Open accessJournal Article

# Superconductivity in CuAl2-type Co0.2Ni0.1Cu0.1Rh0.3Ir0.3Zr2 with a high-entropy-alloy transition metal site

04 Mar 2021-Materials research letters (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 9, Iss: 3, pp 141-147
Abstract: Research on high-entropy-alloy (HEA) superconductors is a growing field in material science. In this study, we explored new HEA-type superconductors and discovered a CuAl2-type superconductor Co0.2...

Topics: Superconductivity (55%)
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Open accessJournal Article
Md. Riad Kasem1, Aichi Yamashita1, Yosuke Goto1, Tatsuma D. Matsuda1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: We report on the synthesis and superconductivity of high-entropy-alloy-type (HEA-type) compounds TrZr2 (Tr = Fe, Co, Ni, Rh, Ir), in which the Tr site satisfies the criterion of HEA. Polycrystalline samples of HEA-type TrZr2 with four different compositions at the Tr site were synthesized by arc melting method. The phase purity and crystal structure were examined by Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction profile. It has been confirmed that the obtained samples have a CuAl2-type tetragonal structure. From analyses of elemental composition and mixing entropy at the Tr site, the HEA state for the Tr site was confirmed. The physical properties of obtained samples were characterized by electrical resistivity and magnetization measurements. All the samples show bulk superconductivity with various transition temperature (Tc). The Tc varied according to the compositions and showed correlations with the lattice constant c and Tr-Zr bond lengths. Introduction of an HEA site in TrZr2 is useful to achieve systematic tuning of Tc with a wide temperature range, which would be a merit for superconductivity application.

Topics: Rietveld refinement (54%), Lattice constant (52%),  ... read more

4 Citations

Open accessBook Chapter
Abstract: Since the discovery of superconductivity in a high-entropy alloy (HEA) Ti-Zr-Nb-Hf-Ta in 2014, the community of superconductor science has explored new HEA superconductors to find the merit of the HEA states on superconducting properties. Since 2018, we have developed HEA-type compounds as superconductors or thermoelectric materials. As well known, compounds like intermetallic compounds or layered compounds are composed of multi crystallographic sites. In a HEA-type compounds, one or more sites are alloyed and total mixing entropy satisfies with the criterion of HEA. Herein, we summarize the synthesis methods, the crystal structural variation and superconducting properties of the HEA-type compounds, which include NaCl-type metal tellurides, CuAl2-type transition metal zirconides, high-Tc cuprates, and BiS2-based layered superconductors. The effects of the introduction of a HEA site in various kinds of complicated compounds are discussed from the structural-dimensionality viewpoint.

4 Citations

Open accessJournal Article
Md. Riad Kasem1, Aichi Yamashita1, Yosuke Goto1, Tatsuma D. Matsuda1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: We report on the synthesis and superconductivity of high-entropy-alloy-type (HEA-type) compounds TrZr2 (Tr = Fe, Co, Ni, Rh, Ir), in which the Tr site satisfies the criterion of HEA. Polycrystalline samples of HEA-type TrZr2 with four different compositions at the Tr site were synthesized by arc melting method. The phase purity and crystal structure were examined by Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction profile. It has been confirmed that the obtained samples have a CuAl2-type tetragonal structure. From analyses of elemental composition and mixing entropy at the Tr site, the HEA state for the Tr site was confirmed. The physical properties of obtained samples were characterized by electrical resistivity and magnetization measurements. All the samples show bulk superconductivity with various transition temperatures (Tc). The Tc varied according to the compositions and showed correlations with the lattice constant c and Tr–Zr bond lengths. Introduction of an HEA site in TrZr2 is useful to achieve systematic tuning of Tc with a wide temperature range, which would be a merit for superconductivity application.

Topics: Rietveld refinement (55%), Lattice constant (52%),  ... read more

3 Citations

Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: Studies on high-entropy alloy (HEA) superconductors have recently been increasing, particularly in the fields of materials science and condensed matter physics. To contribute to research on new HEA-type superconductors, in our study we synthesized polycrystalline samples of A15-type superconductors of Nb3Al0.2Sn0.2Ge0.2Ga0.2Si0.2 (#1) and Nb3Al0.3Sn0.3Ge0.2Ga0.1Si0.1 (#2) with an HEA-type site by arc melting. Elemental and structural analyses revealed that the compositions of the obtained samples satisfied the HEA state criteria. Superconducting transitions were observed at 9.0 and 11.0 K for #1 and #2, respectively, in the temperature dependence of magnetization and electrical resistivity. Specific heat measurements revealed that the Sommerfeld coefficient, Debye temperature, and ΔC/γTc for the obtained samples were close to those reported for conventional Nb3Sn family superconductors.

Topics: Superconductivity (55%), Debye model (53%),

2 Citations

Journal Article
30 Jun 2021-Nature
Abstract: New metal mixes create more efficient catalysts and better jet engines. New metal mixes create more efficient catalysts and better jet engines.

Topics: High entropy alloys (50%), Jet engine (50%)

1 Citations

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35 results found

Open accessJournal Article
01 Dec 1957-Physical Review
Abstract: A theory of superconductivity is presented, based on the fact that the interaction between electrons resulting from virtual exchange of phonons is attractive when the energy difference between the electrons states involved is less than the phonon energy, $\ensuremath{\hbar}\ensuremath{\omega}$. It is favorable to form a superconducting phase when this attractive interaction dominates the repulsive screened Coulomb interaction. The normal phase is described by the Bloch individual-particle model. The ground state of a superconductor, formed from a linear combination of normal state configurations in which electrons are virtually excited in pairs of opposite spin and momentum, is lower in energy than the normal state by amount proportional to an average ${(\ensuremath{\hbar}\ensuremath{\omega})}^{2}$, consistent with the isotope effect. A mutually orthogonal set of excited states in one-to-one correspondence with those of the normal phase is obtained by specifying occupation of certain Bloch states and by using the rest to form a linear combination of virtual pair configurations. The theory yields a second-order phase transition and a Meissner effect in the form suggested by Pippard. Calculated values of specific heats and penetration depths and their temperature variation are in good agreement with experiment. There is an energy gap for individual-particle excitations which decreases from about $3.5k{T}_{c}$ at $T=0\ifmmode^\circ\else\textdegree\fi{}$K to zero at ${T}_{c}$. Tables of matrix elements of single-particle operators between the excited-state superconducting wave functions, useful for perturbation expansions and calculations of transition probabilities, are given.

Topics: BCS theory (53%), Ground state (53%), Excited state (52%) ... read more

8,984 Citations

Journal Article
Jien-Wei Yeh, Swe-Kai Chen1, Su-Jien Lin1, Jon-Yiew Gan1  +5 moreInstitutions (5)
Abstract: A new approach for the design of alloys is presented in this study. These high-entropy alloys with multi-principal elements were synthesized using well-developed processing technologies. Preliminary results demonstrate examples of the alloys with simple crystal structures, nanostructures, and promising mechanical properties. This approach may be opening a new era in materials science and engineering.

Topics: High entropy alloys (59%)

5,104 Citations

Journal Article
Koichi Momma1, Fujio Izumi2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A cross-platform program, VESTA, has been developed to visualize both structural and volumetric data in multiple windows with tabs. VESTA represents crystal structures by ball-and-stick, space-filling, polyhedral, wireframe, stick, dot-surface and thermal-ellipsoid models. A variety of crystal-chemical information is extractable from fractional coordinates, occupancies and oxidation states of sites. Volumetric data such as electron and nuclear densities, Patterson functions, and wavefunctions are displayed as isosurfaces, bird's-eye views and two-dimensional maps. Isosurfaces can be colored according to other physical quantities. Translucent isosurfaces and/or slices can be overlapped with a structural model. Collaboration with external programs enables the user to locate bonds and bond angles in the `graphics area', simulate powder diffraction patterns, and calculate site potentials and Madelung energies. Electron densities determined experimentally are convertible into their Laplacians and electronic energy densities.

3,292 Citations

Journal Article
08 Jul 1966-Physical Review
Abstract: A previously obtained solution of the linearized Gor'kov equations for the upper critical magnetic field ${H}_{c2}$ of a bulk type-II superconductor is extended to include the effects of Pauli spin paramagnetism and spin-orbit impurity scattering. To carry out the calculation, it is necessary to introduce an approximation which assumes that spin-orbit scattering is infrequent in comparison with spin-independent scattering. It is found that spin-orbit scattering counteracts the effects of the spin paramagnetism in limiting the critical field and improves agreement between theory and experiment.

Topics: Spin polarization (64%), Critical field (62%), Scattering (58%) ... read more

2,233 Citations

Journal Article
Fujio Izumi1, Koichi Momma2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A multi-purpose pattern-fitting system, RIETAN-2000, has been extensively utilized to contribute to many structural studies. It offers a sophisticated structure-refinement technique of whole-pattern fitting based on the maximum-entropy method (MEM) in combination with a MEM analysis program PRIMA. We have recently completed a successor system, RIETAN-FP, to RIETAN-2000, adding new features such as standardization of crystal-structure data, an extended March-Dollase preferred-orientation function, and automation of imposing restraints on bond lengths and angles. Further, we have been developing a new three-dimensional visualization system, VESTA, using wxWidgets as a C++ application framework. VESTA excels in visualization, rendering, and manipulation of crystal structures and electron/nuclear densities determined by X-ray/ neutron diffraction and electronic-structure calculations. VESTA also enables us to display wave functions and electrostatic potentials calculated with part of these programs.