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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/01596306.2019.1613959

The affective dimension of far right rhetoric in the classroom: the promise of agonistic emotions and affects in countering extremism

04 Mar 2021-Discourse: Studies in The Cultural Politics of Education (Routledge)-Vol. 42, Iss: 2, pp 267-281
Abstract: This essay draws on the concept of agonistic emotions and affects to think with some of the arguments of Chantal Mouffe’s political theory and discusses what this means pedagogically in handling fa...

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Topics: Agonism (58%)
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12 results found


Open access
01 Jan 2010-

411 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S11217-019-09691-Y
Abstract: This paper argues that it is important for educators in democratic education to understand how the rise of right-wing populism in Europe, the United States and around the world can never be viewed apart from the affective investments of populist leaders and their supporters to essentialist ideological visions of nationalism, racism, sexism and xenophobia. Democratic education can provide the space for educators and students to think critically and productively about people’s affects, in order to identify the implications of different affective modes through which right-wing populism is articulated. Furthermore, this paper points out that ‘negative’ critique of the affective ideology of right-wing populism is not sufficient for developing a productive counter politics. An affirmative critique is also needed to set alternative frames and agendas which endorse and disseminate alternative concepts and affective practices such as equality, love and solidarity. These ideas provide critical resources to democratic education for developing a culture and process of democracy that transcends the negativity of mere critique of either right-wing populisms or inadequate forms of democracy.

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Topics: Democratic education (59%), Populism (54%), Philosophy of education (52%) ... show more

9 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/00071005.2019.1711018
Michalinos Zembylas1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This article shows how theorising the entanglement of securitisation and education can be enhanced by attending to the power of affect and emotion. The author proposes a methodological and theoreti...

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Topics: Affect (psychology) (53%), Education theory (52%)

7 Citations


Book ChapterDOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-76299-5_2
Edda Sant1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2021-
Abstract: This chapter is centred on examining assumptions underpinning political education practices in democratic countries. Particularly, the chapter maps out prevalent discourses of democracy (i.e. neoliberalism, liberalism, deliberativist democracy, critical theory, participatory democracy, radical democracy and decolonial theory) and the influence these discourses have had on political education. The chapter classifies these discursive alternatives within three distinctive understandings of democracy and education (i.e. pragmatic democracy and narrow education; aspirational democracy and strong education; and open democracy and weak education). It is argued that modern accounts of democracy dominate political education practice through “strong” forms of education. These accounts assume that the pursuit of knowledge, democratic values and freedom are mutually dependent.

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Topics: Democratic education (71%), Deliberative democracy (68%), Democracy (66%) ... show more

3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/00220272.2020.1810780
Michalinos Zembylas1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This essay demonstrates how Deleuze and Guattari’s notion of ‘microfascism’ is of crucial importance to understanding the complexities of contemporary pedagogical efforts to combat populism, right-...

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Topics: Deleuze and Guattari (64%), Biopower (54%)

3 Citations


References
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62 results found


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2004-
Abstract: This is a bold take on the crucial role of emotion in politics Emotions work to define who we are as well as shape what we do and this is no more powerfully at play than in the world of politics Ahmed considers how emotions keep us invested in relationships of power, and also shows how this use of emotion could be crucial to feminist and queer political movements Debates on international terrorism, asylum and migration, as well as reconciliation and reparation are explored through topical case studies In this textbook the difficult issues are confronted head on New for this edition: a substantial 15,000-word Afterword on 'Emotions and Their Objects' which provides an original contribution to the burgeoning field of affect studies; a revised Bibliography; and updated throughout

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Topics: Queer (52%), Affect theory (50%)

4,580 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2002-
Abstract: Although the body has been the focus of much contemporary cultural theory, the models that are typically applied neglect the most salient characteristics of embodied existence—movement, affect, and sensation—in favor of concepts derived from linguistic theory. In Parables for the Virtual Brian Massumi views the body and media such as television, film, and the Internet, as cultural formations that operate on multiple registers of sensation beyond the reach of the reading techniques founded on the standard rhetorical and semiotic models. Renewing and assessing William James’s radical empiricism and Henri Bergson’s philosophy of perception through the filter of the post-war French philosophy of Deleuze, Guattari, and Foucault, Massumi links a cultural logic of variation to questions of movement, affect, and sensation. If such concepts are as fundamental as signs and significations, he argues, then a new set of theoretical issues appear, and with them potential new paths for the wedding of scientific and cultural theory. Replacing the traditional opposition of literal and figural with new distinctions between stasis and motion and between actual and virtual, Parables for the Virtual tackles related theoretical issues by applying them to cultural mediums as diverse as architecture, body art, the digital art of Stelarc, and Ronald Reagan’s acting career. The result is an intriguing combination of cultural theory, science, and philosophy that asserts itself in a crystalline and multi-faceted argument. Parables for the Virtual will interest students and scholars of continental and Anglo-American philosophy, cultural studies, cognitive science, electronic art, digital culture, and chaos theory, as well as those concerned with the “science wars” and the relation between the humanities and the sciences in general.

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Topics: Digital art (54%), Non-representational theory (54%), Science wars (53%) ... show more

3,067 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2000-
Abstract: From the theory of 'deliberative democracy' to the politics of the 'third way', the present Zeitgeist is characterized by attempts to deny what Chantal Mouffe contends is the inherently conflictual nature of democratic politics Far from being signs of progress, such ideas constitute a serious threat to democratic institutions Taking issue with John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas on one side, and the political tenets of Blair, Clinton and Schroeder on the other, Mouffe brings to the fore the paradoxical nature of modern liberal democracy in which the category of the 'adversary' plays a central role She draws on the work of Wittgenstein, Derrida, and the provocative theses of Carl Schmitt, to propose a new understanding of democracy which acknowledges the ineradicability of antagonism in its workings

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Topics: Deliberative democracy (59%), Agonism (57%), Liberal democracy (56%) ... show more

2,670 Citations


Open accessBook
Chantal Mouffe1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2005-
Abstract: Since September 11th, we frequently hear that political differences should be put aside: the real struggle is between good and evil. What does this mean for political and social life? Is there a 'Third Way' beyond left and right, and if so, should we fear or welcome it? This thought-provoking book by Chantal Mouffe, a globally recognized political author, presents a timely account of the current state of democracy, affording readers the most relevant and up-to-date information. Arguing that liberal 'third way thinking' ignores fundamental, conflicting aspects of human nature, Mouffe states that, far from expanding democracy, globalization is undermining the combative and radical heart of democratic life. Going back first to Aristotle, she identifies the historical origins of the political and reflects on the Enlightenment, and the social contract, arguing that in spite of its good intentions, it levelled the radical core of political life. Contemporary examples, including the Iraq war, racism and the rise of the far right, are used to illustrate and support her theory that far from combating extremism, the quest for consensus politics undermines the ability to challenge it. These case studies are also highly effective points of reference for student revision. On the Political is a stimulating argument about the future of politics and addresses the most fundamental aspects of democracy that will aid further study.

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Topics: Politics (58%), Democracy (57%), Post-politics (56%) ... show more

2,475 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2005-
Abstract: In this new and highly original work Ernesto Laclau continues the philosophical and political exploration initiated in Hegemony and Socialist Strategy, New Reflections on the Revolution of Our Time and Emancipation(s). his topic here is the construction of popular identities, conceived in a wide sense covering the ensemble of strategies making possible the emergence of the 'people' as a collective actor. The book skilfully combines theoretical analysis with a myriad of empirical references from numerous historical and geographical contexts. The first part presents a critical reading of the existing literature on populism, demonstrating its dependency on the basic categories elaborated by theorists of 'mass psychology', from Taine and Le Bon to Tarde, McDougall and Freud. The second part forms the main theoretical core of the work, where the question of the emergence of the 'people' as a political and social force is treated. Several categories already present in Laclau's work - such as empty and floating signifiers, hegemony and heterogeneity - are developed here in new and innovative directions. In particular, the relation of populism to democracy and to the logic of representation is given special emphasis. The third part is devoted to particular case studies of both the conditions leading to the emergence of the 'people' and the obstacles preventing its formation. Finally, in a concluding chapter, Laclau locates the question of popular identities within the context of a globalized world and differentiates his approach from those of other theoreticians such as Zizek, Hardt and Negri and Ranciere. This book is essential reading for all those interested in the question of political identities in present-day societies.

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Topics: Floating signifier (54%), Populism (52%), Emancipation (52%) ... show more

2,279 Citations


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