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Proceedings ArticleDOI: 10.1145/2905055.2905300

The Effect of Internet Usage on the Psychological States of Adolescents and Young Adults

04 Mar 2016-pp 88
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of internet addiction and the impact of internet usage on the level of anxiety among the male and female students. The preliminary study compares the perceptions of 84 randomly selected males and females students from India and Namibia based on closed-ended questions about internet usage and anxiety. The Young Internet Addiction Test (YIAT) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used as assessment tools for data collection. In this study the data was analyzed using mean, standard deviation, t-test and correlation analysis. Results showed that both parameters are significant and positively correlated means increasing the addiction increase the anxiety and the trend were same in male and female.

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Topics: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (61%), Anxiety (59%), Addiction (55%) ...read more
References
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1600-0447.1983.TB09716.X
Abstract: A self-assessment scale has been developed and found to be a reliable instrument for detecting states of depression and anxiety in the setting of an hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depressive subscales are also valid measures of severity of the emotional disorder. It is suggested that the introduction of the scales into general hospital practice would facilitate the large task of detection and management of emotional disorder in patients under investigation and treatment in medical and surgical departments.

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31,600 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/DA.10094
Abstract: Since the mid-1990s, there have been frequent reports of individuals whose use of the computer and internet is problematic. Given the recent expansion and the expected increase in internet availability and usage in the coming years, it is important that healthcare professionals be informed about this behavior and its associated problems. Recently, psychological and psychiatric literature has described individuals that exhibit problematic internet use who often suffer from other psychiatric disorders. In the face of this comorbidity, it is essential to evaluate whether these individuals represent a distinct class of disorder, or a manifestation/coping mechanism related to other underlying diagnosis. In either event, problematic internet use negatively impacts social and emotional functioning. Based on the current limited empirical evidence, problematic internet use may best be classified as an impulse control disorder. It is therefore imperative that problematic internet use be appropriately identified among symptomatic individuals. For these reasons, we propose specific diagnostic criteria that will allow for consistent identification and assist in further study of this behavior.

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622 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1746-1561.2007.00279.X
Abstract: Background: The aims of this study were to identify the independent factors associated with intermittent addiction and addiction to the Internet and to examine the psychiatric symptoms in Korean adolescents when the demographic and Internet-related factors were controlled. Methods: Male and female students (N = 912) in the 7th-12th grades were recruited from 2 junior high schools and 2 academic senior high schools located in Seoul, South Korea. Data were collected from November to December 2004 using the Internet-Related Addiction Scale and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision. A total of 851 subjects were analyzed after excluding the subjects who provided incomplete data. Results: Approximately 30% (n = 258) and 4.3% (n = 37) of subjects showed intermittent Internet addiction and Internet addiction, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that junior high school students and students having a longer period of Internet use were significantly associated with intermittent addiction. In addition, male gender, chatting, and longer Internet use per day were significantly associated with Internet addiction. When the demographic and Internet-related factors were controlled, obsessive-compulsive and depressive symptoms were found to be independently associated factors for intermittent addiction and addiction to the Internet, respectively. Conclusions: Staff working in junior or senior high schools should pay closer attention to those students who have the risk factors for intermittent addiction and addiction to the Internet. Early preventive intervention programs are needed that consider the individual severity level of Internet addiction.

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290 Citations


Open accessJournal Article
Aviv Weinstein1, Dikla Dorani1, Rotem Elhadif1, Yehely Bukovza1  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: BACKGROUND Problematic Internet use or excessive Internet use is characterized by excessive or poorly controlled preoccupations, urges, or behaviors regarding computer use, and Internet access that leads to impairment or distress Cross-sectional studies on samples of patients reported high comorbidity of Internet addiction with psychiatric disorders, especially affective disorders (including depression), anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder METHODS We have investigated the association between Internet addiction and social anxiety in 2 samples of 120 university students (60 males and 60 females in each sample) RESULTS We found a correlation between Internet addiction and social anxiety in the 2 samples (r=0411, P<001; r=0342, P<01) respectively Secondly, we found no difference between males and females on the level of Internet addiction Thirdly, we did not find a preference for social networks among participants with high levels of social anxiety CONCLUSIONS The results of the study support previous evidence for co-occurrence of Internet addiction and social anxiety, but further studies need to clarify this association

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Topics: Social anxiety (70%), Anxiety (68%), Generalized anxiety disorder (63%) ...read more

114 Citations


Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Internet addiction disorder is an interdisciplinary phenomenon and it has been studied from different viewpoints in terms of v arious sciences such as medicine, computer, sociology, law, ethics, and psychology. The aim of this study was to determine the association of psychiatric symptoms with Internet addiction while controlling for the effects of age, gender, marital status, and educational levels. It is hypothesized, that high levels of Internet addiction are associated with psychiatric symptoms and are specially correlated with obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a total number of 250 students from Isfahan’s universities were randomly selected. Subjects complet ed the demographic questionnaire, the Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R). Data was analyzed using the multiple logistic regression method. RESULTS: There was an association between psychiatric symptoms such as somatization, sensitivity, depression, anxiety, aggression, phobias , and psychosis with exception of paranoia; and diagnosis of Internet addiction controlling for age, sex, education level, marital status, and type of universities. CONCLUSIONS: A great percentage of youths in the population suffer from the adverse effects of Internet addiction. It is necessary for psychiatri sts and psychologists to be aware of the mental problems caused by Internet addiction.

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Topics: Internet addiction disorder (65%), Addiction medicine (62%), Somatization (58%) ...read more

99 Citations