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Journal ArticleDOI

The impact of media and information literacy on acquiring the critical thinking skill by the educational faculty’s students

01 Mar 2021-Thinking Skills and Creativity (Elsevier)-Vol. 39, pp 100782
TL;DR: This paper revealed the impact of media and information literacy (MIL) on acquiring critical thinking skills by the students of the educational faculty, and found that students had an acceptable degree of critical thinking skill to understand and criticize media contents by (81 %).
About: This article is published in Thinking Skills and Creativity.The article was published on 2021-03-01. It has received 25 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Information literacy & Critical thinking.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of digital literacy in the South Pacific region can be found in this paper, where the authors discuss the importance and impacts of digital fluency in higher education in the region.
Abstract: In this era of exponential prominence and adoption of technology, one needs to have the ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share and create ideas, responsibly and ethically, using Information Communication Technology (ICT) tools and technologies combined with the Internet. This emerging human attribute is known as digital literacy. Today, digital literacy is an essential component of everyone's personal and professional lives to survive and thrive in the digital world. The notion of advocating digital literacy around the world is leveraged on the shoulders of higher education institutes. The institutes are playing a pivotal role in mentoring the younger generation to be digitally literate so that they can contribute effectively towards an individual, societal and national development and progression. This same now applies to the South Pacific region as well, with its recent progressive growth of ICT and the dynamic use of digital technology. It can also be added that digital literacy and, by extension, digital fluency is more needed in developing countries, including the South Pacific region, as these countries rely heavily on ICTs for their economic survival, competition and progression. However, there is a dearth of baseline research on digital literacy in the South Pacific since the concept is still new and an emerging one in the region. A few works have been done on the components of digital literacy highlighted in this integrative literature review paper. The anecdotal research will elaborate on the concept of digital literacy, discuss its importance and impacts with major emphasis on the South Pacific, and provide a comprehensive review of digital literacy, its importance and its impact on higher education in the South Pacific.

21 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper investigated the impact of media and information literacy (MIL) on education faculty students' acquisition of the skills needed to detect fake news, and the results indicated that studying MIL has an impact on students' ability to acquire the knowledge needed to identify fake news.
Abstract: This research investigated the impact of media and information literacy (MIL) on education faculty students’ acquisition of the skills needed to detect fake news. A one-group experimental design was employed with a randomly selected sample of 100 Jordanian undergraduate students. The participants completed one pre-test and two post-tests, each of which consisted of 10 closedended questions and one open-ended question on how to detect fake news. The results indicated that studying MIL has an impact on students’ acquisition of the skills needed to detect fake news. The findings also suggested that the methods students employed to identify and detect fake news after studying the MIL course were scientific and well-reasoned. Based on the results, several recommendations are made that will be of value to researchers and workers in this field.

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
07 Apr 2021
TL;DR: In this paper, the characteristics of students' critical thinking skills in completing the HOTS type national exam were analyzed and the results showed that overall the critical-thinking skills of students in solving HOTS-type national exam questions were still in the medium category with a percentage of 44.6.
Abstract: This research is motivated by the renewal of the learning paradigm in the 2013 curriculum which prioritizes the application of higher thinking skills, which aims to increase the potential and skills of students in the 21st century. One of the life skills that students must have is critical thinking skills, this study aims to analyze the characteristics of students' critical thinking skills in completing the HOTS type national exam. The sample of this study was 50 students of class XII MIA in SMA Negeri 1 Jaya in the academic year 2019/2020 using purposive sampling technique. The data collection techniques in this study were test and non-test and focus group discussion. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis, the results showed that overall the critical thinking skills of students in solving HOTS type national exam questions were still in the medium category with a percentage of 44.6. Of the 5 indicators that have been mastered well by students, namely indicators provide simple explanations of 71.8% and build basic skills of 68.7% while other indicators are still in the low category, namely indicators conclude by 32.4% provide further explanation of 15.9% and set strategy and tactics 34.5%.

8 citations


Cites background from "The impact of media and information..."

  • ...thinking skills, including the mind mapping process (Polat & Aydin, 2020), media and information literacy (Al-Zou'bi, 2021), guided inquiry on critical thinking skills (Nurmayani, et al....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined the relationship among Taiwanese students' level of new media literacy and their performance and perception of the importance of using news trustworthiness (NT) attributes to discern fake news while interacting with media.
Abstract: Previous studies have primarily focused on the detection of fake news using artificial intelligence or identifying it through analysis of politically charged topics and their implications. However, studies have rarely systematically analyzed the characteristics of fake news from the perspective of readers. Little empirical evidence exists demonstrating the positive role of the new media literacy (NML) in assisting adolescents in recognizing fake news. This study examined the relationship among Taiwanese students' level of NML and their performance and perception of the importance of using news trustworthiness (NT) attributes to discern fake news while interacting with media. The cross-sectional study was conducted through a questionnaire survey, and 563 responses were included in the analysis. Importance-performance analysis (IPA) and canonical correlation analysis techniques were used to validate the multidimensional relationships between NML and NT. From the IPA with data-centered quadrants and diagonal-based schemes, 31 of the 32 NT attributes were self-evaluated with lower performance than importance. Canonical correlation analysis showed just a slight correlation between NML and NT. This study seeks to provide insights into the strengths and weaknesses of students’ NML and NT skills, and its findings may help to further equip digital readers with the skillset needed to discern facts from falsehoods. • Examined the relationship between new media literacy and news trustworthiness. • Seven categories and 32 attributes of the News Trustworthiness Scale were developed. • Revised IPA with data-centered quadrants and diagonal-based schemes was used. • Thirty-one NT attributes were self-evaluated with lower performance than importance. • Slight correlation found between new media literacy and news trustworthiness.

7 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors conducted a study to determine if interactive television instruction will be effective in improving the critical thinking skills and propensity of out-of-school nomadic children.

7 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the relationship between prospective teachers' media and television literacy levels and their critical thinking dispositions using relational screening models and found that a medium level positive relationship exists between critical thinking and the addiction sub-dimension.
Abstract: Problem Statement: Teachers play a significant role in shaping students on media literacy and critical thinking. Hence, prospective teachers are required to gain knowledge about media literacy and critical thinking during pre-service training. Provided that prospective teachers who will shape the next generation possess such skills as accessing to knowledge, examining knowledge with a critical perspective and discerning what is good and what is bad, they will be able to guide students to acquire these skills. On this subject, the present study investigated a small number of studies that examine the relationship between media literacy and critical thinking. Purpose of the Study: The aim of the present study is to analyze the relationship between prospective teachers’ media and television literacy levels and their critical thinking dispositions. Method: The research used relational screening models. The sample of the research consisted of 166 prospective teachers studying teacher training course at one of Turkey’s state universities. The study’s research analysis utilized descriptive statistics, MANOVA and Pearson product-moment correlation. Findings and Results: The current study found that critical thinking dispositions as well as their media and television literacy differ significantly depending on their gender and major. A medium level positive relationship was revealed between prospective teachers’ general critical thinking disposition scores and the media and television literacy scale literacy subdimension, while there is a low level positive relationship exists between critical thinking and the addiction sub-dimension. Recommendations: Based on the study’s findings, the following recommendations are provided: given prospective teachers’ low critical thinking disposition scores, it is important that higher education curricula be designed for the development of critical thinking skills; moreover, various measures should be taken that aim to provide the appropriate equipment and psychological environment to develop these skills. The present study determined that there is a medium level positive relationship between prospective teachers’ general critical thinking disposition scores and the media and television literacy scale literacy sub-dimension; this relationship between media literacy and critical thinking can be further investigated through different sample groups and different measurement tools. Keywords: Prospective teachers, thinking, critical thinking, media and television literacy

17 citations

16 Jun 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, a hermeneutic literature review was conducted, followed by a content analysis of information literacy papers discussing content evaluation, and critical thinking papers from key authors were compared.
Abstract: Introduction. Information literacy and critical thinking are discussed as distinct concepts by authors in different disciplines. This paper seeks to analyse their conceptions to determine the extent to which they overlap, and identify areas for collaboration across disciplinary lines. Method. A hermeneutic literature review was conducted, followed by a content analysis of information literacy papers discussing content evaluation, and critical thinking papers from key authors. Analysis. Proportions of identified themes represented within the two groups of papers were compared. Similarities and differences were assessed in conjunction with findings from the hermeneutic literature review. Results. Though divergent in their basic underpinning skills, critical thinking and information literacy conceptions pertaining to content evaluation were found to be strongly overlapping in their broader conceptions. Modern pressures giving rise to content evaluation concerns such as the ‘fake news’ phenomenon suggest a need for strong sense conceptions, and an avenue for integration between information literacy and critical thinking when evaluating information. Conclusion. Taken in their strong sense, information literacy and critical thinking conceptions show a high degree of overlap. Engagement across disciplinary lines could offer an enrichment to both concepts.

16 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: This article reviewed the literature about media education and teacher preparation, focusing on the need for students to think critically about the information, technology, and media they interact with daily and addressed the potential for English teachers to prepare their students for the literacy requirements of the digital age.
Abstract: This work addresses the potential for English teachers to prepare their students for the literacy requirements of the digital age. The authors reviewed the literature about media education and teacher preparation, focusing on the need for students to think critically about the information, technology, and media they interact with daily. Based on the authors’ experiences teaching a critical media literacy course in a university teacher education program, they designed a survey for former students to comment on their successes and struggles in bringing the ideas from the course to their K-12 students. Through this online survey, secondary English teachers and elementary teachers were questioned about the critical media literacy teaching they had been doing with their students. An exemplar secondary English teacher who regularly incorporates critical media literacy into her instruction was also interviewed. The data from the literature, surveys, and interview provide examples of the potential English teachers have to teach with and about media and to analyze media critically.

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the effect of the pre-service teachers' critical thinking disposition on their media literacy and found that critical thinking is a significant predictor of media literacy, and that it is important to train the individuals called media literate who can critically perceive and evaluate the information conveyed through the media to increase the positive effects of the media and to reduce their negative effects.
Abstract: It is important to develop a critical perspective in terms of interpreting the messages to be given to the individuals through media and questioning the authenticity and content of these messages. It is therefore necessary to train the individuals called media literate who can critically perceive and evaluate the information conveyed through the media to increase the positive effects of the media and to reduce their negative effects as much as possible. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the effect of the pre-service teachers’ critical thinking disposition on their media literacy. The study employed the relational survey model, one of the quantitative research methods. In order to collect data, a personal information form, the Critical Thinking Disposition Scale, and the Media Literacy Level Determination Scale were used as the data collection tools. As a result of the study, the critical thinking disposition of the pre-service teachers was found to be medium and their media literacy was found to be high. The critical thinking disposition was found to be varying significantly depending on their gender and grade level; their media literacy was found to be varying depending on grade level but not on gender. There is a positive but low relationship between critical thinking disposition and media literacy and critical thinking is a significant predictor of media literacy.

9 citations

Trending Questions (2)
How effective are media and information literacy programs in helping students develop critical thinking skills?

Media and information literacy programs were found to have a positive impact on students' acquisition of critical thinking skills, according to the study.

Does media information literacy skill help students identify fake information?

Yes, the study found that students with media and information literacy skills had an acceptable degree of critical thinking to understand and criticize media contents.