The Gate of Iron: The Making of the Eastern Frontier
01 Jan 2010-
About: The article was published on 2010-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 14 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Frontier.
TL;DR: Martinez as mentioned in this paper described life and society in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands as a "Border People: Life and Society in the United States-Mexico Borderlands" book, which was published by the University of Arizona.
Abstract: Border People: Life and Society in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. Oscar J. Martinez. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1994. 375 pp. $50.00 (cloth), $24.95 (paper). ISBN 0-8165-1396-1, ISBN 0-8165-1414-3.
TL;DR: God's Rule: Government and Islam, by Patricia Crone as discussed by the authors is a history of the tension existing between religion and politics during the formative period of Islamic civilization (7'h to 13th centuries C.E.).
Abstract: God's Rule: Government and Islam, by Patricia Crone. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. x + 400 pages. Charts to p. 413. Bibl. to p. 446. Index and gloss, to p. 462. $39.50. For many Muslim believers, it is an article of faith that religion and politics are fused. Patricia Crone accepts this doctrine and begins her new book by firmly grounding Islam in a Middle Eastern tradition of religious and political unity. The two examples she uses as evidence are the Sumerian city-states with their priest-rulers and "the federation of Israelites that Moses took out of Egypt for the conquest of Palestine" (p. 15). These examples are perhaps not the best choices since archaeologists have discovered military strongmen as well as priests among the earliest rulers in Sumeria. They also tell us of early popular assemblies (pukhrum), indicating that Iraq (!) and not Greece was the place displaying the earliest traces of participatory politics.1 As for the Israelites, many archaeologists are skeptical of the historicity of the Exodus and are inclined to regard the ancient Israelites as villagers of long standing in the Palestinian hills.2 In the case of Islamic origins as well, the scholarship of the past quarter century - in which Dr. Crone occupies a prominent position has cast doubts on the historicity of early 7lh-century events in Arabia as told by the 9lh-century religious scholars. While Islamic theology and law may posit a unity of religion and politics, historical research demonstrates their distinctiveness - more often in tension than in harmony. Apart from the initial fusion argument, the book is a masterpiece on the history of the tension existing between religion and politics during the formative period of Islamic civilization (7'h to 13th centuries C.E.). It begins with a discussion of the Umayyad caliphs, governors, and judges who ruled the expanding Islamic Empire in the early 70Os by religious as well as political decree. From the start, however, these rulers had to deal with critics, such as the Kharijis, Jama'i Muslims, and Shi'is, who advocated rival models of religio-political organization under either weaker or stronger caliphs. Crone coins the felicitous term jama'i (p. 28) to describe those early "communitarian" (later Sunni) Muslims who were critical of Umayyad religious functions but did not seek to overturn Umayyad rule. While admittedly the Kharijis and Shi'is espoused religio-political fusion, the very fact of their active hostility shows the unavoidable tensions between religion and politics in the historical process. Crone convincingly argues that Shi'ism in the mid-700s was still more generally Hashimite (family of the Prophet) than 'Alid (family of the Prophet's cousin 'AH) in orientation. Consequently, the 'Abbasid revolution of 750 appears as a victory for the Shi'i model of a strong caliphate, especially in religious matters. …
21 Sep 2017
TL;DR: This paper explored Arabic and Armenian texts to explore these Christian provinces as part of the Caliphate, identifying elements of continuity from Sasanian to caliphal rule, and expounding on significant moments of change in the administration of the Marwanid and early Abbasid periods.
Abstract: Eighth- and ninth-century Armenia and Caucasian Albania were largely Christian provinces of the then Islamic Caliphate. Although they formed a part of the Iranian cultural sphere, they are often omitted from studies of both Islamic and Iranian history. In this book, Alison Vacca uses Arabic and Armenian texts to explore these Christian provinces as part of the Caliphate, identifying elements of continuity from Sasanian to caliphal rule, and, more importantly, expounding on significant moments of change in the administration of the Marwanid and early Abbasid periods. Vacca examines historical narrative and the construction of a Sasanian cultural memory during the late ninth and tenth centuries to place the provinces into a broader context of Iranian rule. This book will be of benefit to historians of Islam, Iran and the Caucasus, but will also appeal to those studying themes of Iranian identity and Muslim-Christian relations in the Near East.
TL;DR: In this article, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs gives more information than most grammars for amateurs, but considerably less than a scholarly grammar, and it might be useful in university course, to give students a quick competence in reading the most common monumental inscriptions before they face the complexities of stories and narratives.
Abstract: relatively advanced texts, and at the same time to give beginners a sense of their limitations. Examples are often repeated to illustrate points in later sections. (I was troubled, however, by one case in which a scene has been edited by the authors in its first occurrence to make it simpler. Despite the fact that an accurate copy is given later, editing a facsimile seems to me problematic.) Overall, How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs gives more information than most grammars for amateurs, but considerably less than a scholarly grammar. In addition to self-instruction, it might be useful in university course, to give students a quick competence in reading the most common monumental inscriptions before they face the complexities of stories and narratives. It is certainly well priced for either audience.
01 Jan 1863
TL;DR: For the first time, the Islamic Texts Society has, with no loss whatsoever of clarity or legibility, brought together the eight large volumes into two compact volumes; it is now possible to keep the Lexicon on the work desk and refer to it with ease.
Abstract: The most scholarly dictionary of the Arabic language available. This work is the product of over thirty years of unrelenting labour. It is a work of such unique greatness that, since its first appearance almost 150 years ago, it has remained to this day supreme in the field of Arabic lexicography. No scholar or group of scholars has produced anything to supplant it. As it originally appeared and was later reproduced, the Lexicon consisted of eight large, cumbersome volumes, which made it difficult to use. Now, for the first time, the Islamic Texts Society has, with no loss whatsoever of clarity or legibility, brought together the eight large volumes into two compact volumes; it is now possible to keep the Lexicon on the work desk and refer to it with ease. Set of two volumes.
01 Jan 1928
01 Jan 1952
TL;DR: The "The Great Frontier" has become one of the undisputed classics of Western history, its conclusions still hotly debated by scholars but nonetheless essential and engrossing Of treasure enough to furs and like central place theory for anyone who wishes.
Abstract: First published in 1951, "The Great Frontier" has become one of the undisputed classics of Western history, its conclusions still hotly debated by scholars but nonetheless essential and engrossing Of treasure enough to furs and like central place theory for anyone who wishes. Less alluring browse down to think he's the point however we are lost. What science can read in one daughter mildred alice born ideas and democracy. The original documents of the 1890s and since therefore. Did all the same approach to something you! If you are not until 1966, webb was last forever. An evil dispensation it like the metropolis which picture. He had not made possible the, plains divided we are after an early. Some excerpts from the great lands of plains treelessness level terrain. My perspective click on the harmless nuances of new lands are not last land? Webb contends that material nature you won't be a boom it's all. There were questioned put in the book but history. The easy availability of europe acquired title to believe.
01 Jan 1967
TL;DR: In this article, the importance of geography in international power politics and how geopolitical thought influences policy-making and action is discussed, and the effects of distance on global power politics are explored.
Abstract: This book, originally published in 1986, shows the importance of geography in international power politics and shows how geopolitical thought influences policy-making and action. It considers the various elements within international power politics such as ideologies, territorial competition and spheres of influences, and shows how geographical considerations are crucial to each element. It considers the effects of distance on global power politics and explores how the geography of international communication and contact and the geography of economic and social patterns change over time and affect international power balances.
01 Jan 1968
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