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The Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces and Heterogeneous Catalysis

About: The article was published on 1981-07-01 and is currently open access. It has received 1372 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Heterogeneous catalysis & Surface science.
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TL;DR: A review of the most recent ARPES results on the cuprate superconductors and their insulating parent and sister compounds is presented in this article, with the purpose of providing an updated summary of the extensive literature.
Abstract: The last decade witnessed significant progress in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and its applications. Today, ARPES experiments with 2-meV energy resolution and $0.2\ifmmode^\circ\else\textdegree\fi{}$ angular resolution are a reality even for photoemission on solids. These technological advances and the improved sample quality have enabled ARPES to emerge as a leading tool in the investigation of the high-${T}_{c}$ superconductors. This paper reviews the most recent ARPES results on the cuprate superconductors and their insulating parent and sister compounds, with the purpose of providing an updated summary of the extensive literature. The low-energy excitations are discussed with emphasis on some of the most relevant issues, such as the Fermi surface and remnant Fermi surface, the superconducting gap, the pseudogap and $d$-wave-like dispersion, evidence of electronic inhomogeneity and nanoscale phase separation, the emergence of coherent quasiparticles through the superconducting transition, and many-body effects in the one-particle spectral function due to the interaction of the charge with magnetic and/or lattice degrees of freedom. Given the dynamic nature of the field, we chose to focus mainly on reviewing the experimental data, as on the experimental side a general consensus has been reached, whereas interpretations and related theoretical models can vary significantly. The first part of the paper introduces photoemission spectroscopy in the context of strongly interacting systems, along with an update on the state-of-the-art instrumentation. The second part provides an overview of the scientific issues relevant to the investigation of the low-energy electronic structure by ARPES. The rest of the paper is devoted to the experimental results from the cuprates, and the discussion is organized along conceptual lines: normal-state electronic structure, interlayer interaction, superconducting gap, coherent superconducting peak, pseudogap, electron self-energy, and collective modes. Within each topic, ARPES data from the various copper oxides are presented.

3,077 citations


Cites background from "The Chemical Physics of Solid Surfa..."

  • ...…(1978); Mahan (1978); Wertheim (1978); Ley and Cardona (1979); Nemoshkalenko and Aleshin (1979); Lindau and Spicer (1980); Williams et al. (1980); Inglesfield and Holland (1981); Wendin (1981); Leckey (1982); Plummer and Eberhardt (1982); Himpsel (1983); Margaritondo and Weaver (1983); Smith and…...

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Book
01 Jan 2007
TL;DR: In this article, experimental methods for measuring BDEs are presented for measuring C-H bonds, C-C bonds, and C -C-C-H-C Bonds.
Abstract: Introduction Experimental methods for measuring BDEs BDEs of C-H Bonds BDEs of C-C Bonds BDEs of C-halogen bonds BDEs of O-X bonds BDEs of N-X bonds BDEs of S-, Se-, Te-, and Po-X bonds BDEs of Si-, Ge-, Sn-, and Pb-X bonds BDEs of P-, As-, Sb-, and Bi-X bonds BDEs of H(H+/-)-, Li(Li+/-)-, Na(Na+/-)-, K(K+/-)-, Rb(Rb+/-)-, and Cs(Cs+/-)-X bonds BDEs of Be(Be+)-, Mg(Mg+)-, Ca(Ca+)-, Sr(Sr+)-, Ba(Ba+)-, and Ra-X bonds BDEs of Sc(Sc+)-, Y(Y+)-, La(La+)-, and Ac(Ac+)-X bonds BDEs of Ti(Ti+/-)-, Zr(Zr+)-, and Hf(Hf+)-X bonds BDEs of V(V+/-)-, Nb(Nb+)-, and Ta(Ta+)-X bonds BDEs of Cr(Cr+/-)-, Mo(Mo+/-)-, and W(W+/-)-X bonds BDEs of Mn(Mn+/-)-, Tc-, and Re(Re+)-X bonds BDEs of Fe(Fe+/-)-, Ru(Ru+)-, and Os(Os+)-X bonds BDEs of Co(Co+/-)-, Rh(Rh+)-, and Ir(Ir+)-X bonds BDEs of Ni(Ni+/-)-, Pd(Pd+/-)-, and Pt(Pt+/-)-X bonds BDEs of Cu(Cu+/-)-, Ag(Ag+/-)-, and Au(Au+/-)-X bonds BDEs of Zn(Zn+)-, Cd(Cd+)-, and Hg(Hg+)-X bonds BDEs of B(B+/-)-, Al(Al+/-)-, Ga(Ga+/-)-, In(In+/-)-, and Tl(Tl+/-)-X Bonds BDEs in the C-, Si-, Ge-, Sn-, Pb-clusters and complexes BDEs in the N-, P-, As-, Sb-, Bi-clusters and complexes BDEs in the O-, S-, -Se, and Te-clusters and complexes BDEs in the halogenated molecules, clusters, and complexes BDEs in rare gas atom/ion clusters Heats of formation of atoms, radicals, and ions References (1946 through 2006) Index of compound classes Index of compound names

2,335 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the structure, the electronic properties and the reactivity of supported model catalysts have been studied, in situ, by a large number of surface science techniques, and the possibility to study in situ and at the atomic level simple chemical reactions on supported catalysts.

1,354 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An extensive ab initio database of CO chemisorption energies calculated within density functional theory (DFT) using the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) is presented and it is demonstrated that the trends can be understood using a simple two-level model describing the coupling of the CO 5s and 2p p states to the metal d va.
Abstract: A database of ab initio calculations of the chemisorption energy of CO over Ni(111), Cu(111), Ru(0001), Pd(111), Ag(111), Pt(111), Au(111), $\mathrm{Cu}{}_{3}$Pt(111), and some metallic overlayer structures is presented. The trends can be reproduced with a simple model describing the interaction between the metal $d$ states and the CO $2{\ensuremath{\pi}}^{*}$ and 5 $\ensuremath{\sigma}$ states, renormalized by the metal $\mathrm{sp}$ continuum. Our model rationalizes the results by Rodriguez and Goodman [Science 257, 897 (1992)] showing a strong correlation between the CO chemisorption energy and the surface core level shift.

1,248 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
20 Mar 1998-Science
TL;DR: Insight into the structure of surface alloys combined with an understanding of the relation between the surface composition and reactivity is shown to lead directly to new ideas for catalyst design.
Abstract: Detailed studies of elementary chemical processes on well-characterized single crystal surfaces have contributed substantially to the understanding of heterogeneous catalysis. Insight into the structure of surface alloys combined with an understanding of the relation between the surface composition and reactivity is shown to lead directly to new ideas for catalyst design. The feasibility of such an approach is illustrated by the synthesis, characterization, and tests of a high-surface area gold-nickel catalyst for steam reforming.

933 citations