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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/MNRAS/STAB243

The galaxy–halo connection of emission-line galaxies in IllustrisTNG

02 Mar 2021-Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Oxford Academic)-Vol. 502, Iss: 3, pp 3599-3617
Abstract: We employ the hydrodynamical simulation IllustrisTNG-300-1 to explore the halo occupation distribution (HOD) and environmental dependence of luminous star-forming emission-line galaxies (ELGs) at $z \sim 1$. Such galaxies are key targets for current and upcoming cosmological surveys. We select model galaxies through cuts in colour-colour space allowing for a direct comparison with the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey and the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) surveys and then compare them with galaxies selected based on specific star-formation rate (sSFR) and stellar mass. We demonstrate that the ELG populations are twice more likely to reside in lower-density regions (sheets) compared with the mass-selected populations and twice less likely to occupy the densest regions of the cosmic web (knots). We also show that the colour-selected and sSFR-selected ELGs exhibit very similar occupation and clustering statistics, finding that the agreement is best for lower redshifts. In contrast with the mass-selected sample, the occupation of haloes by a central ELG peaks at $\sim$20\%. We furthermore explore the dependence of the HOD and the auto-correlation on environment, noticing that at fixed halo mass, galaxies in high-density regions cluster about 10 times more strongly than low-density ones. This result suggests that we should model carefully the galaxy-halo relation and implement assembly bias effects into our models (estimated at $\sim$4\% of the clustering of the DESI colour-selected sample at $z = 0.8$). Finally, we apply a simple mock recipe to recover the clustering on large scales ($r \gtrsim 1 \ {\rm Mpc}/h$) to within 1\% by augmenting the HOD model with an environment dependence, demonstrating the power of adopting flexible population models.

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Topics: Halo occupation distribution (63%), Galaxy (53%), Halo (50%) ... show more
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17 results found


Open access
01 Jan 2019-
Abstract: Author(s): Huang, L; Dey, A; Schlegel, DJ; Lang, D; Blum, R; Burleigh, K; Fan, X; Findlay, JR; Finkbeiner, D; Herrera, D; Juneau, S; Landriau, M; Levi, M; McGreer, I; Meisner, A; Myers, AD; Moustakas, J; Nugent, P; Patej, A; Schlafly, EF; Walker, AR; Valdes, F; Weaver, BA; Yeche, C; Zou, H; Zhou, X; Abareshi, B; Abbott, TMC; Abolfathi, B; Aguilera, C; Alam, S; Allen, L; Alvarez, A; Annis, J; Ansarinejad, B; Aubert, M; Beechert, J; Bell, EF; Benzvi, SY; Beutler, F; Bielby, RM; Bolton, AS; Briceno, C; Buckley-Geer, EJ; Butler, K; Calamida, A; Carlberg, RG; Carter, P; Casas, R; Castander, FJ; Choi, Y; Comparat, J; Cukanovaite, E; Delubac, T; Devries, K; Dey, S; Dhungana, G; Dickinson, M; Ding, Z; Donaldson, JB; Duan, Y; Duckworth, CJ; Eftekharzadeh, S; Eisenstein, DJ; Etourneau, T; Fagrelius, PA; Farihi, J; Fitzpatrick, M; Font-Ribera, A; Fulmer, L; Gansicke, BT; Gaztanaga, E; George, K; Gerdes, DW; A Gontcho, SG; Gorgoni, C; Green, G; Guy, J; Harmer, D; Hernandez, M; Honscheid, K; Huang, LW; James, DJ; Jannuzi, BT; Jiang, L | Abstract: © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.. The DESI Legacy Imaging Surveys (http://legacysurvey.org/) are a combination of three public projects (the Dark Energy Camera Legacy Survey, the Beijing-Arizona Sky Survey, and the Mayall z-band Legacy Survey) that will jointly image ≈14,000 deg2 of the extragalactic sky visible from the northern hemisphere in three optical bands (g, r, and z) using telescopes at the Kitt Peak National Observatory and the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The combined survey footprint is split into two contiguous areas by the Galactic plane. The optical imaging is conducted using a unique strategy of dynamically adjusting the exposure times and pointing selection during observing that results in a survey of nearly uniform depth. In addition to calibrated images, the project is delivering a catalog, constructed by using a probabilistic inference-based approach to estimate source shapes and brightnesses. The catalog includes photometry from the grz optical bands and from four mid-infrared bands (at 3.4, 4.6, 12, and 22 μm) observed by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer satellite during its full operational lifetime. The project plans two public data releases each year. All the software used to generate the catalogs is also released with the data. This paper provides an overview of the Legacy Surveys project.

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193 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2021/05/059
Abstract: We develop an analytical forward model based on perturbation theory to predict the redshift-space galaxy overdensity at the field level given a realization of the initial conditions. We find that the residual noise between the model and simulated galaxy density has a power spectrum that is white on large scales, with size comparable to the shot noise. In the mildly nonlinear regime, we see a $k^2\mu^2$ correction to the noise power spectrum, corresponding to larger noise along the line of sight and on smaller scales. The parametric form of this correction has been predicted on theoretical grounds before, and our simulations provide important confirmation of its presence. We have also modeled the galaxy velocity at the field-level and compared it against simulated galaxy velocities, finding that about $10\%$ of the galaxies are responsible for half of the rms velocity residual for our simulated galaxy sample.

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Topics: Galaxy (60%), Shot noise (56%), Noise (radio) (55%) ... show more

9 Citations


Open access
01 Jan 2007-
Abstract: We use the Millennium Simulation to measure the cross-correlation between halo centres and mass (or equivalently the average density profiles of dark haloes) in aCDM cosmology. We present results for radii in the range 10 h −1 kpc < r < 30 h −1 Mpc for halo masses in the range 4 × 10 10 h −1 M⊙ < M200 < 4×10 14 h −1 M⊙. Both at z = 0 and at z = 0.76 these cross-correlations are surprisingly well fit by approximating the inner region by a density profile of NFW or Einasto form, the outer region by a biased version of the lin- ear mass autocorrelation function, and by adopting the maximum of the two where they are comparable. We use a simulation of the formation of galaxies within the Millennium Simulation to explore how these results are reflected in cross-correlations between galaxies and mass. These are directly observ- able through galaxy-galaxy lensing. Here also we find that simple models can represent the simulation results remarkably well, typically to � 10%. Such models can be used to extend our results to other redshifts, to cosmologies with other parameters, and to other assumptions about how galaxies populate dark haloes. The characteristic features predicted in the galaxy-galaxy lensing signal should provide a strong test of theCDM cosmology as well as a route to understanding how galaxies form within it.

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Topics: Galaxy formation and evolution (57%), Galaxy (54%), Halo (54%)

9 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2021/05/059
Abstract: We develop an analytical forward model based on perturbation theory to predict the redshift-space galaxy overdensity at the field level given a realization of the initial conditions. We find that the residual noise between the model and simulated galaxy density has a power spectrum that is white on large scales, with size comparable to the shot noise. In the mildly nonlinear regime, we see a $k^2\mu^2$ correction to the noise power spectrum, corresponding to larger noise along the line of sight and on smaller scales. The parametric form of this correction has been predicted on theoretical grounds before, and our simulations provide important confirmation of its presence. We have also modeled the galaxy velocity at the field-level and compared it against simulated galaxy velocities, finding that about $10\%$ of the galaxies are responsible for half of the rms velocity residual for our simulated galaxy sample.

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Topics: Galaxy (60%), Shot noise (56%), Noise (radio) (55%) ... show more

7 Citations


Open accessPosted Content
31 Jan 2007-
Abstract: We analyze star formation (SF) as a function of stellar mass (M*) and redshift z in the All Wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS). For 2905 field galaxies, complete to 10^10(10^10.8) Msun at z 1, while the MS as a whole moves to higher SFR as z increases. The range of SFR along the MS constrains the amplitude of episodic variations of SF, and the effect of mergers on SFR. Typical galaxies spend ~67(95)% of their lifetime since z=1 within a factor of <~ 2(4) of their average SFR at a given M* and z. The dominant mode of the evolution of SF since z~1 is apparently a gradual decline of the average SFR in most individual galaxies, not a decreasing frequency of starburst episodes, or a decreasing factor by which SFR are enhanced in starbursts. LIRGs at z~1 seem to mostly reflect the high SFR typical for massive galaxies at that epoch. The smooth MS may reflect that the same set of few physical processes governs star formation prior to additional quenching processes. A gradual process like gas exhaustion may play a dominant role.

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Topics: Star formation (53%), Stellar mass (51%)

7 Citations


References
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138 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201525830
Peter A. R. Ade1, Nabila Aghanim2, Monique Arnaud3, M. Ashdown4  +334 moreInstitutions (82)
Abstract: This paper presents cosmological results based on full-mission Planck observations of temperature and polarization anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Our results are in very good agreement with the 2013 analysis of the Planck nominal-mission temperature data, but with increased precision. The temperature and polarization power spectra are consistent with the standard spatially-flat 6-parameter ΛCDM cosmology with a power-law spectrum of adiabatic scalar perturbations (denoted “base ΛCDM” in this paper). From the Planck temperature data combined with Planck lensing, for this cosmology we find a Hubble constant, H0 = (67.8 ± 0.9) km s-1Mpc-1, a matter density parameter Ωm = 0.308 ± 0.012, and a tilted scalar spectral index with ns = 0.968 ± 0.006, consistent with the 2013 analysis. Note that in this abstract we quote 68% confidence limits on measured parameters and 95% upper limits on other parameters. We present the first results of polarization measurements with the Low Frequency Instrument at large angular scales. Combined with the Planck temperature and lensing data, these measurements give a reionization optical depth of τ = 0.066 ± 0.016, corresponding to a reionization redshift of . These results are consistent with those from WMAP polarization measurements cleaned for dust emission using 353-GHz polarization maps from the High Frequency Instrument. We find no evidence for any departure from base ΛCDM in the neutrino sector of the theory; for example, combining Planck observations with other astrophysical data we find Neff = 3.15 ± 0.23 for the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom, consistent with the value Neff = 3.046 of the Standard Model of particle physics. The sum of neutrino masses is constrained to ∑ mν < 0.23 eV. The spatial curvature of our Universe is found to be very close to zero, with | ΩK | < 0.005. Adding a tensor component as a single-parameter extension to base ΛCDM we find an upper limit on the tensor-to-scalar ratio of r0.002< 0.11, consistent with the Planck 2013 results and consistent with the B-mode polarization constraints from a joint analysis of BICEP2, Keck Array, and Planck (BKP) data. Adding the BKP B-mode data to our analysis leads to a tighter constraint of r0.002 < 0.09 and disfavours inflationarymodels with a V(φ) ∝ φ2 potential. The addition of Planck polarization data leads to strong constraints on deviations from a purely adiabatic spectrum of fluctuations. We find no evidence for any contribution from isocurvature perturbations or from cosmic defects. Combining Planck data with other astrophysical data, including Type Ia supernovae, the equation of state of dark energy is constrained to w = −1.006 ± 0.045, consistent with the expected value for a cosmological constant. The standard big bang nucleosynthesis predictions for the helium and deuterium abundances for the best-fit Planck base ΛCDM cosmology are in excellent agreement with observations. We also constraints on annihilating dark matter and on possible deviations from the standard recombination history. In neither case do we find no evidence for new physics. The Planck results for base ΛCDM are in good agreement with baryon acoustic oscillation data and with the JLA sample of Type Ia supernovae. However, as in the 2013 analysis, the amplitude of the fluctuation spectrum is found to be higher than inferred from some analyses of rich cluster counts and weak gravitational lensing. We show that these tensions cannot easily be resolved with simple modifications of the base ΛCDM cosmology. Apart from these tensions, the base ΛCDM cosmology provides an excellent description of the Planck CMB observations and many other astrophysical data sets.

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Topics: Planck energy (70%), Planck particle (68%), Planck temperature (68%) ... show more

10,334 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201525830
Abstract: We present results based on full-mission Planck observations of temperature and polarization anisotropies of the CMB. These data are consistent with the six-parameter inflationary LCDM cosmology. From the Planck temperature and lensing data, for this cosmology we find a Hubble constant, H0= (67.8 +/- 0.9) km/s/Mpc, a matter density parameter Omega_m = 0.308 +/- 0.012 and a scalar spectral index with n_s = 0.968 +/- 0.006. (We quote 68% errors on measured parameters and 95% limits on other parameters.) Combined with Planck temperature and lensing data, Planck LFI polarization measurements lead to a reionization optical depth of tau = 0.066 +/- 0.016. Combining Planck with other astrophysical data we find N_ eff = 3.15 +/- 0.23 for the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom and the sum of neutrino masses is constrained to < 0.23 eV. Spatial curvature is found to be |Omega_K| < 0.005. For LCDM we find a limit on the tensor-to-scalar ratio of r <0.11 consistent with the B-mode constraints from an analysis of BICEP2, Keck Array, and Planck (BKP) data. Adding the BKP data leads to a tighter constraint of r < 0.09. We find no evidence for isocurvature perturbations or cosmic defects. The equation of state of dark energy is constrained to w = -1.006 +/- 0.045. Standard big bang nucleosynthesis predictions for the Planck LCDM cosmology are in excellent agreement with observations. We investigate annihilating dark matter and deviations from standard recombination, finding no evidence for new physics. The Planck results for base LCDM are in agreement with BAO data and with the JLA SNe sample. However the amplitude of the fluctuations is found to be higher than inferred from rich cluster counts and weak gravitational lensing. Apart from these tensions, the base LCDM cosmology provides an excellent description of the Planck CMB observations and many other astrophysical data sets.

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Topics: Planck temperature (67%), Planck (60%), Cosmic microwave background (60%) ... show more

9,349 Citations



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1093/MNRAS/STU2058
Joop Schaye1, Robert A. Crain1, Richard G. Bower2, Michelle Furlong2  +21 moreInstitutions (11)
Abstract: We introduce the Virgo Consortium's EAGLE project, a suite of hydrodynamical simulations that follow the formation of galaxies and black holes in representative volumes. We discuss the limitations of such simulations in light of their finite resolution and poorly constrained subgrid physics, and how these affect their predictive power. One major improvement is our treatment of feedback from massive stars and AGN in which thermal energy is injected into the gas without the need to turn off cooling or hydrodynamical forces, allowing winds to develop without predetermined speed or mass loading factors. Because the feedback efficiencies cannot be predicted from first principles, we calibrate them to the z~0 galaxy stellar mass function and the amplitude of the galaxy-central black hole mass relation, also taking galaxy sizes into account. The observed galaxy mass function is reproduced to ≲0.2 dex over the full mass range, 108

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Topics: Galaxy merger (66%), Interacting galaxy (64%), Lenticular galaxy (64%) ... show more

2,299 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1046/J.1365-8711.2001.04912.X
Abstract: ABSTRA C T We simulate the assembly of a massive rich cluster and the formation of its constituent galaxies in a flat, low-density universe. Our most accurate model follows the collapse, the star formation history and the orbital motion of all galaxies more luminous than the Fornax dwarf spheroidal, while dark halo structure is tracked consistently throughout the cluster for all galaxies more luminous than the SMC. Within its virial radius this model contains about 2 10 7 dark matter particles and almost 5000 distinct dynamically resolved galaxies. Simulations of this same cluster at a variety of resolutions allow us to check explicitly for numerical convergence both of the dark matter structures produced by our new parallel N-body and substructure identification codes, and of the galaxy populations produced by the phenomenological models we use to follow cooling, star formation, feedback and stellar aging. This baryonic modelling is tuned so that our simulations reproduce the observed properties of isolated spirals outside clusters. Without further parameter adjustment our simulations then produce a luminosity function, a mass-to-light ratio, luminosity, number and velocity dispersion profiles, and a morphology ‐radius relation which are similar to those observed in real clusters. In particular, since our simulations follow galaxy merging explicitly, we can demonstrate that it accounts quantitatively for the observed cluster population of bulges and elliptical galaxies.

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Topics: Galaxy cluster (70%), Elliptical galaxy (69%), Brightest cluster galaxy (68%) ... show more

1,954 Citations


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