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Sociologie de la bourgeoisie

01 Jan 2001-Revue Francaise De Sociologie (Découverte)-Vol. 42, Iss: 1, pp 184-186
About: This article is published in Revue Francaise De Sociologie.The article was published on 2001-01-01. It has received 92 citations till now.
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TL;DR: In this article, the authors present some of the new constraints on and opportunities for action by parents, teachers and schools that result from both economic, cultural and educational changes and recent policy orientations.
Abstract: This article is based on the Keynote Address to the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), Crete, Greece, 21-25 September 2004. One of the most consistent results in sociology of education research has been the existence of inequalities in school results and educational trajectories related to social factors. Despite an important increase in number of years of schooling for all children in most European countries in the post-war period, research still shows important differences between social and ethnic groups and even a widening of the gap between the most advantaged and most disadvantaged in some countries. Factors shown by previous studies to account for these differences are still at work, but many of them are influential in new ways. In addition to this, new factors have to be taken into account. Using available sociological literature on European countries, while focusing specifically on France as an exemplary case, this article presents some of the new constraints on and opportunities for action by parents, teachers and schools that result from both economic, cultural and educational changes and recent policy orientations.

106 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore pathways to power from the perspective of the French corporate elite and compare those who enter the 'field of power' with those who fail to reach this final tier.
Abstract: This paper explores pathways to power from the perspective of the French corporate elite. It compares those who enter the 'field of power' with those who fail to reach this final tier. Adopting an innovative econometric approach, we develop and test three hypotheses. These underline the pivotal role of external networks and the strategic advantage of hyper-agency in maintaining power; and indicate that social origin remains a powerful driver in determining success. Birthright and meritocracy emerge as two competing institutional logics which influence life chances. Higher-status agents benefit from mutual recognition which enhances their likelihood of co-option to the extra-corporate networks that facilitate hyper-agency. The objectification of class-based differences conceals their arbitrary nature while institutionalizing the principles informing stratification. We re-connect class analysis with organizational theory, arguing that social origin exerts an enduring influence on selection dynamics which inform processes of hierarchical reproduction in the corporate elite and society at large.

76 citations


Cites background from "Sociologie de la bourgeoisie"

  • ...Inheritance must be seen to be merited to be deemed legitimate (Pinçon & Pinçon-Charlot, 2007)....

    [...]

  • ...…degree complicit by tacitly going along with the censoring of class analysis by ‘democratic creed’ (Charle, 1987, p. 11) and favouring neo-liberal ideology that class no longer matters, having forfeited its potential to determine life chances and career outcomes (Pinçon & Pinçon-Charlot, 2007)....

    [...]

  • ...The outward appearance of equal opportunity, however, is sustained by the notion of a ‘meritocratic society which rewards effort and … selects the best’ (Pinçon & Pinçon-Charlot, 2007, p. 103)....

    [...]

  • ...Scrutiny of the impact of social class in regulating entry into the FoP is all the more necessary because such spaces of power remain inaccessible to the vast majority of people (Pinçon & Pinçon-Charlot, 2007)....

    [...]

01 Jan 2003
TL;DR: A desterritorializacao deve ser enfatizada em seu sentido social, ligada a crescente dinâmica de exclusao socio-espacial a que denominamos "aglomerados humanos da exclusao" as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Um dos problemas dos discursos sobre a desterritorializacao, amplamente difundidos nas Ciencias Sociais na ultima decada, e que com frequencia eles nao fazem referencia ao conceito de territorio ao qual se referem. No lugar de desterritorializacao, na verdade o que temos hoje e um novo tipo de apropriacao e dominacao do espaco atraves de territorios-rede onde podemos ter acesso a uma multiplicidade de territorios, configurando outro(s). A desterritorializacao deve ser enfatizada em seu sentido social, ligada a crescente dinâmica de exclusao socio-espacial a que denominamos "aglomerados humanos da exclusao".

68 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors assess the discrepancies between the rhetorical level of policy aims and the pragmatic level of public policy outputs, raising methodological issues on the relevance of the communal scale for the measure of segregation and social mix.
Abstract: In France, a Housing Act, called Solidarite et Renouvellement Urbain (Solidarity and Urban Renewal), came into force in 2000. Its main aim is to challenge segregation in housing and to strengthen solidarity among citizens. It promotes a tenure mix through legal requirements: in urban areas, every commune should reach a minimum of 20 per cent social housing in its housing stock before 2020. This paper attempts to explain why policy makers believe in the virtues of a tenure mix. The second aim is to assess the discrepancies between the rhetorical level of policy aims and the pragmatic level of policy outputs, raising methodological issues on the relevance of the communal scale for the measure of segregation and social mix. The conclusion raises paradoxical issues: social class segmentation resists social mixing more strongly than ethnic segmentation; the French social mix policy strengthens ghettos and hinders the right to decent housing for the very poor.

63 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose a simple methodology to estimate an affluence line that depends on the knowledge of the income distribution and the poverty line for a given population, defined as the value that delimitates the aggregated income required to eradicate poverty by the way of transfers from the rich to the poor.
Abstract: The paper proposes a simple methodology to estimate an affluence line that depends on the knowledge of the income distribution and the poverty line for a given population. The idea that poverty is morally unacceptable and can be eradicated through redistribution of wealth provides the grounds for the methodology. The line is defined as the value that delimitates the aggregated income required to eradicate poverty by the way of transfers from the rich to the poor. I estimate an affluence line using Brazilian 1999 National Household Survey data and briefly discuss the results.

59 citations