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Journal ArticleDOI

Text compression using hybrids of BWT and GBAM.

01 Feb 2003-International Journal of Neural Systems (World Scientific Publishing Company)-Vol. 13, Iss: 1, pp 39-45

TL;DR: A new data and text lossless compression method, based on the combination of BWT1 and GBAM2 approaches, is presented that was tested on many texts in different formats (ASCII and RTF).
Abstract: In this paper we considered a theoretical evaluation of data and text compression algorithm based on the Burrows–Wheeler Transform (BWT) and General Bidirectional Associative Memory (GBAM). A new data and text lossless compression method, based on the combination of BWT1 and GBAM2 approaches, is presented. The algorithm was tested on many texts in different formats (ASCII and RTF). The compression ratio achieved is fairly good, on average 28–36%. Decompression is fast.
Topics: Lossless compression (68%), Data compression (68%), Compression ratio (54%), Bidirectional associative memory (51%)
Citations
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Patent
29 Jan 2015-
Abstract: A data condenser and method provides lossless condensation of numbers, letters, words, phrases, and other indicia to data object values which results in reduction of file size. The data condenser and method classifies data as individual data objects or groups of data objects and distinguishes terms which repeat (e.g. recur). A reference library is optimized according to the quantity of classified data to minimize storage requirements. The classified data is assigned a unique value which populates the reference file. An output file is created by the data condenser using the reference library to achieve optimal lossless condensation. A data reverter and method provides for reversion of condensed data objects such as numbers, letters, words, phrases and other indicia to uncondensed data objects for efficient and accurate use without loss of data objects.

2 citations


References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A model of a system having a large number of simple equivalent components, based on aspects of neurobiology but readily adapted to integrated circuits, produces a content-addressable memory which correctly yields an entire memory from any subpart of sufficient size.
Abstract: Computational properties of use of biological organisms or to the construction of computers can emerge as collective properties of systems having a large number of simple equivalent components (or neurons). The physical meaning of content-addressable memory is described by an appropriate phase space flow of the state of a system. A model of such a system is given, based on aspects of neurobiology but readily adapted to integrated circuits. The collective properties of this model produce a content-addressable memory which correctly yields an entire memory from any subpart of sufficient size. The algorithm for the time evolution of the state of the system is based on asynchronous parallel processing. Additional emergent collective properties include some capacity for generalization, familiarity recognition, categorization, error correction, and time sequence retention. The collective properties are only weakly sensitive to details of the modeling or the failure of individual devices.

15,722 citations


01 Jan 1994-
TL;DR: A block-sorting, lossless data compression algorithm, and the implementation of that algorithm and the performance of the implementation with widely available data compressors running on the same hardware are compared.
Abstract: The charter of SRC is to advance both the state of knowledge and the state of the art in computer systems. From our establishment in 1984, we have performed basic and applied research to support Digital's business objectives. Our current work includes exploring distributed personal computing on multiple platforms, networking , programming technology, system modelling and management techniques, and selected applications. Our strategy is to test the technical and practical value of our ideas by building hardware and software prototypes and using them as daily tools. Interesting systems are too complex to be evaluated solely in the abstract; extended use allows us to investigate their properties in depth. This experience is useful in the short term in refining our designs, and invaluable in the long term in advancing our knowledge. Most of the major advances in information systems have come through this strategy, including personal computing, distributed systems, and the Internet. We also perform complementary work of a more mathematical flavor. Some of it is in established fields of theoretical computer science, such as the analysis of algorithms, computational geometry, and logics of programming. Other work explores new ground motivated by problems that arise in our systems research. We have a strong commitment to communicating our results; exposing and testing our ideas in the research and development communities leads to improved understanding. Our research report series supplements publication in professional journals and conferences. We seek users for our prototype systems among those with whom we have common interests, and we encourage collaboration with university researchers. This work may not be copied or reproduced in whole or in part for any commercial purpose. Permission to copy in whole or in part without payment of fee is granted for nonprofit educational and research purposes provided that all such whole or partial copies include the following: a notice that such copying is by permission an acknowledgment of the authors and individual contributors to the work; and all applicable portions of the copyright notice. Copying, reproducing, or republishing for any other purpose shall require a license with payment of fee to the Systems Research Center. All rights reserved. Authors' abstract We describe a block-sorting, lossless data compression algorithm, and our implementation of that algorithm. We compare the performance of our implementation with widely available data compressors running on the same hardware. The algorithm works by applying a reversible transformation to a block of input …

2,648 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Bart Kosko1Institutions (1)
03 Jan 1988-
TL;DR: The author proves that every n-by-p matrix M is a bidirectionally stable heteroassociative content-addressable memory for both binary/bipolar and continuous neurons.
Abstract: Stability and encoding properties of two-layer nonlinear feedback neural networks are examined. Bidirectionality is introduced in neural nets to produce two-way associative search for stored associations. The bidirectional associative memory (BAM) is the minimal two-layer nonlinear feedback network. The author proves that every n-by-p matrix M is a bidirectionally stable heteroassociative content-addressable memory for both binary/bipolar and continuous neurons. When the BAM neutrons are activated, the network quickly evolves to a stable state of two-pattern reverberation, or resonance. The stable reverberation corresponds to a system energy local minimum. Heteroassociative information is encoded in a BAM by summing correlation matrices. The BAM storage capacity for reliable recall is roughly m

1,863 citations


Book
01 Feb 1990-

1,148 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Bart Kosko1Institutions (1)
01 Dec 1987-Applied Optics
TL;DR: The BAM correlation encoding scheme is extended to a general Hebbian learning law and every BAM adaptively resonates in the sense that all nodes and edges quickly equilibrate in a system energy local minimum.
Abstract: Bidirectionality, forward and backward information flow, is introduced in neural networks to produce two-way associative search for stored stimulus-response associations (A(i),B(i)). Two fields of neurons, F(A) and F(B), are connected by an n x p synaptic marix M. Passing information through M gives one direction, passing information through its transpose M(T) gives the other. Every matrix is bidirectionally stable for bivalent and for continuous neurons. Paired data (A(i),B(i)) are encoded in M by summing bipolar correlation matrices. The bidirectional associative memory (BAM) behaves as a two-layer hierarchy of symmetrically connected neurons. When the neurons in F(A) and F(B) are activated, the network quickly evolves to a stable state of twopattern reverberation, or pseudoadaptive resonance, for every connection topology M. The stable reverberation corresponds to a system energy local minimum. An adaptive BAM allows M to rapidly learn associations without supervision. Stable short-term memory reverberations across F(A) and F(B) gradually seep pattern information into the long-term memory connections M, allowing input associations (A(i),B(i)) to dig their own energy wells in the network state space. The BAM correlation encoding scheme is extended to a general Hebbian learning law. Then every BAM adaptively resonates in the sense that all nodes and edges quickly equilibrate in a system energy local minimum. A sampling adaptive BAM results when many more training samples are presented than there are neurons in F(B) and F(B), but presented for brief pulses of learning, not allowing learning to fully or nearly converge. Learning tends to improve with sample size. Sampling adaptive BAMs can learn some simple continuous mappings and can rapidly abstract bivalent associations from several noisy gray-scale samples.

1,013 citations


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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20151