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Journal ArticleDOI

Space at the Margins: Colonial Spatiality and Critical Theory After Innis

01 May 1997-Topia: The Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies (University of Toronto Press)-Vol. 1, Iss: 1, pp 55-82
About: This article is published in Topia: The Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies.The article was published on 1997-05-01. It has received 37 citations till now.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 2005-Cities
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyze the process of planning for the Israeli Bedouin of the Negev as a manifestation of the dialectics of globalization, and show how they recruit their local cultural narrative to affect the planning process, how these processes may be viewed as a globalized impact and localized response.

67 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a contemporary reading of George Orwell, evaluating his current role and function as novelist, essayist, and twentieth century cultural icon, including his role as a writer, critic, and cultural icon.
Abstract: This thesis summons a contemporary reading of George Orwell, evaluating his current role and function as novelist, essayist, and twentieth century cultural icon The year 2003 marked the centenary of Eric Blair's birth and proved a productive year for Blair (and Orwell) enthusiasts After nearly three years of research, my journey through Orwell's words and world(s) has undergone significant re-evaluation, taking me far beyond such an appropriate commemoration In the tragic aftermath of 9/11 - through Afghanistan and Iraq, Bali, Madrid, and London - Orwell's grimly dystopian vision acquires renewed significance for a new generation Few writers (living or dead) are as enduringly newsworthy and malleable as George Orwell The scope and diversity of his work - the sheer volume of his letters, essays, and assorted journalism - elicits a response from academics, journalists, critics and readers My research, tempered by a 'War' on terror and a televisual Big Brother, shapes these responses at a time when 24-hour surveillance is viewed as the path to instant celebrity Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four provides unique insights into a highly pervasive and secretive regime, which in light of post 9/11 political trajectories is highly admonitory These pathways and connections are produced in my research I do not make easy links between past and present - Eric and Tony Blair - at the level of metaphor or simile Indeed, the pages that follow traverse the digital archives and probe the rationale for mobilising Orwell in this time and place I am focussed on writing a history and establishing a context calibrated to the fictional Oceania This doctorate commenced as an investigation of George Orwell's journalism and fiction one hundred years after his birth At the outset of the candidature, the Twin Towers fell and new implications and interpretations of Orwell arose My research demonstrates that the Oceania of Orwell's imagining presents an evocative insight into the contemporary alliance forged by the Bush, Blair, and Howard triumvirate in its quest for world peace Using Orwell as a guide, I move through theories of writing and politics, in the process uncovering capitalism's inherently hostile and negligent attitude towards those who are materially less fortunate I began my work convinced of Orwell's relevance to cultural studies, particularly in understanding popular cultural writing and the need for social intervention I concluded this process even more persuaded of my original intent, but shaped, sharpened and compensated by new events, insights, tragedies and Big Brothers It is imperative for the future directives of cultural studies that critical, political, pedagogic and intellectual links with Orwell are (re-)formed, (re-)established and maintained My text works in the spaces between cultural studies and cultural journalism, pondering the role and significance of the critical - and dissenting - intellectual Memory, History, and Identity all circulate in Orwell's prose These concerns and questions have provided impetus and direction for this thesis They have also shaped the research Few expect Orwell's totalitarian dystopia to materialise unchallenged from the pages of a book The wielders of power are more capable and more subtle Yet it is impossible to deny that the litany of lies and contempt central to Big Brother's Oceania is reproducible by any administration assisted by a complicit media and a malleable citizenry The emergence of such a phenomenon has been well documented in the post 9/11 United States This thesis has arisen out of the miasma of hubris, lies and contempt framing and surrounding Mr Bush's war on terror My purpose - not unlike Orwell's in Nineteen Eighty-Four - is to warn, not judge or berate Orwell understood political rhetoric He was not a prophet but a journalist who interpreted the nuances and temptations of excessive power He had witnessed the extraordinary 'death' of history in Spain, and thereafter he raised his pen to combat intellectual hypocrisy and dishonesty wherever he found it Under Orwell's tutelage, plain words pierce, probe and unsettle They are sharp cutting instruments, fully capable of transcending time How else are we to explain his enduring popularity as a writer? This thesis offers a critical and interpretative homage to George Orwell, a man who recognised the beauty of well chosen words, who loved and appreciated their enduring complexity and power A framing structure has been chosen that places Orwell in close relation to poverty, class and politics, war and journalism Individual chapter headings (and their contents) exploit Orwell's unique response to the significant talking points of his era After resolving to write professionally, Orwell starved and struggled in Paris, and frequented 'doss houses' in and around London I track these wanderings in chapter one He studied the effects of the Depression and unemployment in Yorkshire and Lancashire (chapter two), and fought and was wounded in Spain (chapter three) Thereafter he turned to political writing and journalism (chapter four) What he failed to anticipate was a post war Britain overwhelmed by despondency and dissolved by internal devolution (chapter five) His concluding apocalyptic discharge, the dystopian Nineteen Eighty-Four, was directed at the higher echelons of institutional power and corporate corruption in Britain, America, and Europe, which I explore in chapter six The world has changed significantly since Orwell (and J B Priestley) went in search of England's faltering 'pulse' in the 1930s Englishness and traditional working class values have distorted and shifted in unexpected ways These transformations are partly the result of war and the loss of empire They are also a response to American cultural and economic hegemony, the privatisation of industry, offshore investments, the emergence of the European Economic Community, and the burgeoning global economy George Orwell matters, even after this scale of change because he faced his own prejudices on the page and developed a writing style that enabled him to challenge the accepted orthodoxies and hypocrisies of his era This is evident when returning to his essays and journalism, fifty-five years after his death He possessed the ability to make readers feel uncomfortable, raising topics and concerns that we would rather not discuss Denounced as a traitor by the pre-1956 unreconstructed left and feted as a hero by the self-congratulatory right, Orwell resists labelling and easy categorization We owe him a considerable debt for exposing the likely directions of unchecked political ambition, and this insight should not be treated lightly As I read him, Orwell was the last man in Europe, 'the canary in the mine' He is a literary world heritage site of considerable iconic appeal and international significance He is an outsider's 'outsider' perpetually facing inwards, and we need him now

35 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 1975-Screen
TL;DR: This paper used psychoanalysis to discover where and how the fascination of film is reinforced by pre-existing patterns of fascination already at work within the individual subject and the social formations that have moulded him.
Abstract: This paper intends to use psychoanalysis to discover where and how the fascination of film is reinforced by pre-existing patterns of fascination already at work within the individual subject and the social formations that have moulded him. It takes as its starting-point the way film reflects, reveals and even plays on the straight, socially established interpretation of sexual difference which controls images, erotic ways of looking and spectacle. It is helpful to understand what the cinema has been, how its magic has worked in the past, while attempting a theory and a practice which will challenge this cinema of the past. Psychoanalytic theory is thus appropriated here as a political weapon, demonstrating the way the unconscious of patriarchal society has structured film form.

5,533 citations

BookDOI
TL;DR: The Queen of America goes to Washington City as discussed by the authors, a book about the U.S. public sphere, argues that the political public sphere has become an intimate public sphere and questions why the contemporary ideal of citizenship is measured by personal and private acts and values rather than civic acts.
Abstract: In The Queen of America Goes to Washington City , Lauren Berlant focuses on the need to revitalize public life and political agency in the United States. Delivering a devastating critique of contemporary discourses of American citizenship, she addresses the triumph of the idea of private life over that of public life borne in the right-wing agenda of the Reagan revolution. By beaming light onto the idealized images and narratives about sex and citizenship that now dominate the U.S. public sphere, Berlant argues that the political public sphere has become an intimate public sphere. She asks why the contemporary ideal of citizenship is measured by personal and private acts and values rather than civic acts, and the ideal citizen has become one who, paradoxically, cannot yet act as a citizen—epitomized by the American child and the American fetus. As Berlant traces the guiding images of U.S. citizenship through the process of privatization, she discusses the ideas of intimacy that have come to define national culture. From the fantasy of the American dream to the lessons of Forrest Gump, Lisa Simpson to Queer Nation, the reactionary culture of imperilled privilege to the testimony of Anita Hill, Berlant charts the landscape of American politics and culture. She examines the consequences of a shrinking and privatized concept of citizenship on increasing class, racial, sexual, and gender animosity and explores the contradictions of a conservative politics that maintains the sacredness of privacy, the virtue of the free market, and the immorality of state overregulation—except when it comes to issues of intimacy. Drawing on literature, the law, and popular media, The Queen of America Goes to Washington City is a stunning and major statement about the nation and its citizens in an age of mass mediation. As it opens a critical space for new theory of agency, its narratives and gallery of images will challenge readers to rethink what it means to be American and to seek salvation in its promise.

1,418 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1991

1,073 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss a problematique generale for l'interpretation of the processus urbain capitaliste in relation with the lutte de classes.
Abstract: L'objectif de cet article est d'esquisser une problematique generale pour l'interpretation du processus urbain capitaliste A cette fin, deux themes apparentes, l'accumulation et la lutte de classes, sont examines Un examen de la theorie marxiste de l'accumulation mene a une comprehension theorique du role de l'investissement dans le cadre bati en relation avec l'ensemble de la structure et des contradictions du processus d'accumulation Plus precisement, l'investissement dans le cadre bâti est percu en relation avec les differentes formes de crise qui peuvent surgir sous le capitalisme Une selection d'exemples empiriques est presentee et discutee afin d'illustrer comment le support theorique est relie a l'evidence historique Ceci permet de mettre a l'interieur d'une perspective theorique coherente les ‘long cycles’ d'investissement observes, ainsi que les changements geographique des fluxes d'investissements Ensuite la maniere dont le cadre bâti lui-meme exprime et contribu aux crises capitalistes est examinee Il est demontre que sous le capitalisme il existe une lutte perpetuelle selon laquelle le capital essaye de construire un environnement propre a son image seulement pour le detruire avec la reapparition d'une nouvelle crise L'analyse considere alors comment la lutte de classes—c'est a dire la reaction organisee de la force du travail aux depredations du capital—influence la direction et la forme de l'investissement dans le cadre bâti D'un interet particulier est la maniere dont la lutte de classes au lieu du travail se trouve deplacee a travers le processus urbain vers des luttes centrees autour de la reproduction de la force du travail au foyer Quelques exemples de ces luttes sont presentes afin d'illustrer comment elles se rattachent a la lutte fondamentale au point de production en meme temps qu'elles influencent la direction et la forme de l'investissement dans le cadre bâti

836 citations

MonographDOI
01 Jan 1992

757 citations