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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JACS.0C13087

Stable Layered 2D Perovskite Solar Cells with an Efficiency of over 19% via Multifunctional Interfacial Engineering.

04 Mar 2021-Journal of the American Chemical Society (American Chemical Society (ACS))-Vol. 143, Iss: 10, pp 3911-3917
Abstract: Layered 2D perovskites have been extensively investigated by scientists with photovoltaics (PV) expertise due to their good environmental stability. However, a random phase distribution in the perovskite film could affect both the performance and stability of the devices. To overcome this problem, we propose multifunctional interface engineering of 2D GA2MA4Pb5I16 perovskite by employing guanidinium bromide (GABr) on top of it to optimize the secondary crystallization process. It is found that GABr treatment can facilitate to form a shiny and smooth surface of the 2D GA2MA4Pb5I16 film with excellent optoelectronic properties. Thus, we realize efficient and stable 2D perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with a champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 19.3% under AM 1.5G illumination. Additionally, the optimized device without encapsulation could retain 94% of the initial PCE for more than 3000 h after being stored under ambient conditions.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (55%), Photovoltaics (54%)

10 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S40820-021-00685-5
Miao Ren1, Sheng Cao1, Jialong Zhao1, Bingsuo Zou1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
02 Aug 2021-Nano-micro Letters
Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) perovskites are known as one of the most promising luminescent materials due to their structural diversity and outstanding optoelectronic properties. Compared with 3D perovskites, 2D perovskites have natural quantum well structures, large exciton binding energy (Eb) and outstanding thermal stability, which shows great potential in the next-generation displays and solid-state lighting. In this review, the fundamental structure, photophysical and electrical properties of 2D perovskite films were illustrated systematically. Based on the advantages of 2D perovskites, such as special energy funnel process, ultra-fast energy transfer, dense film and low efficiency roll-off, the remarkable achievements of 2D perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) are summarized, and exciting challenges of 2D perovskite are also discussed. An outlook on further improving the efficiency of pure-blue PeLEDs, enhancing the operational stability of PeLEDs and reducing the toxicity to push this field forward was also provided. This review provides an overview of the recent developments of 2D perovskite materials and LED applications, and outlining challenges for achieving the high-performance devices.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (52%)

2 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/D1SE00589H
Peirong Liu1, Shouwu Yu1, Shujuan Xiao1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Since its discovery, perovskite has experienced tremendous development. Furthermore, due to the outstanding stability of two-dimensional (2D) perovskites, they have been attracting increasing attention. A reduction in the dimensions of perovskites and the introduction of long organic chains yield new structures and properties. As an emerging semiconductor material with high stability, 2D perovskites have many applications in the field of optoelectronics. This review mainly describes the development and application of 2D perovskites in recent years. Firstly, we introduce the basic structure and classification of 2D perovskites. Also, we discuss the change in their characteristics and performances with a variation in the number of inorganic layers. Next, 2D perovskites are classified according to their applications in different fields. Finally, a summary and outlook based on the current development trends of 2D perovskites are presented.

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1 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/5.0065070
Abstract: In recent years, two dimensional (2D) perovskites have attracted growing interest as a material for optoelectronic applications, combining the defect tolerance and strong absorption of bulk perovskites with enhanced material stability. Moreover, the possibility to tune their bandgap via control of the thickness of the perovskite layers allows precise optimization of the energy levels in these materials, making them ideal candidates for rationally designed semiconductor heterojunctions. However, despite the advances in the synthesis of 2D perovskites, typical fabrication strategies produce either uniform thin-films or isolated single crystals, severely hindering the prospect of patterning these materials. We demonstrate an ion-exchange synthesis of 2D perovskites, starting from a lead carbonate host material and converting it to 2D perovskites via a solution-based treatment. The process allows for the fabrication of 2D perovskites spanning a range of halide compositions and 2D layer thicknesses and yields highly crystalline luminescent materials. We demonstrate the potential of this approach for 2D perovskite patterning, spatially localizing 2D perovskite structures via the conversion of pre-patterned lead carbonate structures. These results significantly expand the possibilities of 2D perovskite material design toward controllable integration of 2D perovskites in complex device architectures.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (54%)


42 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1254050
Huanping Zhou1, Qi Chen1, Gang Li1, Song Luo1  +6 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Aug 2014-Science
Abstract: Advancing perovskite solar cell technologies toward their theoretical power conversion efficiency (PCE) requires delicate control over the carrier dynamics throughout the entire device. By controlling the formation of the perovskite layer and careful choices of other materials, we suppressed carrier recombination in the absorber, facilitated carrier injection into the carrier transport layers, and maintained good carrier extraction at the electrodes. When measured via reverse bias scan, cell PCE is typically boosted to 16.6% on average, with the highest efficiency of ~19.3% in a planar geometry without antireflective coating. The fabrication of our perovskite solar cells was conducted in air and from solution at low temperatures, which should simplify manufacturing of large-area perovskite devices that are inexpensive and perform at high levels.

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Topics: Perovskite solar cell (67%), Perovskite (structure) (58%), Methylammonium lead halide (54%) ... read more

5,222 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE18306
Hsinhan Tsai1, Hsinhan Tsai2, Wanyi Nie2, Jean-Christophe Blancon2  +16 moreInstitutions (5)
18 Aug 2016-Nature
Abstract: Three-dimensional organic-inorganic perovskites have emerged as one of the most promising thin-film solar cell materials owing to their remarkable photophysical properties, which have led to power conversion efficiencies exceeding 20 per cent, with the prospect of further improvements towards the Shockley-Queisser limit for a single‐junction solar cell (33.5 per cent). Besides efficiency, another critical factor for photovoltaics and other optoelectronic applications is environmental stability and photostability under operating conditions. In contrast to their three-dimensional counterparts, Ruddlesden-Popper phases--layered two-dimensional perovskite films--have shown promising stability, but poor efficiency at only 4.73 per cent. This relatively poor efficiency is attributed to the inhibition of out-of-plane charge transport by the organic cations, which act like insulating spacing layers between the conducting inorganic slabs. Here we overcome this issue in layered perovskites by producing thin films of near-single-crystalline quality, in which the crystallographic planes of the inorganic perovskite component have a strongly preferential out-of-plane alignment with respect to the contacts in planar solar cells to facilitate efficient charge transport. We report a photovoltaic efficiency of 12.52 per cent with no hysteresis, and the devices exhibit greatly improved stability in comparison to their three-dimensional counterparts when subjected to light, humidity and heat stress tests. Unencapsulated two-dimensional perovskite devices retain over 60 per cent of their efficiency for over 2,250 hours under constant, standard (AM1.5G) illumination, and exhibit greater tolerance to 65 per cent relative humidity than do three-dimensional equivalents. When the devices are encapsulated, the layered devices do not show any degradation under constant AM1.5G illumination or humidity. We anticipate that these results will lead to the growth of single-crystalline, solution-processed, layered, hybrid, perovskite thin films, which are essential for high-performance opto-electronic devices with technologically relevant long-term stability.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (56%), Solar cell (56%), Photovoltaics (54%)

1,992 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.AAD1818
Himchan Cho1, Su Hun Jeong1, Min-Ho Park1, Young-Hoon Kim1  +9 moreInstitutions (5)
04 Dec 2015-Science
Abstract: Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites are emerging low-cost emitters with very high color purity, but their low luminescent efficiency is a critical drawback. We boosted the current efficiency (CE) of perovskite light-emitting diodes with a simple bilayer structure to 42.9 candela per ampere, similar to the CE of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes, with two modifications: We prevented the formation of metallic lead (Pb) atoms that cause strong exciton quenching through a small increase in methylammonium bromide (MABr) molar proportion, and we spatially confined the exciton in uniform MAPbBr3 nanograins (average diameter = 99.7 nanometers) formed by a nanocrystal pinning process and concomitant reduction of exciton diffusion length to 67 nanometers. These changes caused substantial increases in steady-state photoluminescence intensity and efficiency of MAPbBr3 nanograin layers.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (53%), Photoluminescence (53%), Exciton (52%) ... read more

1,834 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JACS.5B03796
Abstract: We report on the fabrication and properties of the semiconducting 2D (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2(CH3NH3)n–1PbnI3n+1 (n = 1, 2, 3, and 4) perovskite thin films. The band gaps of the series decrease with increasing n values, from 2.24 eV (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2PbI4 (n = 1) to 1.52 eV CH3NH3PbI3 (n = ∞). The compounds exhibit strong light absorption in the visible region, accompanied by strong photoluminescence at room temperature, rendering them promising light absorbers for photovoltaic applications. Moreover, we find that thin films of the semi-2D perovskites display an ultrahigh surface coverage as a result of the unusual film self-assembly that orients the [PbnI3n+1]− layers perpendicular to the substrates. We have successfully implemented this 2D perovskite family in solid-state solar cells, and obtained an initial power conversion efficiency of 4.02%, featuring an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 929 mV and a short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 9.42 mA/cm2 from the n = 3 compound. This result is even more encouraging con...

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (55%), Solar cell (55%), Thin film (52%) ... read more

1,359 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVB.82.245207
16 Dec 2010-Physical Review B
Abstract: Recombination of photogenerated charge carriers in polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells reduces the short circuit current $({J}_{sc})$ and the fill factor (FF). Identifying the mechanism of recombination is, therefore, fundamentally important for increasing the power conversion efficiency. Light intensity and temperature-dependent current-voltage measurements on polymer BHJ cells made from a variety of different semiconducting polymers and fullerenes show that the recombination kinetics are voltage dependent and evolve from first-order recombination at short circuit to bimolecular recombination at open circuit as a result of increasing the voltage-dependent charge carrier density in the cell. The ``missing 0.3 V'' inferred from comparison of the band gaps of the bulk heterojunction materials and the measured open-circuit voltage at room-temperature results from the temperature dependence of the quasi-Fermi levels in the polymer and fullerene domains---a conclusion based on the fundamental statistics of fermions.

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1,340 Citations

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