ...…Latent Variables Mean S.D. ICT LON SOI SOP ICT 2.06 1.25 —— LON 2.53 1.19 0.032 0.884 SOI 2.98 1.48 -0.614 -0.251 0.742 SOP 2.99 1.13 0.349 0.244 -0.702 0.846 Following Baron and Kenny (1986), we further examined the influence that social isolation had on the relationship between ICT and SOP....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results is examined, potential sources of method biases are identified, the cognitive processes through which method bias influence responses to measures are discussed, the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases is evaluated, and recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and Statistical remedies are provided.
Abstract: Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.

41,990 citations


"Social Participation among the Elde..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...First, we followed the procedures that Podsakoff et al. (2003) suggest when we designed the instrument and collected data....

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Abstract: Introduction Michael Cole and Sylvia Scribner Biographical Note on L S Vygotsky Basic Theory and Data 1 Tool and Symbol in Child Development 2 The Development of Perception and Attention 3 Mastery of Memory and Thinking 4 Internalization of Higher Psychological Functions 5 Problems of Method Educational Implications 6 Interaction between Learning and Development 7 The Role of Play in Development 8 The Prehistory of Written Language Afterword Vera John-Steiner and Ellen Souberman Notes Vygotsky's Works Index

32,855 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: For comments on an earlier draft of this chapter and for detailed advice I am indebted to Robert M. Hauser, Halliman H. Winsborough, and Toni Richards, several anonymous reviewers, and the editor of this volume. I also wish to thank John Raisian, Nancy Rytina, and Barbara Mann for their comments and Mark Wilson for able research assistance. The opinions expressed here are the sole responsibility of the author.

10,179 citations


"Social Participation among the Elde..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...To do so, we conducted a Sobel (1982) test and found that SOI fully mediated the relationship between ICT and social participation....

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