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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/10643389.2020.1732781

Sustainable building rating systems: A critical review for achieving a common consensus

04 Mar 2021-Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology (Informa UK Limited)-Vol. 51, Iss: 5, pp 512-534
Abstract: Rising detrimental global environmental statistics and measurable effects have caused the sustainable building concept to gain momentum. As a result, many sustainable building rating systems and as...

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU12166524
12 Aug 2020-Sustainability
Abstract: The presented study is focused on the verification of a Building Environmental Assessment System (BEAS). A total of 13 detached family houses representing typical construction sites in Slovakia were chosen for analysis, evaluation and certification by using a BEAS which contains several main fields: A—Site Selection and Project Planning; B—Building Construction; C—Indoor Environment; D—Energy Performance; E—Water Management; and F—Waste Management. The results of this study show that the current construction method for family houses does not respect the criteria of sustainable construction as much as it possibly can. The reason for this is that investment costs for construction are prioritized over environmental and social aspects. Therefore, one house with a score of 1.10 is certified as BEAS BRONZE, ten family houses with scores of 1.56–2.88 are certified as BEAS SILVER and only two family houses with total scores of 3.59 and 3.87, respectively, are certified as BEAS GOLD. The overall results show that the weakest fields of sustainability are Waste management, Energy performance and Building construction. The best-rated fields are Site Selection and Project Planning, Indoor Environment and Water Management. In the future, it is essential to pay attention to those areas where the sustainability criteria have not been reached, as well as to raise project teams’ awareness of sustainability issues and subsequently to transfer them to building practices.

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Topics: Project planning (51%), Sustainability (50%)

5 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S41062-020-00419-3
K C Sajan1, Dipendra Gautam2Institutions (2)
Abstract: This paper reports an extensive review on the development of sustainability practices in structural engineering. Using the systematic review approach, the historical development, application, and advancements of sustainability concepts and practices in structural engineering are presented. Reviews are conducted in terms of structural design, construction materials, and sustainability assessment tools with regard to the triple bottom line aspect of sustainability and multi-hazard resilience. All three factors are summed up, and future avenues are discussed in the paper. The findings highlight that more integrated approaches are needed in the future to assure sustainability practices in structural engineering. Furthermore, it is concluded that the endorsement of sustainability approaches in structural engineering would be a pertinent solution for the changing landscape of structural engineering amidst the multi-hazard challenges.

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Topics: Resilience (network) (57%), Sustainability (57%), Triple bottom line (52%) ... read more

2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU13158463
29 Jul 2021-Sustainability
Abstract: This paper discusses in detail the current level of awareness of the Saudi Arabia stakeholders regarding the use and application of green building rating systems. The paper used a mix of qualitative and quantitative research methods through an exploratory method that utilized an online survey targeting experts and construction stakeholders to fill the gap of previous research papers and support the argument of the increase in the level of the awareness of stakeholders in the use and application of green building rating systems in Saudi Arabia. This research aims to focus on the level of awareness of the Saudi construction market stakeholders on green building rating systems in Saudi Arabia with focus on the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design system LEED and Mostadam. It also investigated which rating system responds to the need of the Saudi construction market with regard to energy conservation and water consumption more effectively. The methodology utilized in this research used a combination of primary and secondary data where the primary data were a survey sent to Saudi construction stakeholders where a total of 1320 respondents participated in the survey. Results from this research showed a promising number of agreements between the participating stakeholders to the level of awareness of green building rating systems in Saudi Arabia and to the willingness to use internationally recognized rating systems such as LEED and the use of locally recognized systems such as Mostadam. Furthermore, the research aims to link the results with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a focus on SDGs 6 and 7. The results show a high level of appreciation and agreement to the importance of energy and water conservation in green buildings that will be using either LEED or Mostadam in Saudi Arabia and accomplish the targets outlined under the SDGs.

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2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1108/SASBE-11-2020-0174
29 Apr 2021-
Abstract: PurposeThere is low adoption rate of existing environmentally sustainable construction frameworks. Contractors have dwindled capability to adapt to environmentally sustainable construction (ESC) towards achievement of SDGs. The aim of this paper is to develop a framework that leverages both theoretical and practical aspects of sustainable construction to enable contractors' adaptation to ESC at the micro level.Design/methodology/approachDue to the social constructivism orientation of the objectives of this research, abductive approach and qualitative research strategy were adopted. Data were obtained through interviews and validation focus group discussion. Content analysis and thematic template analyses techniques were employed to conduct qualitative data analyses.FindingsThere are peculiar ESC barriers that need to be overcome by contractors in the study area. Legislative and financing efforts of stakeholders are key contractors' ESC adaptation drivers. Contractors in less affluent societies, such as Ghana, require high resilience, dense and centralized social network structures and isomorphic and coercive drivers to be able to adapt to ESC.Research limitations/implicationsThe scope of this research is limited to the data gathered from large construction firms in Ghana, a developing country in the sub-Saharan region.Originality/valueThis is one of the first papers that provide guidelines on developing capability of contractors in a developing country to adapt to ESC. The paper addresses the challenge in the ecological modernization theory by adducing empirical evidence to prescribe guidelines on how contractors can increase rate of efficiency through collaborative strategies that engender ESC.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SCS.2021.103521
Ann Francis1, Albert Thomas1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Sustainability is gaining attention, particularly in the building sector, owing to its significant influence on economy, society and environment. However, most assessment methods/frameworks available for this sector focus solely or dominantly on the environmental dimension of sustainability. Hence, a sustainability assessment framework for buildings that accounts for the interdependencies amongst social, economic and environmental aspects is essential. Further, buildings also undergo several time-induced changes in their characteristics, such as changes in electricity consumption, material properties, surrounding infrastructure and energy mix that can influence their sustainability. Therefore, this paper introduces a system dynamics-based methodological framework for Dynamic Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (D-LCSA) capable of incorporating the dynamic changes in the building characteristics with time and capturing the interactions amongst different sustainability indicators. The usability and utility of the framework is demonstrated using a case study residential project in India. The case study results show that ignoring time-dependant dynamic aspects in sustainability assessment of buildings leads to underestimating the overall sustainability impacts by about 50 per cent and specific environmental impacts by about 12 per cent. Therefore, the study reinforces the need to adopt dynamic thinking through modelling and simulation to predict sustainability performance in the built environment.

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Topics: Sustainability (59%), Built environment (55%), Energy mix (50%)
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.RSER.2013.10.021
Jian Zuo1, Zhen-Yu Zhao2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Green building is one of measures been put forward to mitigate significant impacts of the building stock on the environment, society and economy. However, there is lack of a systematic review of this large number of studies that is critical for the future endeavor. The last decades have witnessed rapid growing number of studies on green building. This paper reports a critical review of the existing body of knowledge of researches related to green building. The common research themes and methodology were identified. These common themes are the definition and scope of green building; quantification of benefits of green buildings compared to conventional buildings; and various approaches to achieve green buildings. It is found that the existing studies played predominately focus on the environmental aspect of green building. Other dimensions of sustainability of green building, especially the social sustainability is largely overlooked. Future research opportunities were identified such as effects of climatic conditions on the effectiveness of green building assessment tools, validation of real performance of green buildings, unique demands of specific population, and future proofing.

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Topics: Sustainability (52%), Social sustainability (51%)

613 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1142/S1464333206002517
Robert B. Gibson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Sustainability is an essentially integrative concept. It seems reasonable, then, to design sustainability assessment as an essentially integrative process and framework for decision-making on under...

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412 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1162/REST_A_00291
Abstract: We analyze the economics of green building, finding that recent increases in the supply of green buildings and the volatility in prop- erty markets have not affected the returns to green buildings. We then analyze a large cross-section of office buildings, demonstrating that eco- nomic returns to energy-efficient buildings are substantial. Finally, we relate the economic premiums for green buildings to their relative effi- ciency in energy use—the attributes rated for thermal efficiency, as well as sustainability, contribute to premiums in rents and asset values. Among green buildings, increased energy efficiency is fully capitalized into rents and asset values.

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367 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BUILDENV.2017.07.007
Abstract: Various green rating systems are established globally to evaluate the sustainability of construction projects. Their categories and criteria have been under constant updates to follow the sustainable trend of building development. This paper aims to develop a systematic review of the development of green rating systems. The specific objectives are: 1) discover how interest and research in green rating systems have developed; 2) identify the similarity, difference, strength and weakness of green rating systems; 3) examine whether they fully assess the projects in all aspects of sustainability. Specifically, LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Assessment Method), CASBEE (Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency) and Green Star NZ were analysed in this paper. The results indicate that BREEAM, LEED, and CASBEE have been utilized since late the 2000s while Green Star NZ is still in its earlier stages. 70% of the research papers focusing on BREEAM, LEED, CASBEE are developed geographically in the USA, Canada, the UK, China, and Australia. Although these four rating systems were initiated in different contexts with different standards, Indoor Environment Quality, Energy, and Material are core common categories for all. Environmental concerns are the main focus in New Construction manuals while Society is emphasized in Neighbourhood Development manuals. Currently, BREEAM has been the only tool which could assess all four sustainable factors. Further in-depth research is anticipated to focus more on economic and institutional factors to improve the capability of green rating systems for sustainability assessment purposes .

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Topics: BREEAM (70%), CASBEE (69%), Green star (58%) ... read more

236 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2017.06.206
Abstract: The construction industry has a significant contribution towards numerous adverse environmental impacts. Therefore, green building concept has gained wide recognition. In line with this, numerous international green building rating tools have been developed providing a yardstick for measuring green building performance. These rating tools have different credit criteria for evaluating the green building performance. According to the existing literature, there are many researches comparing different green building rating tools on specific credit criteria such as “Energy”. However, there is a clear lack of research on establishing a baseline to develop new green building rating tools and to evaluate existing green building rating tools. Therefore, this research aims to establish key credit criteria based on an extensive literature study and evaluate these criteria based on widely used eight green building rating tools. The comparison analysis is based on a quantitative measure, namely, a normalised score, which is obtained through allocating credit points of selected green building rating tools to the established key credit criteria. The comparison result is presented with radar diagrams and bar charts. This research established seven key credit criteria for these rating tools which are namely (1) Site, (2) Energy, (3) Water, (4) Indoor Environment Quality (IEQ), (5) Material, (6) Waste and pollution, and (7) Management. It is found that ‘Energy’ criterion is the most widely considered key credit criteria and then followed by ‘IEQ’ and ‘Water’ criteria. Apart from that, credit criteria such as ‘Triple bottom line reporting’, ‘Education and awareness’, ‘Economic aspects relating to various costs’, ‘Sustainable designing and planning’ and ‘Stakeholder relations’ are identified as possible credit criteria which can be included in developing the rating tools in future. These key credit criteria can be adopted as a baseline to develop new green building rating tools, and it provides fruitful results to develop the existing tools further.

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137 Citations


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