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Journal ArticleDOI

The History of Theophylact Simocatta

01 Jan 1987-Classical World (JSTOR)-Vol. 80, Iss: 4, pp 324
About: This article is published in Classical World.The article was published on 1987-01-01. It has received 131 citations till now.
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01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the role of the hippodrome in late anti-revolutionary activities in the late nineties and present early examples of the Hippodrome defending itself against anti-government attacks.
Abstract: II TABLE OF CONTENTS III ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS IV GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 1: FACTION RIOTS AND THE ROLE OF THE HIPPODROME IN LATE ANTIQUITY 5 INTRODUCTION 5 TYPOLOGY OF LATE ANTIQUE RIOTS 6 THE HIPPODROME 11 REMOVAL OF OFFICIALS 14 ECONOMIC RIOTS 18 RELEASE OF PRISONERS 20 CONCLUSION 22 CHAPTER 2: MILITARY ASPECTS OF THE FACTIONS 23 INTRODUCTION 23 EARLY EXAMPLES OF CITIZENS DEFENDING A CITY 26 EVIDENCE FOR MILITARY INVOLVEMENT 27 EVIDENCE OF POLITICAL AUTHORITY 32 CONCLUSION 36 CHAPTER 3: IMPERIAL CEREMONIAL AND THE FACTIONS’ ROLE IN ACCLAMATIONS 38 INTRODUCTION 38 MILITARY TO CIVILIAN CEREMONIAL 40 EVIDENCE FOR EMPEROR MAKING 44 SOCIAL AND LEGAL LENIENCY 48 CONCLUSION 50 GENERAL CONCLUSION 52

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that Usener's hypothesis of an imperial university under Heraclius was based on the anachronistic use of the titles oikoumenikos didaskalos and katholikos katholicos to describe Stephanus in some alchemical manuscripts.
Abstract: The assumption, based on studies of the life and works of the late-sixth to seventh century philosopher, Stephanus, by Herman Usener and Wanda Wolska-Conus, that (1) the seventh century author of the commentary on De Interpretatione was summoned by the Emperor Heraclius from Alexandria to take up teaching post in Constantinople at a newly founded imperial institution of higher education (according to Usener) and (2) the same Stephanus was the Constantinopolitan author of the anonymous Prolegomena Philosophiae and Commentary on Porphyry's Isagoge published by L.G. Westerink under the name of Ps. Elias (according to Wolska-Conus), is questioned and it is shown that Usener's hypothesis of an imperial university under Heraclius was based on the anachronistic use of the titles oikoumenikos didaskalos and katholikos didaskalos to describe ‘Stephanus’ in some astrological and alchemical manuscripts. Accordingly, there is no evidence for an imperial institution of higher education under Heraclius. In addi...

4 citations

18 Jul 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, a representative documentary from the Discovery Channel is analyzed using the semiotic method of film analysis to draw out relevant patterns and themes of the Middle Kingdom in the West from the ancient Greek to the contemporary era.
Abstract: This research paper investigates historical images of the Middle Kingdom in the West from the ancient Greek to the contemporary era. These images of China as viewed from a Western perspective have undergone a huge transformation over time, which to some extent reflects transitions in Western society itself. However, an analysis of historical resources shows that certain patterns recur consistently to form a complex construction of China. For instance, when we look at modern Western television documentaries on the topic of China, the frequently adopted patterns of the past centuries still remain. Indeed, technological developments in combining image and sound have intensified the role of these recurrent patterns more than words and paintings in terms of shaping perceptions. Due to the limited scope of this research, the dissertation will mainly concentrate on analyzing one representative documentary from the Discovery Channel, using the semiotic method of film analysis to draw out relevant patterns and themes. However, this research topic could be of great benefit to those with a real interest in understanding the full range of images and constructions used by the West to interpret the Middle Kingdom in terms of visual media representations, and the topic would therefore repay more extensive investigation in the future. Diese Forschungsarbeit beschaftigt sich mit den historischen Chinabildern im Westen, von der Zeit der Antike mit dem griechischen Reich bis in die Gegenwart. Diese Chinabilder haben aus westlicher Perspektive betrachtet im Laufe der Zeit eine starke Transformation erlebt. Diese Veranderungen spiegeln zum Teil die Transformation der westlichen Gesellschaft wieder. Die Analyse der geschichtlichen Quellen offenbart jedoch, dass bestimmte Muster sich bestandig wiederholen und eine komplexes Bild von China schaffen. Wenn wir Zum Beispiel moderne westliche Fernsehdokumentationen zu China heranziehen konnen wir feststellen, dass diese haufig auf Chinabilder der letzten Jahrhundert zuruckgreifen, die auch heute noch Bestand haben. Tatsachlich vereint die technologische Entwicklung Bild und Ton und kann mit der erzielten Intensitat der Wahrnehmung mehr als Worte und Malerei erreichen. Basierend auf einer breiten Analyse der historischen Stereotype sowie der in der Dokumentation verwandten Chinabilder konnen wir zum Schluss kommen, dass die Darstellung China in westlichen Dokumentationen einem bestimmten Muster folgt: Altertum, Tradition, Diversitat, Ubergang und Gefahr. Um die relevanten Themen, fur eine Analyse des gegenwartigen westlichen Dokumentarfilms herauszufiltern, wird im ersten der sieben Kapitel ein Blick auf die historischen Chinabilder gelegt. Dabei soll ein Zeitraum vom ersten Kontakt bis in die Moderne abgedeckt werden. Das nachste Kapitel wird diese historischen Chinabilder in chronologischer Reihenfolge, anhand von Primarquellen – historische Schriften, Aufzeichnungen, Reiseberichte, Briefe und Berichte von Missionaren sowie Nachrichten in Printmedien – um einen theoretischen Hintergrund fur die anschliesende Filmanalyse zu schaffen. Basierend auf dieser Analyse, wird am Ende von Kapitel zwei ein Katalog von Chinabildern eingefuhrt, die entscheidend fur die Wahrnehmung Chinas im Westen sind. Im dritten Kapitel wird die Dokumentation China Revealed, als Fallstudie fur diese Dissertation, vorgestellt. Neben allgemeinen Informationen zurDokumentation findet sich hier eine Beschreibung des Handlungsstrangs sowie der Charaktere. Anschliesend wird im funften Kapitel eine sequentielle Untersuchung der gesamten Dokumentation durchgefuhrt. Ziel ist es die zugrunde liegenden amerikanischen Werte und Ideologien zu untersuchen, um die in der Dokumentation eingenommene Perspektive zu verstehen sowie die Botschaftern des Films dekodieren zu konnen. Hierbei wird ein semiotischer Ansatz gewahlt, um die Sprache in der Dokumentation sowie die Darstellung der einzelnen Charaktere zu analysieren. Auserdem werden die Regelgrosen Szenenaufbau, Licht, Vertonung sowie Kameraposition und – abstand aufgezeichnet und untersucht. Im letzten Kapitel wird gezeigt, dass die aus der Analyse von China Revealed gewonnen Erkenntnisse auf den Gesamtkontext des westlichen Dokumentationsfilms zu China ubertragbar sind.

3 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Stromholm as mentioned in this paper showed how higher education persisted in the eastern half of the Roman Empire throughout the Middle Ages, from the foundation of Constantinople as New Rome, in A.D. 330 to its fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.
Abstract: The purpose of this short contribution to the seminar in honor of Professor Stig Stromholm is to show how higher education persisted in the eastern half of the Roman Empire throughout the Middle Ages. Byzantine scholarship made notable contributions to Medieval European culture especially in the period leading up to the Italian Renaissance. From the foundation of Constantinople as New Rome, in A.D. 330, to its fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the city attracted scholars and teachers. The empire required a constant stream of well-educated men to serve in the vast administration, advise the emperor, run the imperial court and to maintain the activities of the Christian church. In almost every century of its existence the traditional classical education, enkyklios paideia or seven liberal arts, can be documented, with mention of individual teachers, particular schools, scriptoria and libraries. All educated Byzantines showed a broad knowledge of ancient culture. Studying the classics, starting with Homer, was axiomatic. Many seem to have learnt the Odyssey and the Iliad by heart, and writers peppered their texts with references to the tragedians, historians, poets and philosophers of ancient Greece. Some even wrote in the high Attic style favored by fifth century B.C. authors, a form far removed from their medieval Greek.

3 citations