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Proceedings ArticleDOI

The impact of mobile device applications in the improvement of public transportation

TL;DR: It was possible to conclude that there exists a wide range of digital applications available on the market that allow the mitigation of some transport problems/issues, thus improving the user experience of public means of transportation.
Abstract: In order to achieve carbon emissions' target imposed by the European commission, there were exceptional measures executed. The goal was to encourage the use of public transport in urban areas. It was assumed in this study that digitalization at the service of users and managers of public transport networks is a key instrument to improve their efficiency and attractiveness. Given the topicality and importance of the subject, it was pertinent to establish as the core goal of this work, not only the study of the currently used mobile applications within the urban areas of Lisbon and Porto, but also its impacts on the development of public transportation. Ultimately it was intended to identify among the users, the need for possible developments. As a methodology, an exploratory focus group was used at first. Therefore, it was possible to gain a comprehensive understanding on the users of public transports, their preferences, and which applications they most commonly use. Additionally, at the end of the focus group an inferential survey was also analyzed, amended and validated. This survey had the main objective of collecting the necessary data for analyzing the impact of an application for mobile devices, with the goal of improve the quality of public transport. After reviewing the results, it was possible to conclude that it exists a wide range of digital applications available on the market. In fact, these applications allow the mitigation of some transport problems/issues, thus improving the user experience of public means of transportation. This leads to the conclusion that it has a positive impact on the user. Finally, the need to improve current functions and even add new features was also identified.
References
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Journal Article
TL;DR: SOWP 2007 challenges the belief that urbanization hampers the growth as traditionally urbanization has always been thought to be associated with poverty slums crimes and social disruption and underline its potential to contribute to the growth of a nation.
Abstract: This 108 page document breaks many myths associated with urbanization. It challenges the belief that urbanization hampers the growth as traditionally urbanization has always been thought to be associated with poverty slums crimes and social disruption. The report mentions that mega-cities have overshadowed the need and demands for development in smaller urban habitations. Secondly many policymakers try to prevent rural to urban migration which is not only futile and counter-productive but may also be a violation of peoples rights. It also makes a note that most urban growth now stems from natural increase (more births than deaths) rather than migration. The report explores some hitherto unknown aspects of urbanization and tries to underline its potential to contribute to the growth of a nation. It adds how urbanization ensures the empowerment of women by better opportunities for education access to health care legal services less gender discrimination and higher employment opportunities. SOWP 2007 provides a comprehensive view of both positive and negative aspects of urbanization. In the last chapter this report recommends few solutions for the existing obstacles in urban development; emphasizes an immediate need for policy intention and planning for the proper development. The report has an annexure on a number of urban development related indicators for all the countries in the world for comparison. (excerpt)

540 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine access to public transportation and discuss approaches for improving such access Examples from the South East Queensland region of Australia will be used for illustration and examine the impact of car dependent urban forms on the lifestyles of its residents.
Abstract: The form of a city has a major impact on the lifestyles of its residents As urban centers grow, careful strategies are required to ensure that the regional quality of life is not adversely affected by this growth An important strategic consideration is transportation planning Questions regarding the sustainability of dispersed car dependent urban forms have led to a renewed interest in public transportation This paper examines access to public transportation and discusses approaches for improving such access Examples from the South East Queensland region of Australia will be used for illustration

332 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
05 Jul 2006
TL;DR: This paper discusses the structuring of innovative environments such as clusters, technology districts and territorial systems of innovation, which rely on different architectures of knowledge networks enhancing product, process, and organizational innovation.
Abstract: Intelligent communities and cities belong to an emerging movement targeting the creation of environments that improve cognitive skills and abilities to learn and innovate. They represent environments that enable superior cognitive capabilities and creativity to be collectively constructed from combinations of individual cognitive skills and information systems that operate in the physical, institutional, and digital spaces of cities. Two academic traditions have been feeding the discussion concerning intelligent communities and cities: the literature on innovative environments and the planning of digital cities. Following an introduction on the meaning of ICs, we discuss the structuring of innovative environments such as clusters, technology districts and territorial systems of innovation, which rely on different architectures of knowledge networks enhancing product, process, and organizational innovation. Then we turn to digital cities and examine their concept, architecture, and constituent elements. In the final section of the paper we describe intelligent cities as overlapping of innovative clusters and digital cities. Intelligent cities integrate knowledge-intensive activities and clusters; embedded routines of social cooperation enabling knowledge sharing and innovation; advanced communication infrastructure and digital spaces for knowledge and innovation management; and proven ability to innovate and resolve problems that appear for the first time, since the capacity to innovate and manage uncertainty are critical factors in characterizing intelligence.

168 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
10 Jul 2017
TL;DR: This paper reviews the current IoT approaches and concepts related to Smart Cities and Smart Mobility and analyzes distinct features and numerous applications covering both Intelligent Transportation and Real Time Traffic Management Systems.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) describes a world where everyday objects are always connected to the Internet, allowing them to communicate and interact with each other. By connecting these everyday objects to the Internet and making them available everywhere at any time, IoT allows to remotely monitor, manage, and gather status information about them and their surrounding environment. IoT is a revolutionary concept that brought new experiences to everyday life and enabled Smart City initiatives all over the world. These initiatives are using a combination of technology paired with physical infrastructure and services, to improve people's quality of life. One of the high-priority domain to support the Smart City's vision is the field of Smart Mobility. This paper reviews the current IoT approaches and concepts related to Smart Cities and Smart Mobility. In addition, it analyzes distinct features and numerous applications covering both Intelligent Transportation and Real Time Traffic Management Systems.

58 citations

Dissertation
19 Nov 2014
TL;DR: This dissertation discusses a research work about systems for developing cross-platform web and mobile applications, and implements a completely functional prototype of a CPMD integrated with a CPT, the most visible outcome of this masters.
Abstract: The recent growth of the market share of smartphones has been bringing new companies into the mobile applications market. For these companies, these software pieces should typically have smaller life and development cycles in order to improve the productivity of the workers and react to market changes and to the clients expectations. To reduce the effort required for development and improve cost efficiency, it is thus important to develop mobile applications that are able to run on several platforms simultaneously with same code base, while assuring that the expectations of the final user are fulfilled. Because of this, many companies have been focusing some effort on searching or developing uncomplicated new means for rapidly conceiving and delivering mobile applications. This dissertation discusses a research work about systems for developing cross-platform web and mobile applications, which was the first main objective of this masters. Within this context, several existing tools were analysed, and their advantages, disadvantages and importance in the construction of mobile applications were described. These applications may be classified as native, non-native and hybrid. These classes were also subject to analysis. This initial study enabled understanding which was the most popular tool in the industry of software development for mobile devices. According to some reports on the area, PhoneGap is the one offering themost notorious panoply of functionalities and the Cross-Platform Tool (CPT) feeding most of the CrossPlatform to Mobile Development (CPMD) systems. CPMDs, which are web based platforms that elaborate on CPTs to provide communication between an application and the native Application Programming Interface (API) of a given mobile Operating System (OS), were then studied. In order to understand their way of functioning and benefits, an analysis to several similar systems was performed. The second main objective of this masters programme was to implement a CPMD. Starting from what was learned in the initial phase of the work, a requirement analysis for the conception of such systems was performed and, subsequently, the software engineering was elaborated. Some code optimizations of the code were produced during the development of the CPMD, in which several state-of-the-art security mechanisms were also implemented to assure availability, confidentiality and integrity. Since this system delivers native and non native mobile application, a comparative study between both types of applications was also performed, which enabled to better understand the trade-offs and differences in terms of performance, execution times and memory. This study embodies another contribution of this work. Apart from the dissertation, the completely functional prototype of a CPMD integrated with a CPT comprises the most visible outcome of this masters. Finally, concluding the work described herein, a survey was elaborated and delivered to a group

1 citations

Trending Questions (1)
How can a mobile application be used to increase the efficiency of public transport?

The paper discusses the use of mobile applications in improving the efficiency and attractiveness of public transportation. It concludes that these applications can mitigate transport problems and improve the user experience. However, specific details on how the applications increase efficiency are not provided in the paper.