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DissertationDOI

"The harder heroism of the hospital:" Union veterans and the creation of disability, 1862-1910

TL;DR: Guidelines handed down ad hoc by Congress are presented, and recommendations are made on how to proceed with the implementation of these guidelines.
Abstract: guidelines handed down ad hoc by Congress.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of the Content.
Abstract: Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of the Content.

1,038 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: After the events of September 11, 2001, I resigned myself to the fact that the lives of innocent men and women in the United States were under threat.
Abstract: ![Figure][1] By LTC Dave Grossman Published by Back Bay Books, 1271 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020, 1995. xxxiv + 366 p. Price $15.95 (paperback) After the events of September 11, 2001, I resigned myself to the fact that the lives of innocent men and women in the United States

359 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The notion of domesticity was introduced by as mentioned in this paper, who argued that a sphere is not a home: woman's larger place in the city at midcentury Conclusion Appendices Notes Sources and select bibliography Index.
Abstract: Preface Introduction: locating domesticity 1. Family, community, and the frontier generation, 1790-1820 2. Family in transition: the revival cycle, 1813-1838 3. The era of association: between family and society, 1825-1845 4. Privacy and the making of the self-made man: family strategies of the middle class at midcentury 5. A sphere is not a home: woman's larger place in the city at midcentury Conclusion Appendices Notes Sources and select bibliography Index.

357 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Leslie Hearnshaw responds strongly to those he sees as jeopardizing an ancient humanist project of psychological knowledge: over-specialized professional psychologists, historians indifferent to present scientific psychology, and critics of the whole progressivist enterprise.
Abstract: It is not uncommon for emeritus professors to take a more reflective view of their discipline, or even for them to grapple with the significance of their specialist knowledge for perennial human questions. Leslie Hearnshaw, for many years Professor of Psychology at Liverpool, is better equipped than many for this role, having already written a history of British psychology and the standard biography of Cyril Burt. In this book, he responds strongly to those he sees as jeopardizing an ancient humanist project of psychological knowledge: over-specialized professional psychologists, historians indifferent to present scientific psychology, and critics of the whole progressivist enterprise. The result is an extraordinarily wide-ranging study-very definitely a conscious act of unification-to portray \"psychology\" as a coherent and progressive endeavour, whatever its problematic qualities as science. His story begins with the animism of early cultures, and it runs through the Greeks to the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the grounding of modern psychology in biology, philosophy, and the German universities in the nineteenth century. There is a separate chapter on \"medical influences\", arguing that it is only with the generation ofJames and Ribot that there is any significant medical psychology. He also attempts to do justice to \"the social dimension\"; and few other histories of psychology have had the breadth to assimilate Marx or Parsons. With the twentieth century, Hearnshaw stresses clearly the \"shaping\" power of the occupational organization and application of psychology, as well as the theoretical and methodological issues which usually dominate such general accounts. In the final chapters, he shows that recent psychology has not been so specialized that it has avoided shaping by philosophical critiques, and he then boldly reviews \"the state of the art\", focusing on the neurosciences and the \"cognitive revolution\". In conclusion, he ventures his own candidate for a unifying \"metapsychology\", based on William Stern's \"personalism\". This is an extraordinary journey, and niggles about detail are out of place, though some passing judgments make one blench. Ultimately, I feel, the book is a declaration of faith. Certainly, it does not engage with the deep difficulties, philosophical and historical, of the enterprise; the key values of continuity, progress, and the striving intellect give the book its form and are not themselves the subject of reflection. As a result the material up till the twentieth century is much less interesting (and in my view less defensible) than what follows, since it becomes a …

327 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1970
TL;DR: In this article, the official journals of government are produced at their 1.5 million square foot plant, the largest industrial facility in the District and significant issues of outdated plant and equipment.
Abstract: • The official journals of government are produced at their 1.5 million square foot plant, the largest industrial facility in the District. There are significant issues of outdated plant and equipment, failure to meet performance metrics, environmental concerns, safety and security issues, and a significant reduction in staffing over the last decade with only relatively minor workforce development efforts.

5,907 citations

Book
01 Jan 1961
TL;DR: "Asylums" is an analysis of life in 'total institutions' - closed worlds like prisons, army camps, boarding schools, nursing homes and mental hospitals that focuses on the relationship between the inmate and the institution.
Abstract: A total institution is defined by Goffman as a place of residence and work where a large number of like-situated, individuals, cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formally administered round of life. Prisons serve as a clear example, providing we appreciate that what is prison-like about prisons is found in institutions whose members have broken no laws. This volume deals with total institutions in general and, mental hospitals, in particular. The main focus is, on the world of the inmate, not the world of the staff. A chief concern is to develop a sociological version of the structure of the self.Each of the essays in this book were intended to focus on the same issue--the inmate's situation in an institutional context. Each chapter approaches the central issue from a different vantage point, each introduction drawing upon a different source in sociology and having little direct relation to the other chapters.This method of presenting material may be irksome, but it allows the reader to pursue the main theme of each paper analytically and comparatively past the point that would be allowable in chapters of an integrated book. If sociological concepts are to be treated with affection, each must be traced back to where it best applies, followed from there wherever it seems to lead, and pressed to disclose the rest of its family.

5,187 citations

Book
01 Jan 1969
TL;DR: Turner's seminal work, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure as discussed by the authors, examines the Ndembu in Zambia and develops the concept of "Communitas", which is an absolute inter-human relation beyond any form of structure.
Abstract: In The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure, Victor Turner examines rituals of the Ndembu in Zambia and develops his now-famous concept of "Communitas". He characterises it as an absolute inter-human relation beyond any form of structure. The Ritual Process has acquired the status of a small classic since these lectures were first published in 1969. Turner demonstrates how the analysis of ritual behaviour and symbolism may be used as a key to understanding social structure and processes. He extends Van Gennep's notion of the "liminal phase" of rites of passage to a more general level, and applies it to gain understanding of a wide range of social phenomena. Once thought to be the "vestigial" organs of social conservatism, rituals are now seen as arenas in which social change may emerge and be absorbed into social practice. As Roger Abrahams writes in his foreword to the revised edition: "Turner argued from specific field data. His special eloquence resided in his ability to lay open a sub-Saharan African system of belief and practice in terms that took the reader beyond the exotic features of the group among whom he carried out his fieldwork, translating his experience into the terms of contemporary Western perceptions. Reflecting Turner's range of intellectual interests, the book emerged as exceptional and eccentric in many ways: yet it achieved its place within the intellectual world because it so successfully synthesized continental theory with the practices of ethnographic reports."

4,636 citations

Book
01 Jan 1960
TL;DR: 1. The Classification of Rites2.
Abstract: 1. The Classification of Rites2. The Territorial Passage3. Individuals and Groups4. Pregnancy and Childbirth5. Birth and Childhood6. Initiation Rites7. Betrothal and Marriage8. Funerals9. Other Types of Rites of PassageConclusions

4,029 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
James C. Scott1
TL;DR: The first public declaration of the hidden transcript was made by as discussed by the authors, who argued that behind the official story domination, acting and fantasy the public transcript as a respectable performance false-consciousness or laying it on thick making social space for a dissident subculture voice under domination.
Abstract: Behind the official story domination, acting and fantasy the public transcript as a respectable performance false-consciousness or laying it on thick making social space for a dissident subculture voice under domination - the arts of political disguise the infrapolitics of subordinate groups a saturnalia of power - the first public declaration of the hidden transcript.

4,015 citations