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Statistical Genre Analysis: Toward Big Data Methodologies in Technical Communication

TL;DR: The study assesses pharmaceutical sponsor presentations at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug advisory committee meetings and indicates the need for changes to FDA conflict-of-interest policies.
Abstract: This article pilots a study in statistical genre analysis, a mixed-method approach for (a) identifying conventional responses as a statistical distribution within a big data set and (b) assessing which deviations from the conventional might be more effective for changes in audience, purpose, or context. The study assesses pharmaceutical sponsor presentations at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug advisory committee meetings. Preliminary findings indicate the need for changes to FDA conflict-of-interest policies.
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TL;DR: It is generally believed that the teacher is the nation builder as mentioned in this paper, and therefore it is important that these same issues be addressed with access to the necessary resources or controls for small business.
Abstract: It is generally believed that the teacher is the nation builder. Wed, 30 Jan 2019 00:01:00 GMT Suggestive Strategies for Achieving Teacher Effectiveness Information Security Policy 3 require that these same issues be addressed withou t access to the necessary resources or controls. Frequently, the only control choice for small business may be policy. Mon, 28 Jan 2019 08:53:00 GMT Information Security Policy for Small business MOST WORSHIPFUL PRINCE HALL GRAND LODGE . FREE & ACCEPTED MASONS . STATE OF CALIFORNIA, INC. 9027 S. Figueroa Street . Los Angeles, California 90003-3229 Wed, 30 Jan 2019 17:19:00 GMT MOST WORSHIPFUL PRINCE HALL GRAND LODGE FREE & ACCEPTED ... PRINCIPLES OF REMOTE SENSING Shefali Aggarwal Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Division Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehra Dun Abstract : Remote sensing is a technique to observe the earth surface or the PRINCIPLES OF REMOTE SENSING wamis.org CLASSROOM DYNAMICS IN ADULT LITERACY EDUCATION Hal Beder and Patsy Medina Rutgers University NCSALL Reports #18 December 2001 Harvard University Graduate School of Education Classroom Dynamics in Adult Literacy Education L'economicità delle imprese di trasporto pubblico locale (TPL). Comparazione dei costi, dei rendimenti e dei risultati, La tutela internazionale dei diritti umani (Farsi un'idea), Le parole del castello. Nomenclatura castellana, L'allegria à ̈ il mio elemento. Trecento lettere con Leone Piccioni, La vera dieta dei gruppi sanguigni, Lady Mechanika: 1, L'economia politica dei diritti umani: La Washington connection e il fascismo nel terzo mondoDopo il cataclisma, Le tue birre di frumento. Blanche, Weizen e altri stili birrari con frumento, L'autobiografia scientifica di Aldo Rossi. Un'indagine critica tra scrittura e progetto di architettura, Le ricette di «Cotto e mangiato», L'ambiente capitale. Alternative alla globalizzazione contro natura: Cuba investe sull'umanità . Con DVD, La transazione, Le Opere di Galileo Galilei, Vol. 13: Prima Edizione Completa; Condotta Sugli Autentici Manoscritti Palatini e Dedicata A S. A. I. E R. Leopoldo II, Granduca di Toscana (Classic Reprint), Le regole del mercato senza regole, Le domus dei cardinali nella Roma del Duecento: Gioielli, mobili, libri (La corte dei papi), L'anima di un'artista. Mirella Guidetti Giacomelli, L'architettura nell'Italia contemporanea ovvero il tramonto del paesaggio, La Terra Ai Contadini: IL Passato, IL Presente e l'Avvenire della Proprietà in Italia (Classic Reprint), Le piÃ1 belle storie in cucina, Le Origini del Risorgimento Italiano (17891815) (Classic Reprint), L'anima delle spezie: 1, L'arte della cinematografiaThe art of cinematography. Ediz. bilingue. Con DVD, La storia di Livorno a fumetti 18001945, Le cucine di Romagna. Storia e ricette, Le origini della comunicazione umana, L'arte della fotografia digitale in bianconero. Ediz. illustrata, L'acero bonsai. La coltivazione dell'acero tridente e palmato: storia, segreti e tecniche di coltivazione, La tutela sociale e legale dei min renni. Interpretazione e pplic zione del diritto minorile, Le ribelli di Challant, Le ferrovie (Storica paperbacks Vol. 101), Le Attitudini della Colonia Eritrea all'Agricoltura: Memoria Letta Alla R. Acc demia del Georgofili observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF] [ePub] [Mobi] Download observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF], [ePub], [Mobi] Books observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis [PDF], [ePub], [Mobi] Page 3 observing interaction an introduction to sequential analysis nell'Adunanza Straordinaria del di 18 Maggio 1902 (Classic Reprint)

970 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In a recent work, Latour as discussed by the authors argued that mainstream environmental movements are doomed to fail so long as they envision political ecology as inextricably tied to the protection and management of nature through political methodologies and policies.
Abstract: Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy. By Bruno Latour. Translated by Catherine Porter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004; pp. x + 307. $55.00 cloth; $24.95 paper. The academic study of environmental ethics, particularly of "deep ecology," has generated extensive scholarly discussion in recent years. Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences Into Democracy, by French author Bruno Latour, brings a fascinating and bold new twist to contemporary discussions about the nature of "nature." Latour proposes a radical shift in current conceptions of "political ecology," arguing that mainstream environmental movements are doomed to fail so long as they envision political ecology as inextricably tied to the protection and management of nature through political methodologies and policies. Instead, political ecology should abandon socially constructed representations of nature as an uncontrollable monolith. The former perspective is dangerous, Latour argues, because it enables science to silence public deliberation about ecological issues and close off options to prevent pending environmental crises. The rhetoric of science, whose credibility emanates from the dual sources of indisputable expertise and dire warnings, paralyzes the polis. Unable to contest scientific fact, and faced with pending environmental cataclysm, public and political discussion centered on the inevitable question of "What next?" becomes stagnant and devoid of solutions. In the first chapter, Latour argues that "nature is the chief obstacle that has hampered the development of public discourse" (9). Nature, or at least the agreed-upon external reality that is often represented as nature, allows science to render the public sphere voiceless. Unqualified to objectively test and observe natural facts, the polis is relegated to the sidelines, and engages in endless quibbling about matters of value which are a rung lower on the hierarchy of social concerns. The hegemony of science and the god-like status of the scientist, who is the only legitimate liaison between the natural world and the public, render meaningful political discourse impotent. "[T]he Scientist can go back and forth from one world to the other no matter what: the passageway closed to all others is open to him alone" (11). Latour concludes this chapter by examining how Western societies, particularly the United States, use nature to order and organize political life. Uncontestable facts of nature, and rhetoric that represents nature as something to be controlled, protected, or managed, permeate everyday political discourse and decision-making to a degree not seen in other cultures. Having thrown off the yoke of nature, Latour sketches one precondition for a more communal and sustainable political ecology in chapter 2. Here, a critique of anthropocentrism is used to cast off false, socially constructed distinctions between human and nonhuman, including animals and inanimate objects like rocks and trees. Of particular interest to rhetorical scholars, Latour also criticizes at length the modernist belief that speech and the capacity for rational thought distinguish humans from nonhumans. Instead, he posits that political ecology must be recast as a collective of beings both human and nonhuman, both capable of speech and mute: "a slight displacement of our attention suffices to show that nonhumans, too, are implicated in a great number of speech impedimenta" (62-63). This rethinking of the public collective is necessary to prevent scientists from imposing the idea that they definitively represent and speak for nature (the mute objects that they seek so earnestly to protect). …

778 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1980
TL;DR: History Conceptual Foundations Uses and Kinds of Inference The Logic of Content Analysis Designs Unitizing Sampling Recording Data Languages Constructs for Inference Analytical Techniques The Use of Computers Reliability Validity A Practical Guide
Abstract: History Conceptual Foundations Uses and Kinds of Inference The Logic of Content Analysis Designs Unitizing Sampling Recording Data Languages Constructs for Inference Analytical Techniques The Use of Computers Reliability Validity A Practical Guide

25,749 citations


"Statistical Genre Analysis: Toward ..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...Content analysis pioneer Krippendorff (1980) offers a similar account of his research in his textbook, where he argues, ‘‘As a research technique, content analysis involves specialized procedures for processing scientific data....

    [...]

Book
01 Jan 1982
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an overview of the basic concepts of multivariate analysis, including matrix algebra and random vectors, as well as a strategy for analyzing multivariate models.
Abstract: (NOTE: Each chapter begins with an Introduction, and concludes with Exercises and References.) I. GETTING STARTED. 1. Aspects of Multivariate Analysis. Applications of Multivariate Techniques. The Organization of Data. Data Displays and Pictorial Representations. Distance. Final Comments. 2. Matrix Algebra and Random Vectors. Some Basics of Matrix and Vector Algebra. Positive Definite Matrices. A Square-Root Matrix. Random Vectors and Matrices. Mean Vectors and Covariance Matrices. Matrix Inequalities and Maximization. Supplement 2A Vectors and Matrices: Basic Concepts. 3. Sample Geometry and Random Sampling. The Geometry of the Sample. Random Samples and the Expected Values of the Sample Mean and Covariance Matrix. Generalized Variance. Sample Mean, Covariance, and Correlation as Matrix Operations. Sample Values of Linear Combinations of Variables. 4. The Multivariate Normal Distribution. The Multivariate Normal Density and Its Properties. Sampling from a Multivariate Normal Distribution and Maximum Likelihood Estimation. The Sampling Distribution of 'X and S. Large-Sample Behavior of 'X and S. Assessing the Assumption of Normality. Detecting Outliners and Data Cleaning. Transformations to Near Normality. II. INFERENCES ABOUT MULTIVARIATE MEANS AND LINEAR MODELS. 5. Inferences About a Mean Vector. The Plausibility of ...m0 as a Value for a Normal Population Mean. Hotelling's T 2 and Likelihood Ratio Tests. Confidence Regions and Simultaneous Comparisons of Component Means. Large Sample Inferences about a Population Mean Vector. Multivariate Quality Control Charts. Inferences about Mean Vectors When Some Observations Are Missing. Difficulties Due To Time Dependence in Multivariate Observations. Supplement 5A Simultaneous Confidence Intervals and Ellipses as Shadows of the p-Dimensional Ellipsoids. 6. Comparisons of Several Multivariate Means. Paired Comparisons and a Repeated Measures Design. Comparing Mean Vectors from Two Populations. Comparison of Several Multivariate Population Means (One-Way MANOVA). Simultaneous Confidence Intervals for Treatment Effects. Two-Way Multivariate Analysis of Variance. Profile Analysis. Repealed Measures, Designs, and Growth Curves. Perspectives and a Strategy for Analyzing Multivariate Models. 7. Multivariate Linear Regression Models. The Classical Linear Regression Model. Least Squares Estimation. Inferences About the Regression Model. Inferences from the Estimated Regression Function. Model Checking and Other Aspects of Regression. Multivariate Multiple Regression. The Concept of Linear Regression. Comparing the Two Formulations of the Regression Model. Multiple Regression Models with Time Dependant Errors. Supplement 7A The Distribution of the Likelihood Ratio for the Multivariate Regression Model. III. ANALYSIS OF A COVARIANCE STRUCTURE. 8. Principal Components. Population Principal Components. Summarizing Sample Variation by Principal Components. Graphing the Principal Components. Large-Sample Inferences. Monitoring Quality with Principal Components. Supplement 8A The Geometry of the Sample Principal Component Approximation. 9. Factor Analysis and Inference for Structured Covariance Matrices. The Orthogonal Factor Model. Methods of Estimation. Factor Rotation. Factor Scores. Perspectives and a Strategy for Factor Analysis. Structural Equation Models. Supplement 9A Some Computational Details for Maximum Likelihood Estimation. 10. Canonical Correlation Analysis Canonical Variates and Canonical Correlations. Interpreting the Population Canonical Variables. The Sample Canonical Variates and Sample Canonical Correlations. Additional Sample Descriptive Measures. Large Sample Inferences. IV. CLASSIFICATION AND GROUPING TECHNIQUES. 11. Discrimination and Classification. Separation and Classification for Two Populations. Classifications with Two Multivariate Normal Populations. Evaluating Classification Functions. Fisher's Discriminant Function...nSeparation of Populations. Classification with Several Populations. Fisher's Method for Discriminating among Several Populations. Final Comments. 12. Clustering, Distance Methods and Ordination. Similarity Measures. Hierarchical Clustering Methods. Nonhierarchical Clustering Methods. Multidimensional Scaling. Correspondence Analysis. Biplots for Viewing Sample Units and Variables. Procustes Analysis: A Method for Comparing Configurations. Appendix. Standard Normal Probabilities. Student's t-Distribution Percentage Points. ...c2 Distribution Percentage Points. F-Distribution Percentage Points. F-Distribution Percentage Points (...a = .10). F-Distribution Percentage Points (...a = .05). F-Distribution Percentage Points (...a = .01). Data Index. Subject Index.

11,697 citations

Book
01 Jan 1982
TL;DR: Within-subject and mixed designs of Factorial Design have been studied in this article, where the Principal Two-Factor Within-Factor Effects and Simple Effects have been used to estimate the effect size and power of interaction components.
Abstract: I. INTRODUCTION. 1. Experimental Design. II. SINGLE FACTOR EXPERIMENTS. 2. Sources of Variability and Sums of Squares. 3. Variance Estimates and F Ratio. 4. Analytical Comparisons Among Means. 5. Analysis of Trend. 6. Simultaneous Comparisons. 7. The Linear Model and Its Assumptions. 8. Effect Size and Power. 9. Using Statistical Software. III. FACTORIAL EXPERIMENTS WITH TWO FACTORS. 10. Introduction to the Factorial Design. 11. The Principal Two-Factor Effects. 12. Main Effects and Simple Effects. 13. The Analysis of Interaction Components. IV. NONORTHOGONALITY AND THE GENERAL LINEAR MODEL. 14. General Linear Model. 15. The Analysis of Covariance. V. WITHIN-SUBJECT DESIGNS. 16. The Single-Factor Within-Subject Design. 17. Further Within-Subject Topics. 18. The Two-Factor Within-Subject Design. 19. The Mixed Design: Overall Analysis. 20. The Mixed Design: Analytical Analyses. VI. HIGHER FACTORIAL DESIGNS AND OTHER EXTENSIONS. 21. The Overall Three-Factor Design. 22. The Three-Way Analytical Analysis. 23. Within-Subject and Mixed Designs. 24. Random Factors and Generalization. 25. Nested Factors. 26. Higher-Order Designs. Appendix A: Statistical Tables.

6,216 citations

Book
01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: The authors provides a survey of approaches to various genres of language, and considers these in relation to communication and task-based language learning, as well as examples of different genres and how they can be made accessible through genre analysis.
Abstract: In recent years the concept of 'register' has been increasingly replaced by emphasis on the analysis of genre, which relates work in sociolinguistics, text linguistics and discourse analysis to the study of specialist areas of language. This book is a clear, authoritative guide to this complex area. He provides a survey of approaches to varieties of language, and considers these in relation to communication and task-based language learning. Swales outlines an approach to the analysis of genre, and then proceeds to consider examples of different genres and how they can be made accessible through genre analysis. This is important reading for all those working in teaching English for academic purposes and also of interest to those working in post-secondary writing and composition due to relevant issues in writing across the curriculum.

4,569 citations