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Survival of arabic in difficult terrains

01 Jan 2002-
About: The article was published on 2002-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 14 citations till now.
Citations
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01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, the search for durable interventions within the context of the present objectives of teaching Arabi c in Nigeria, the realities of teaching the subject as a foreign language and the numerous barriers which frustrate the effectiveness of the teaching of the subject in Nigeria as a Foreign Language (AFL).
Abstract: Language learning as a scientific process and a student-centred activity requires a wide range of planned teaching-learning activities. A number of obstacles hinder the effectiveness of teaching and learning Arabic in Nigeria as a Foreign Language (AFL).This paper situates the search for durable interventions within the context of the present objectives of teaching Arabi c in Nigeria, the realities of teaching the subject as a foreign language and the numerous barriers which frustrate the effectiveness of the teaching of the subject in Nigeria. The paper concludes that the haphazardness that characterizes the teaching-learning process has inexorably resulted in the circle of the production of Arabic teachers who lack requisite pedagogical competencies for teaching a foreign language. A number of recommendations are put forward towards ameliorating the situation.

13 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the search for durable interventions within the context of the present objectives of teaching Arabi c in Nigeria, the realities of teaching the subject as a foreign language and the numerous barriers which frustrate the effectiveness of the teaching of the subject in Nigeria as a Foreign Language (AFL).

10 citations

Dissertation
01 Nov 2017
TL;DR: A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED to the School of POST GRADUATE STUDIES, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA in PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF the REQUIREMENTS for the AWARD OF MASTER DEGREE IN EDUCATION (CURRICULUM and INSTRUCTION) is given in this paper.
Abstract: A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF POST GRADUATE STUDIES, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER DEGREE IN EDUCATION (CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION) DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS AND CURRICULUM, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA

5 citations


Cites background from "Survival of arabic in difficult ter..."

  • ...It was contended that success in language learning depends above all on the quality of the model, which the teacher sets for his Students, but some Nigerian teachers are bad models, Abubakar (2008). He is also of the opinion that the presence of various types of untrained teachers ranging from graduates in Arabic without training is still a problem....

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  • ...In addition to the above, Abubakar (2014), contended that the success in language learning depends above all else on the quality of the model which the teacher sets for his...

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a brief history of Arabic in Nigeria, its functions as the language of communication and its subsequent subversion by the European colonialist is traced, with special attention given to the present status of Arabic language in Nigeria and the subsequent implications.
Abstract: Before the advent of the colonialist in Nigeria, Arabic language was used as the official language of communication and of daily intercourse. Historical records also confirmed that for about three centuries between 17th and 19th centuries Arabic documents remained the only source of information for European writers on western and central Sudan. A large number of these scholarly works were written by native West African authors in Arabic language, or in their native languages using Arabic scripts. However, the scramble for West African countries by the Europeans in the 19th century brought about the occupation of the areas by the imperialists. This led to change in socio –cultural life of the people of the regions including the Muslims, which in turn has a spillover effect on the communicative functions of Arabic language. Thus, this paper intends to trace a brief history of Arabic in Nigeria, its functions as the language of communication and its subsequent subversion by the European colonialist. Special attention is giving to the present status of Arabic language in Nigeria and the subsequent implications.

5 citations

References
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01 Jan 1963
TL;DR: A log slasher includes an elongated log receiving bunk and a saw assembly movable longitudinally along the bunk to saw logs supported in the bunk into shortened lengths.
Abstract: A log slasher includes an elongated log receiving bunk and a saw assembly movable longitudinally along the bunk to saw logs supported in the bunk into shortened lengths. The saw is pivotally supported at one end on a traveling trolley for movement with the trolley along the bunk and in a vertical plane toward and away from the bunk. A guide moves with the saw to hold the saw against whip as the saw is moving into, and away from, a cut. A lift crane lifts logs into and out of the bunk and includes clam fingers having opposite angled surfaces adjacent the free ends thereof for engaging logs of different diameter. The trolley drive and that for moving the saw toward and away from the bunk are carried on the trolley and an articulated arm assembly, extendible and contractible in response to trolley movement, supports the power supply conduits in a compact arrangement throughout the range of movement of the trolley and saw.

2,217 citations

MonographDOI
01 Sep 2010
TL;DR: The History of the Yoruba people as mentioned in this paper is a collection of oral and recorded accounts of Yoruba history, describing not only political history but also social customs, language and laws.
Abstract: Samuel Johnson (1846–1901) was an Anglican minister and historian renowned for his magisterial history of the Yoruba people. Born in Freetown in Sierra Leone and educated by the Church Missionary Society, Johnson was sent with his family to Idaban in Nigeria in 1857. He was ordained in 1880 and by 1897 had finished the manuscript for The History of the Yorubas. However the original publisher mysteriously misplaced the manuscript. After Johnson's death his brother, Dr Obadiah Johnson, recompiled the text from Samuel's notes. This volume, first published in 1921, contains that reconstructed edition. This pioneering volume brought together various oral and recorded accounts of Yoruba history, describing not only political history but also social customs, language and laws. Although recent analysis of the text has revealed some inaccuracies, this volume remains the standard reference for the history of the Yoruba people.

266 citations

Book
01 Aug 1992

171 citations

Book
01 Jan 1982

131 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Oct 1959-Language
TL;DR: This paper showed that most modern Arabic dialects descend from an earlier stage of Arabic, called the koine, which was not identical with any of the earlier dialects and differed in many significant respects from Classical Arabic but was used side by side with the Classical language during early centuries of the Muslim era.
Abstract: 0. It has usually been assumed' that the modern Arabic dialects are on the whole lineal descendants of Classical Arabic or of a variety very similar to this.2 Stated differently, this assumption holds that apart from borrowings and innovations the linguistic substance of the modern dialects is a direct continuation of an earlier stage of Arabic substantially identical with the Classical Arabic of the grammarians, with only a few isolated instances in which one or more of the modern dialects seem to preserve archaisms antedating the codification of the Classical language. Until clear contradictory evidence is produced, this assumption will have to stand as the most reasonable working hypothesis. The purpose of the present study is to offer one important refinement to this hypothesis, namely that most modern Arabic dialects descend from the earlier language through a form of Arabic, called here the koine,3 which was not identical with any of the earlier dialects and which differed in many significant respects from Classical Arabic but was used side by side with the Classical language during early centuries of the Muslim era. It is well known that there were great dialect differences in Arabia in preIslamic times, and it is widely accepted4 that the Classical language, the 'Arabi-

88 citations